Yes. The named (spelling) alphabet was developed to avoid mistakes in radio communication because in spoken language some letters are easily confused when spelling a word or a map coordinate, for example. ("I thought you said 'c'." "No, I said 'e'.")
The American military phonetic alphabet originally began with Able, Baker, Charlie, but when NATO was formed a different phonetic alphabet was created that all NATO nations could understand (but still in English). This is still in use today - Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, etc., as spelled out by RaptorClaw. That's the NATO alphabet and the American military has used it for over 50 years now.