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The Unofficial Rules for HubPages

Updated on January 24, 2011

I'm just a loyal and active Hubber, who probably pays more attention than most to what's being said on the forums. The evidence of this can be seen on my HubScore hub.

I say that this hub is unofficial, because I am not in the employ of HubPages. And while it does contain some solid references to the FAQ, it is my intention to shed further light with a choice selection of snippets and statements made by HubPage staff in the forum.

I've collated this information and will continue to add to it, to make it easier for Hubbers, new and old alike, to come up to speed about what is and isn't allowed at HubPages.

Anything written in italics is either a bit of editing on my part to help with the flow of information, personal opinion or wild speculation.

Linking Rules

These rules refer to the linking of hubs to outside sources...

  • You must have no more than 1-2 links to any one domain on a page of original content (tinyurl and other cloakers are considered wildcards)
  • You may NOT add links to sites or offers you are promoting on copied, non-original Web content (i.e. if the copy exists already on the Web, you can't reuse it to promote your sites)
  • You can NOT add links to sites irrelevant to the Hub's topic
  • You can not include a short teaser and then "click here to learn more" - your Hub must address the topic fully by itself
  • You should consider adding more original content, or legitimate links to other online resources that complement this Hub's topic

Source: This is emailed to you if your hub/s has been flagged for being over-promotional.

Just to clarify, if you want to promote other sites, then the content must be unique. You can not drop links to sites or affiliate offers on Hubs with copied content (even if it's your own).

You can publish Hubs with unoriginal content if there are no links out from it... we will not reward them as highly as we do original-content Hubs in terms of HubScore (i.e. they will incur a HubScore penalty).


When we see a pattern of infractions, we flag an entire account, since it is impractical to go through each hub (especially when there are hundreds) to check whether each and every one meets our standards. You can easily remedy the situation by going through and revising the offenders and resubmitting the innocent hubs, at which point we can see your willingness to comply and will clear your account. Until that time, every new hub you submit will come through moderation before it is published.

Remember: only 2 links to a single domain per hub, and only on original content. Many people seem to get caught up in posting duplicate content with outbound commercial links, which we still consider overly promotional.


Just to clarify:

- you can publish any content you have the rights to, provided you don't use it to link to sites you are trying to promote (even if it is NOT unique); i.e. you can post a Wikipedia article with the original links to Wikipedia and proper attribution, but you can not add additional links to affiliate offers, your blog, etc.

- you can publish *unique* content with up to 2 links to any one domain; i.e. if you want to put in links to affiliate offers, blogs, sites that you want to promote, then the content must be exclusive to HubPages.


Clickbank is not considered a "bad neighborhood" - i.e. Hubbers can link to them.

Sometimes some authors get a little too aggressive and put in too many links to clickbank (or other affiliate) offers; that's Overly Promotional and not allowed, naturally.


Rules on Flagging

Rules on Flagging

Flagging can not downgrade a Hub or apply a penalty to it.

Flagging simply tells us to take a look at it for a possible violation (in the case of adult, gambling, spam, low-quality, etc. flags) or it tells our automated, computerized duplicate checker to check for duplicates. It can not force an outcome. There are plenty of times we don't agree with a flagger, or the computerized system doesn't find duplicates, in which case nothing happens to the Hub at all.


My hub was flagged as substandard, what does that mean?

Substandard simply means that the quality of the hub does not live up to HubPages standards. Below are some common reasons that a hub may be flagged as substandard:

  • "Test" or otherwise unfinished hubs
  • Very little content
  • Unoriginal or purely personal content
  • Contributes nothing new in a heavily saturated topic
  • Many broken links or links to low quality sites
  • Links with deceptive or inaccurate link text
  • Missing videos


Flagging a hub won't get it hit with a HubScore penalty or see it bumped to unpublished status. It will have it queued for the filter to check it out.

