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What is a Domain Name and An Internet Protocol?

Updated on August 16, 2011

Without a domain name, websites are distinguished by an internet protocol address (IP). What is an IP address? It is a tag that is used by PCs to find the location of a server of a website. Nevertheless, for people, an IP address (which is displayed in a numerical fashion) can be hard to remember. This is the reason why domain names were invented. With a domain name, a person can find a webpage using easier words or terms. Although numbers can be included in a domain name, they generally do not make up all of it, like an IP address does.

When it comes to format, domain names have many elements. The first element is called the URL, which is short for Uniform Resource Locator. The URL relays to the browser a request of a webpage. The URL is made up of:

1.) Http (hypertext transfer protocol)

2.) ://

3.) The name of the server.

4.) The domain name that includes a suffix (top-level domain) for example .com, .net, .org, .biz, .edu etc.

The http which signifies the browser can anticipate locating a hypertext document, which easily said means the webpage. In some instances, the URL is not http and it can be ftp which is short for file transfer protocol. A webmaster would rather use the ftp if he would want people to download fields from the server.

Www which stands for World Wide Web is a term that allows computers and people to know the webpage the domain name is directing to. It is followed by the domain name itself, which is usually a mixture of letters, numbers or terms.

A decent domain name will ideally be short, easy to remember and most crucially, search engine friendly. Actually, great webmasters usually focus more on getting a good quality domain name which optimizes the search engine. To accomplish this, they choose popularly searched words as their keywords to include in the domain name.

All domain names have what is called an extension. This allows an individual to know more information about a website. For instance, dot com is the most popular domain name extension. It stands for commercial and was initially meant for businesses in that field. Now the extension is used by many people who have got online businesses. There is an excellent reason for this, because many internet surfers will remember the .com before they would remember .net .org or .biz etc.

However, the other extensions also have the potential to be memorable. Think about, which is a very well known site even though it has a .org extension. Domain name extension can additionally pin point things from a geographical standpoint. An example of this is nation-based extensions like .fr (which is short for France), or .jp (which is short for Japan). Additionally, they may be state-based like .ca (which is short for California). These can be superb tools for local online marketing. To buy web domain namesor any domain name, an individual can either:

1.) Acquire one from a web-hosting firm.

2.) Acquire one from a separate domain name firm (domain name registrar).

In terms of cost, things will differ with both options, although generally the price will go from $6.50 to $35.


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