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Commercial Lending Guide

Updated on February 19, 2016
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Stephen Bush is the founder and CEO of AEX Commercial Financing Group. Steve obtained his MBA from UCLA and is a U.S. Navy veteran.

Commercial Lending Guide
Commercial Lending Guide

Commercial Banking Help for Business Borrowers

The Commercial Lending Guide is designed to provide practical business lending help for small business owners. As demonstrated by the information presented below, the risks and costs of dealing with commercial lenders have changed significantly during the past several years. While banks would like everyone to think all is well, that is not really the case from the perspective of small businesses and their commercial financing needs.

Real estate economics and the overall economy are part of the serious problem confronting commercial borrowers. A major part of an effective solution to these difficulties is successfully managing the risks involving commercial lenders.

A Business Financing Guide
A Business Financing Guide
Commercial Banks
Commercial Banks

Banks Are Not What They Used to Be

Banking Has Probably Changed Forever

I have been talking about variations of "bank rage" since well before the "Occupy Wall Street" movement gathered momentum. Commercial borrowers have repeatedly discovered firsthand that banks are not what they used to be. Determination of whether their current banking relationship involves one of the relatively few good banks might be the most practical commercial finance issue to be evaluated by small business owners.

A change in how banks take risks is one primary factor causing this problem for small business owners. While some business loans involving a certain amount of risk were previously provided to small businesses, banks have seemingly stopped making such commercial loans. Due to changes in legal guidelines (such as removal of Glass-Steagall Act protections), the primary risk-taking activities for most banks typically do not involve small businesses but instead opportunities offering the bank a higher profit potential. While profit is not a dirty word, banks have historically been held to a higher standard when it comes to taking risks. But that is no longer the legal framework governing banks.

A growing list of banking institutions that should be avoided

13 Bankers: The Wall Street Takeover and the Next Financial Meltdown
13 Bankers: The Wall Street Takeover and the Next Financial Meltdown

The banks keep giving us good reasons to worry, and this book is an excellent guide for understanding what is happening and why.

Zombie Banks — Only the Banks Live Forever

The title "Only the Banks Live Forever" was inspired by a chapter title ("Only the Rocks Live Forever") in one of my favorite books, "Centennial" by James Michener. The recent emergence of a new kind of failing bank known as "Zombie Banks" makes the title even more appropriate.

There are many banks currently operating only because of artificial government support and guarantees. Apparently the working theory is that there would be a crisis of confidence if too many banks failed, and "Too Many to Fail" is a new phrase to reflect this thinking. But if they are not lending normally to small businesses and others, are we really better off having them around?

Perhaps even worse is the negative impact that Zombie Banks are having on all other banks. The stigma of Zombie Banking is like a plague that is contagious. It's a "crowd mentality" at its worst, and yet the banking industry still acts like they did nothing wrong to cause the crisis several years ago. To listen to the bank lobbyists, it was just a small bump in the road and everything is back to normal now.

Here's one example of what they mean by normal. The Washington Post reported during the first quarter of 2013 that a number of banks are now making payday loans at annualized interest rates up to 300 percent. Just your everyday "normal" 300 percent.

If you're like most people, you will find lending practices like this outrageous.

 
Good and Bad Banks
Good and Bad Banks
Banking Risks
Banking Risks

Doing Whatever It Takes For Small Business Financing

Helping Your Business Survive When Banks Say "No"

This brief list is intended to illustrate the importance for small business owners doing whatever it takes to survive in a tough business climate. Ideally these suggestions should be considered by most commercial borrowers in the early stages of their financial search instead of only as a last resort due to the growing failure of banks to provide normal levels of business funding.

  1. Get Early Small Business Consulting Help

    The current commercial lending climate is hard on inexperienced borrowers. Employing a small business finance consultant with an expertise in commercial finance should be thought of as an early option for those business owners trying to solve difficult financial problems in order to save their business.

  2. Determine Whether Your Bank is a Good Bank or a Bad Bank

    Business owners should expect to need some professional help in finding the few remaining good banks.

  3. Be Prepared to Fire Your Bank and Your Banker

    For small business owners unwilling to say "You're fired" to their bank when faced with the need to do so, be prepared to hire a new bank anyway.

  4. Plan B

    These are unusual times that increasingly require new business tactics and strategies. Contingency planning such as having a Plan B (or Plan C or Plan D for that matter) can prove to be very helpful under such unpredictable lending and banking circumstances.

New Small Business Loan Sources

There appears to be an adequate supply of new business loan sources to fill the void left by the exit of many banks from commercial lending. Having a reliable commercial loan provider to consistently support the funding requirements of their business is what matters to most small businesses.

Commercial Lending Questions
Commercial Lending Questions

FAQ - Small Business Lending

Questions and Answers about Commercial Lenders

Question 1 — After they were given taxpayer funding by the financial bailout several years ago, are banks required to provide small business financing? What happened to the money?

No. It is a mystery that there were not such conditions placed upon the banks when they were saved from financial collapse by taxpayer funds.

As to what happened to all of those funds, the answer is somewhat technical (to say the least). The assets are considered to be what is known as "fungible." The banks tell us that it is not possible to say what happened to the taxpayer money given to the banks because the monetary assets are interchangeable with other funds ("fungible"). According to a number of reports, many banks saved from financial collapse now appear to be investing a significant portion of bailout funding in what most observers consider to be risky areas similar to what got them into trouble at the beginning of this crisis (such as financial derivatives).

Some banks have begun to see that the lack of lending to small businesses is turning out to be a public relations nightmare, and we are now seeing stories in the press suggesting that business lending "might have improved." Upon closer inspection, most of the accounts refer to "syndication loans" that were given to very large corporations and not to small businesses at all.