Do not copy content you do not have the right to use. Original content is rewarded with higher HubScores.
Do not copy content you do not have the right to use. Original content is rewarded with higher HubScores.

Rules on Duplicate Content

My hub has been flagged for duplicate content, what does that mean?

The hub seems to have text that is either copied from or to a large number of other sites, and has incurred a HubScore penalty as a result.

If your Hub is truly original or simply quotes another Web page in a reasonable manner, please request a review of the hub by clicking on "learn more" at the top of the hub. An exception is typically granted only when quoting is done to a minimum, or some commonly-used, public domain, or historical phrases have triggered the duplicate content detector. If your hub has been certified as original by the administrator it will appear at the top of the hub. Once certified as original no HubScore penalty will be applied.


Duplicates are allowed; they are just penalized in terms of HubScore.

Duplicates simply means that we find the same tract of text on the Web. You could be entirely within your rights to reprint the material at HubPages. However, it will incur a HubScore penalty. That's because we believe content that is unique (i.e. you haven't either copied from another site, or reprinted across a bunch of other sites) should be rewarded with a higher relative HubScore. (Duplicates are not allowed at all for Flagship Hubs, of course - we're paying for those!)


Just to clarify:

- you can publish any content you have the rights to, provided you don't use it to link to sites you are trying to promote (even if it is NOT unique); i.e. you can post a Wikipedia article with the original links to Wikipedia and proper attribution, but you can not add additional links to affiliate offers, your blog, etc.

- you can publish *unique* content with up to 2 links to any one domain; i.e. if you want to put in links to affiliate offers, blogs, sites that you want to promote, then the content must be exclusive to HubPages.


Rules on Copyright Infringement and Plagiarism

Plagiarized (i.e. unauthorized copied) content is not allowed, but the only person who can report it is the content owner.

We must comply with US DMCA law and have a procedure where a content owner can ask us to take down plagiarized content. That procedure is laid out here.


Fortunately, there is a U.S. law that deals exactly with this sort of thing, and we follow it. It makes our job simpler.


You should let the copyright owner know so that they can file a DMCA take down notice if they so choose. It's neither practical nor possible for us to make a determination on every single piece of content that flows through HubPages. If we even tried, we would immediately become liable for all infringements that we didn't catch. That's just the way the law works.


Copyright infringement is another matter and we will remove content that is in violation, as long as the copyright holder follows the proper reporting procedure.


We become aware of a copyright violation when the copyright holder informs us of it. There is no way for a 3rd party to determine definitively whether something that happens to be copied actually violates a copyright. That's why we suggest that you contact the suspected rights holder directly, so that they can contact us if they so choose.


Recommended reading: Duplication vs Plagiarism

Rules on Content

Generally speaking, what am I allowed to put into a hub?

All hubs have to meet the site content guidelines set forth in the Google AdSense Program Policy and in the HubPages terms of use.

Our objective with HubPages is to support authors that have the desire and intent to develop a readership on the HubPages site, and to contribute in a positive way to the HubPages community. If your intended use runs counter to this objective -- for instance, if you're sole purpose is to get back links for other sites or to promote or sell dubious products through your hubs -- then please stop using HubPages.

If you're hubs are flagged for violations, we generally will give you an opportunity to correct the problem and republish the hub. However, repeated violations will result in your account being closed and all your hubs being unpublished. If you are unsure if your hub meets our policies, we will be far more sympathetic if you contact us for clarification before publishing the hub.


Please do not publish unfinished, strictly personal, or "test" hubs.
Please do not publish unfinished, strictly personal, or "test" hubs.

Rules on Substandard Content

Some topics have been covered extensively by other users. If you feel you have something new to say or a different take on a popular subject, by all means, create a hub to share it. However, we reserve the right to remove hubs that merely "flog a dead horse," so to speak. For example, there are over 300 hubs about making money online by taking paid surveys. At this point, chances are the topic is fully exhausted. In cases like these, your hub may be flagged because it isn't saying anything that hasn't been covered already.


