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Theory X by Sigmund Freud's - Motivation Theories

Updated on January 23, 2014

Management 101

As managers we must be prepared to deal with people they don’t want to work, and we need to be equipped with the skills to help them

Theory X

  • Theory x states that people are generally lazy.
  • Since people are lazy they will try at all costs to avoid work. They will do what they can to waste time and find other things to do. Sigmund Freud the creator of this theory believed that the only way to get people to do work was to threaten them with punishment if they didn’t do their work.
  • This idea is important because if it holds true, motivation becomes extremely important. If people don’t want to do any work it is necessary to motivate them. If they are inherently lazy and don’t want to do work, they will need to be motivated to do work. It will be important to motivate them for the best results. (Employee Motivation)

As managers we must be prepared to deal with people they don’t want to work, and we need to be equipped with the skills to help them

Daily Grind

Source

Comfortable in Stability?

People become comfortable in their jobs and don’t wish to achieve greater success

It is important to keep your employees happy, as well as motivating them to do a better job. IT is necessary to do so in this environment.

People Aren’t motivated to Achieve

  • Michael Bolduc wrote in his book that people don’t achieve success because they don’t want to be successful. After hearing that you may be asking yourself how could people not want to be successful? Well the reason may be that when people get comfortable they don’t want to leave their area of comfort. And to achieve success they would have to go outside of their comfort zone. (Buldoc)
  • Motivation is important in this instance to keep people achieving. If people don’t desire to become more successful they won’t. So it is important as a manager to keep them motivated for future success. If this step works and they become motivated they will be working hard to do so, thus improving work performance.

It is important to keep your employees happy, as well as motivating them to do a better job. IT is necessary to do so in this environment.

Self Motivation

Source

Motivation starts with people

– this is an opposing theory to the others we have gone over.

We must realize that we, the managers, are not what motivate the employee. It starts with them, and we can only try to reinforce their desire to succeed.(Lamb)

Motivation In people

  • Motivation starts with the employee. In most cases they will motivate themselves, or be their own main motivator. Considering the fact that money is typically not the biggest motivator of employees. The national opinion research center at the University of Chicago found that it is only third. First is the opportunity to do important work, second was not listed. The role of management is to find what can motivate your employees, apply it so you can get results.
  • Since people aren’t motivated by money as much it is important to keep them happy and enjoying work. Job satisfaction and the opportunity to do important work will help them to motivate themselves. As a manager you can only try to motivate the employees, keep them positive, and striving for more. It is their choice to motivate themselves because being motivated is an active choice. So it can only be reinforced in them, but not produced for them

We must realize that we, the managers, are not what motivates the employee. It starts with them, and we can only try to reinforce their desire to succeed.(Lamb)

Sources

Like what you read? Go find the source! Knowledge is power!

  • "Employee Motivation: Theory and Practice." Accel Team Development. 22 Oct. 2008 <http://accel- team.com/motivation/>.
  • Bolduc, Micheal. "Power of Motivation." Docstoc. 20 Oct. 2008 < HYPERLINK "http://www.docstoc.com/docs/1973593/life-skills---power-of-motivation---how-to-succeed-in-" http://www.docstoc.com/docs/1973593/life-skills---power-of-motivation---how-to-succeed-in- all-circumstances>.
  • Lamb, Gregory. "How to build motivation in today's workplace." This Christian Science Monitor. Mar. 2003. 21 Oct. 2008 <http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/0317/p15s01-wmwo.html>.

*Parts of this article are also posted at suite101.com by the same author

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