kathy -- you ask many too many questions about stock, stocks, market performance, etc -- and they all have far too many answers, individually speaking. it may serve you well to attempt market research as a calling in life, and for this, you need a bit of college behind you.
there are many many industries -- many, many sectors -- many, many countries and MANY MANY management styles.
i believe you'd do well to approach a good market firm and lay your cards on the table -- if you are a young'un, ask what types of studies you're going to need. at the very least, get a CFA and BEST of luck.