No nudity, no sexually explicit content, and no links to adult or pornographic sites.
No nudity, no sexually explicit content, and no links to adult or pornographic sites.

Rules on Adult Content

I want to write about adult topics, what is allowed?

Adult content is not allowed. Below are some examples of prohibited adult content. This should not be interpreted as exhaustive list of what is prohibited. If you are unsure if your content is allowed, please contact us for a clarification before publishing your hub.

The following are not allowed:

  • pornographic images
  • links to adult or pornographic sites
  • discussion or promotion of sexual aids or toys
  • detailed descriptions of sexual acts or practices
  • excessive profanity


Do not promote gambling or online gambling sites.
Do not promote gambling or online gambling sites.

Rules on Gambling

Am I allowed to create hubs about gambling?

Hubs that promote or link to sites that offer or promote gambling for money are not allowed. Discussions of gambling rules, strategies, or events are generally all right. If you are unsure if your gambling related hub is ok, please contact us for clarification before publishing your hub.


Rules on what's Overly Promotional

My hub was flagged as overly promotional, what does that mean?

Purely promotional offers and Hubs designed only to promote other sites or businesses are not allowed. In particular, the following actions are likely to get your hubs flagged:

  • linking repeatedly to the same site within a hub or across many hubs
  • including links to a page that contains largely the same content as your hub
  • linking to products or services unrelated to a Hub's content


Find out more about Overly Promotional in a hub by our Moderator Maddie.

Your title and tags must match your Hub's content. Link text must not be deceptive.
Your title and tags must match your Hub's content. Link text must not be deceptive.

Rules on Tagging

My hub was flagged as deceptively tagged or titled, what does that mean?

The title and tags of your hub must accurately represent the contents of the hub.

The standard a chosen tag must live up to is "Would a fan of this tag be interested in your hub?" -- if not, do use that tag. In particular, tagging your hub with a lot of very general tags, such as 'travel', 'entertainment', 'food', and 'music' when your hub is not specifically about these topics is liable to get you into trouble.


The text of your hubs should be predominantly in English.
The text of your hubs should be predominantly in English.

Rules on Language

Why don't you allow hubs in languages other than English?

At our current size we don't have the resources to properly create or administer a HubPages site in other languages. We hope to be able to offer our services in other languages in the future.


Rules on what is considered to be Commercial

What does commercial mean?

Commercial hubs are required to have an ad level setting of High. Your hub is considered to be commercial if it meets any of these conditions.

  • it is monetized through a non-hubpages affiliate mechanism
  • it contains links to other commercial sites
  • it promotes a for profit business, especially a business that you have an interest in


One of the bullets in the FAQ description is "monetized through a non-HubPages affiliate mechanism." Amazon or EBay capsules are HubPages-sanctioned affiliate programs, and do not affect the "commercial" status of your hub, unless the hub meets one of the other conditions for a commercial classification.

Short answer: Yes. If a hub has no outbound links, and is not advertising a business or service, it can be classified non-commercial, even with EBay or Amazon capsules.


Rules on the Forum

Prohibited Use of Forums

We take these two points very seriously. Be aware that you may be banned from HubPages if you are found in violation.

  • Promoting other sites: This includes linking to any site that you have a vested interest in promoting, especially using affiliate links. To be on safe side we recommend that you establish a presence in the HubPages community before you post any links in the forum.
  • Making Personal Attacks: debate and disagreements on points of substance are all right, but personal attacks, petty bickering, and thread hijacking will be dealt with swiftly.
  • Cross Posting: Please do not post the same message to more than one forum.


Linking to your own hubs when they have nothing to do with the topic of the thread is also generally frowned upon and sooner or later those links are snipped (removed) by the Moderator.

Also avoid starting a thread solely to promote your own hub/s. Even if you think you're being clever by jumping on the opportunity of the subject matter being in the news or a much talked about topic. People see through it very quickly.