This explanation would probably inspire someone to write a book called "The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One" if William Black hadn't already written it (as noted below).

Question 2 — What does the phrase "Small Business Loans Without Banks" mean?

The recent turmoil in financial markets has certainly made it obvious (and painfully clear in most cases) that small business owners should not always rely on banks for effective commercial financing. I often refer to new alternative commercial loan choices as "Small Business Loans Without Banks" because in many cases the new sources of commercial loans are not banks.

A Recent Conversation With William K. Black

The Best Way to Rob a Bank is to Own One: How Corporate Executives and Politicians Looted the S&L Industry
The Best Way to Rob a Bank is to Own One: How Corporate Executives and Politicians Looted the S&L Industry

Given the current circumstances and lack of legal restrictions to the contrary, there is little reason to expect that banks will return to previous levels of commercial lending to small businesses. As another example of how the banking world has changed, author William Black has written a book entitled "The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One."

This is an "important book" in every sense of the term. You should be intrigued by the title. I certainly know I was when I first learned of this educational book about banks by a genuine banking expert — William K. Black. It is insightful on many different levels. You are likely to share what you learn with all of your friends. If you want to also hear what Bill Black is saying, please see the video above.

Risk assessment and risk management have become more important for commercial borrowers during recent years. Commercial lending and commercial banking have turned into a nightmare scenario for many small business owners. One of the most perplexing situations for commercial borrowers is the realization that there are now "good banks" and "bad banks."

Because of the complex changes and risks, small businesses should be prepared to take a more active role in dealing with commercial lenders.

 
Measuring Risk
Measuring Risk

One More Thing

  1. "The more things change, the more things stay the same" is a common observation about how little change happens despite external events that indicate the status quo is not sustainable. We saw two superb examples of this during the middle of March 2012. Please recall that most U.S. financial institutions were on the brink of collapse during the 2008-2009 time frame. They were saved by taxpayer funding and now act as if nothing really happened.

    To help prevent another recurrence of financial instability, the Federal Reserve has begun conducting annual stress tests that evaluate whether a bank can survive sudden economic gyrations like those seen in the recent Great Recession. In results announced in March 2012, 20 percent of the biggest banks flunked the test. (Banks would like this to be viewed as a positive outcome. What do you think?)

    On another news front, a Goldman Sachs executive resigned very publicly by publishing what he really thought about the way that his (former) firm treated clients and attempted to make money for the firm in a "toxic and destructive" way.

    The immediate lesson that I take from these two different events:

    Based on their differing attitudes and actions involving financial risks and ethical treatment of clients by banks, there continues to be a growing list of banking institutions that should be avoided by individuals and business owners.

    In a 2014 update, banks flunking the Federal Reserve stress test remain at 20 percent.

Mixed Signals for Commercial Banking

While lenders have indicated that business lending is proceeding at a normal pace, commercial credit lines have been increasingly reduced or revoked entirely and fewer commercial mortgages are being completed in most locations. A direct result of this is confusion among business owners about the true availability of commercial loan refinancing and new commercial real estate financing. Some banks are certainly in much better shape than others (and the FDIC Problem Bank List is still a concern).

The best way to rob a bank is to own one.

— William K. Black
Thanks for Visiting the Commercial Lending Guide -- All images provided under End User License Agreement to Stephen Bush
Thanks for Visiting the Commercial Lending Guide -- All images provided under End User License Agreement to Stephen Bush

© 2009 Stephen Bush

And now, your thoughts on the subject...

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      Babi 2 years ago

      Arguably, interest rates are too low and have been too low for a few years.A liltte inflation would go a long way to solving the current economic crisis and help deal with the debt problem. A liltte inflation can be introduced by increasing the money supply. The Fed can create money and then use it to purchase government bonds, for example. This would eventually cause interest rates to rise to more normal levels, would retire some of the government debt, and would put more money in circulation.Currently, a lot of companies and banks are just sitting on their money. If inflation were higher, they would need to invest that money in order to retain its value. Also, inflation makes any debts smaller in comparison to the economy as a whole. Inflation would bring about a rise in housing prices and so fewer mortgages would be underwater.

    • sukkran trichy profile image

      sukkran trichy 4 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      lot of useful info here. thanks for the guidance.

    • Gypzeerose profile image

      Rose Jones 4 years ago

      This is just an exceptional lens - and so pretty too! Almost like a chapter out of a textbook. I loved your quiz - well researched. Social bookmarked and blessed..........

    • profile image

      pbfinance 5 years ago

      Excellent info once again. Thumbs up.

    • profile image

      BankingEducator 6 years ago

      Thank you for putting this comprehensive lens together. I enjoyed the content and the images!

      I believe that banks will begin looking to much more creative means for financing small businesses through solutions like micro-lending.

    • profile image

      JanetB_Timms 6 years ago

      This is a very comprehensive and pulled together lens. I agree when you say that banks are acting very strange and are not being that supportive of small businesses and their finance needs. I think this extends to individual borrowers as well. P2P lending is on the rise and some see it as a viable (and maybe even better) way of fulfilling their personal and business finance requirements. Sites such as loanback.com provide lenders and borrowers a way to structure their informal loans without much hassle or outside interference. In transactions such as these, the middlemen (banks, lending institutions) are completely cut out which can only be a good thing.

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      supervpropo 7 years ago

      I agree with you. Without bank help most of buyer can't start business. So be sure first to bank account and banking system.

      Thanks for sharing such a nice lens.