The only sub-forum in the forums where you can start a thread solely about your hub is the Extreme Hub Makeover sub-forum. This is to get critique, tips or advice to help with your hub making skills.

The only other time you should ever link to your hub is if someone else has started a thread and they have a question or a problem and you feel you have the answer in your hub. If the answer is no longer than a sentence or two, I'd avoid putting in the link. Just type it out. But if it's detailed response, or a series of steps involved then it's fine to avoid posting duplicate content and you can post a link.

No promotional offers or Hubs designed only to promote another site or business.
No promotional offers or Hubs designed only to promote another site or business.

Rules on Spamming

  • At HubPages I'd recommend not posting your hub URL's in comment capsules of other hubbers. Unless the hubber has indicated that they want you to. And short of such an invitation the only other reason you'd post a link is if- IF your hub is directly related to their topic. But even then it would be a gamble. Best to avoid it completely. If your feedback is intelligent it may be enough for the Hub Author and also other hub readers to click through to your profile page.

  • Don't use the Contact Me form as a way to contact hub authors en masse and promote your hubs. Unsolicited Bulk Email = Spam.
  • If you're the member of other forums be wise and wary about how you post links to your hubs. I'd only do so if you are a long standing and active member.
  • When using social bookmarking sites refrain from using hub trackers. And don't use them solely as a means to post your own hubs. Or in fact use it with the same domain name far too many times. Otherwise an account could be flagged for the obvious. Variety is the key.


Submit a Comment
  • nicomp profile image

    nicomp really 

    4 years ago from Ohio, USA

    "You can NOT add links to sites irrelevant to the Hub's topic"

    A computer can't make this judgement.

  • Shailendra Mishra profile image

    Shailendra Mishra 

    5 years ago from Indore, India

    I have bookmarked your version of rules rather than the official ones.


  • nicomp profile image

    nicomp really 

    5 years ago from Ohio, USA

    "If your Hub is truly original or simply quotes another Web page in a reasonable manner, please request a review of the hub by clicking on "learn more" at the top of the hub."

    Nope. Doesn't work. A waste of time. The Duplication Police will make you rewrite it until it's nothing like your original vision. You're better off publishing it elsewhere.

  • Ceres Schwarz profile image

    Ceres Schwarz 

    6 years ago

    Very useful hub with a lot of information. It's especially helpful for new hubbers like me who still have much to learn about HubPages. It's important to know all the rules so you don't break them and, if you accidentally made a mistake, you can fix things and make them better.

  • somethgblue profile image


    6 years ago from Shelbyville, Tennessee

    If one has incorrect photo attribution would you recommend deleting them all and starting over or try to go back through them and correct them?

    Also would you say that incorrect photo attribution is the reason for the significant drop in page views the Hub Page community is suffering as a whole or just more of Master Google's games?

  • never ben married profile image

    never ben married 

    6 years ago

    I'm new here and this is very helpful. I did a "print screen' on it and put it on my desktop, making it easy to refer to. Thanks Darkside!

  • sozocoffee profile image

    Pamela Lee 

    7 years ago from Washington State

    Clear and concise information on being a good Hubber. Thank You!

  • goodfor-Batman profile image


    7 years ago from Usa

    As Batman would say "Let this be a Great Lesson Robin"!

  • Natashalh profile image


    7 years ago from Hawaii

    Thank you! As a new hubber, I am very grateful for the more experienced folks that have advice and experience to share. Up and bookmarked for future reference!

  • tsmog profile image

    Tim Mitchell 

    8 years ago from Escondido, CA

    Thanks again. Answers many questions while raising more. I'll look more into your advice hubs.

  • Sagax K profile image

    Sagax K 

    8 years ago

    Glad I found this hub, Darkside. I'm a newbie so this is VERY useful info. Thanks!

  • GoingOnline profile image


    8 years ago

    Can you still use duplicated content? I thought it was a big no no. Useful hub in any case, thanks for the info!

  • jolisa profile image


    8 years ago

    Thank you, very helpful information

  • Hunter Goodman profile image

    Hunter Goodman 

    8 years ago from Texas

    thank you for keeping me in the boundaries!

  • safiq ali patel profile image

    safiq ali patel 

    8 years ago from United States Of America

    A useful hub and one that will make a good and helpful reference point for hubbers old and new.

  • darkside profile imageAUTHOR


    8 years ago from Australia

    I've been around a while and I've picked up a thing or two. :)

  • StarCreate profile image


    8 years ago from Spain

    Your articles should be compulsory reading for all newbies Darkside!

  • Vickie Bovender profile image

    Vickie Bovender 

    8 years ago from Southeastern US

    Thank you for the good information. I'm learning...

  • shanmugamp profile image


    8 years ago from India

    great hub.. New hubbers like me should definitely read this

  • JenOfChicago profile image


    8 years ago from Chicago, IL

    Thank you - I am new as well and appreciated this immensely.

  • JimmieWriter profile image

    Jimmie Quick 

    8 years ago from Memphis, TN USA

    I'm new to Hubpages and greatly appreciate these guidelines.

  • Dumbledore profile image

    This Old Guy 

    8 years ago from Somewhere in Ohio

    Thank you for consolidating the rules for those of us who don't know where to look.

  • Bluehoop profile image


    9 years ago

    I"m newish on hubpages and still learning. This post has helped a lot - thanks.

  • cgarwriter profile image


    9 years ago

    If only you were able to write software instructions.

    You make this all sound very clear, succinct and well written. Kudos!

  • Rob McKelvie profile image

    Rob McKelvie 

    9 years ago from USA and UK

    Very helpful for a newbie like me. Thanks for all the time and effort you put into this Hub!

  • equealla profile image


    9 years ago from Pretoria, South Africa

    There are definitely a lot for me to learn still. The time factor is just a problem. Suppose I will get to it all, patience strong!

  • danatheteacher profile image

    Dana Rock 

    9 years ago from Pacific Northwest

    Nice breakdown-Rules can be overwhelming to understand or absorb sometimes. I appreciate it!

  • PaperNotes profile image


    9 years ago

    Thanks for the insightful hub! it was very helpful to read. Great work!

  • JoshuaBlack profile image


    9 years ago from Michigan, USA

    Great bunch of inforamtion about general hubber knowhow. It looks like it took you awhile to create this. Keep up the good work.

    -Joshua Black

  • Shawn Scarborough profile image

    Shawn Scarborough 

    9 years ago from The Lone Star State

    Thanks for this great information. Really appreciate it.

  • europe24me profile image


    9 years ago from Pomona

    I am glad I found this hub was confused then I remember I could do search and found this. I was "dinged" for problems with my hub so now I must go and fix. PTC, was definetely one problem for advertising, and then one to many links was the other. I think you spell that out specifcally so I will re read this hub because it was useful and save it so as not to repeat the same mistakes as many it appear have as they navigate this blogging for pleasure

  • Wechito profile image


    9 years ago

    Thanks for the information. Everything is very clear.

    This is the kind of content new users appreciate. It saves you a lot of research time.

  • Cattleprod Media profile image

    Cattleprod Media 

    9 years ago from Johannesburg

    Thanks a lot. Cleared up a lot of my questions. Should have read this first before I even started :)

  • jj12 profile image


    9 years ago from England

    As a newcomer to hubs, this was VERY useful.

  • angela_michelle profile image

    Angela Michelle Schultz 

    9 years ago from United States

    This actually helped a lot. Thank you for the great hub!

  • profile image


    9 years ago

    Thank you so much for your hubs darkside.

  • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

    Jyoti Kothari 

    9 years ago from Jaipur

    Thanks Darkside. Long descriptive hub. Thanks for taking too much pain to gather info.

    Thumbs up!

    Jyoti Kothari

  • pennyhowington profile image


    9 years ago from Mesa, AZ

    Thank you so much for the info. As a new Hubber, it is extremely useful.

  • loves ranch life profile image

    loves ranch life 

    9 years ago from western North Dakota

    So much great info here! I think it will be easier to get started!

  • cleo77725 profile image


    9 years ago

    Very informative thanks a lot!

  • Silver Poet profile image

    Silver Poet 

    9 years ago from the computer of a midwestern American writer

    Thanks for a concise and readable explanation of the rules to review. I liked it!

  • profile image

    Wife Who Saves 

    9 years ago

    This is a really informative article. I have been labeling all of by hubs as commercial simply because of Adsense. Now I know to change all of them. Thanks.

  • MissE profile image


    9 years ago from Texas

    Good info. Thanks!

  • ReMarkaBlogs profile image


    10 years ago

    Darkside, you certainly showed me the light. Very helpful, thank you for such a frank and concise Hub, I'll be bookmarking this one for future reference.

    Great job, thank you!

  • rebekahELLE profile image


    10 years ago from Tampa Bay

    very helpful, thank you. one ? ~ so we cannot use a tracker for our facebook account?

  • lovelyra profile image


    10 years ago from The Planet Earth

    Thanks for the great info. I thought I'm reading official HubPages FQA. :P

  • JessicaR1211 profile image


    10 years ago from Boston, Massachusetts

    Are you sure you are not a Hubpages Employee? haha

  • Kelsey Tallis profile image

    Kelsey Tallis 

    10 years ago from USA-Ohio

    "If you're the member of other forums be wise and wary about how you post links to your hubs. I'd only do so if you are a long standing and active member."

    It's funny you mention this. My first hub actually is partly about a forum I'm a member of (I've been extremely active there for the last 7 months). I've been sending the link to my friends there and asking them to forward it to others they think would be interested (btw, that is not the only topic I intend to write hubs about).

    I'm totally upfront with them about the ad revenue (not that I'm earning any yet!) and so far I've gotten good response from my friends there, and have been getting a lot of traffic from that forum, but: Will a lot of traffic coming from a specific place have a negative effect or make my hub "too promotional"?

    One friend suggested I create a thread in that forum for my hub but I'm hesitant to do that for obvious reasons. I really do dislike spam and if I do, I would be completely candid about what I will and will not benefit from.

  • darkside profile imageAUTHOR


    10 years ago from Australia

    There being no ads is deliberate on my part.

    I never saw ads in context with my content, and I suspect if I did it'll only be some 'Guru' trying to sell some Get Rich Quick scheme with HubPages as a part of the title.

  • someonewhoknows profile image


    10 years ago from south and west of canada,north of ohio

    About the only bad thing to say about this hub is that,even if you get a lot of traffic,there is no ad content!

  • The Lost Dutchman profile image

    Patrick Bernauw 

    11 years ago from Flanders (Belgium)

    Now, this is a truy useful hubhub!

  • LY Wong profile image

    LY Wong 

    11 years ago

    This article provides very useful information to new hubbers. Good work!

  • 02SmithA profile image


    11 years ago from Ohio

    Great post Darkside!

  • Patnet profile image


    11 years ago from San Diego Area

    Thanks for the extensive info here on what can and can't be done. Mega-useful.

  • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

    Jyoti Kothari 

    11 years ago from Jaipur

    A good and informative article for newbees. It will also help the olds.

    many many thanks for good suggessions.


  • mdtabish profile image


    11 years ago

    WOW! Great Article! Thanks Darkside!

    That's exactly the information i was looking for. You even explained them in a lot easier to understand way than the HP staff.

  • darkside profile imageAUTHOR


    11 years ago from Australia

    That's interesting Kia. I've noticed a couple of new threads in the forum where people have said that they've been flagged for a variety of reasons. I wouldn't take it personally, it's just a new system that is put in place, and the warnings are automated. I'm making a big assupmtion here, but if it allows you to submit your hub for review then it could get an exemption and then be cleared of any future flagging. I feel that these changes are being put in place to provide more hurdles for spammers so they can get filtered, caught up and removed from the site. Real people will remain.

  • kia31 profile image


    11 years ago from Los Angles

    I got this warning on one of my hubs, all my tags are relevant and I have about 43 tags. If the amount of tags is a problem then why do they just cut the limit at say 40 or 35 or what ever they feel is the correct amount.

    This Hub has a large number of tags. Please verify that they are all relevant and specific to the content of this Hub. Irrelevant or excessive tagging may affect your HubScore, or result in a Deceptively Tagged/Titled flag.

  • profile image


    11 years ago

    Thank you for taking the trouble to write this really informative Hub

  • profile image

    Adrienne Suzanne 

    11 years ago

    I just joined HubPages and found this article very helpful. I'm looking forward to reading more. Great hub.

  • About-The-Home profile image


    11 years ago

    Thanks darkside. That's exactly what I wanted!

  • darkside profile imageAUTHOR


    11 years ago from Australia

    I guess you're talking about my Table of Contents. Find out here:

  • About-The-Home profile image


    11 years ago

    Great info as always Darkside.

    How do you do those internal links? I've been wondering if you could do that in a hubpage, now I know you can but I can't figure out how to do it.

  • Encourager profile image


    11 years ago from Cotswolds, UK

    Thanks for a very informative hub. I should have read your hub before I started writing!


  • profile image


    11 years ago

    Darkside, you rock!

  • Whitney05 profile image


    11 years ago from Georgia

    Yes as always helpful indeed.

  • In The Doghouse profile image

    In The Doghouse 

    11 years ago from California

    Thank you Darkside. This is very helpful.

  • Peter M. Lopez profile image

    Peter M. Lopez 

    11 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

    Excellent as always, darkside.

  • embitca profile image


    11 years ago from Boston

    Great idea putting this together. Sometimes the information we get is really confusing. Things were nicely clarified over the past few days. Now maybe we can just link all the questions in the forum to your hub :)

  • MarcNorris profile image


    11 years ago from Canada

    Thanks for clarifying some of those mysterious rules - it is so very helpful to have everything in one place.

    Thumbs up from me!

  • Kenny Wordsmith profile image

    Ashok Rajagopalan 

    11 years ago from Chennai

    Right and helpful as ever. Thanks.

  • MrMarmalade profile image


    11 years ago from Sydney

    Thumbs up darkside.

    I did find the Hub about deleting all the hubs on one hubber

    slightly bewildering.

    Anyway the comment section was closed

    Great hub

  • profile image


    11 years ago

    Great job Darkside! We really needed this information collated into an easy to read hub. Thumbs up all the way.

  • Rob Jundt profile image

    Rob Jundt 

    11 years ago from Midwest USA

    Great information. I appreciate your effort here. Thanks!

  • compu-smart profile image


    11 years ago from London UK


    Another great informative hub!!

  • Sally's Trove profile image


    11 years ago from Southeastern Pennsylvania

    Good job of clarifying and expanding the information available here on HP, especially since many don't take the time to read help documents and FAQs. The forum source links above are extremely valuable.

  • Eileen Hughes profile image

    Eileen Hughes 

    11 years ago from Northam Western Australia

    Very good hub, there are still a few things that I am querying so have sent you an email. I hope you didn't mind. I have put a hub on a few items that I wrote myself, they are mine. But I wrote them at Helium. Maybe I should delete them.

    Thanks for your help.

  • trish1048 profile image


    11 years ago

    Thanks for some very valuable information. I am new to HubPages, so I found this to be very helpful.

    Great job!

  • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

    Zsuzsy Bee 

    11 years ago from Ontario/Canada

    Darkside! Again a great collection of important information. Thanks for sharing. I have copied it and hung it on my office bulletin board.

    great hub regards Zsuzsy


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