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TIGER-Most majestic of endangered animals
Tiger-about to extinct
Tiger census in India is just over.Results are worrying. In spite of Government's effort to save this majestic species, number of tigers in India is not satisfying. Even though the 'World Wildlife Foundation',in its previous report, has stated that 2500 tigers live in India,recent census shows that there are only about 1000 tigers in Indian Wildlife sanctuaries.
SHARP FALL IN NUMBER OF TIGERS
The fall in the number of tigers is very sharp and steep.In the beginning of 20th century, India had50,000 tigers. In about 2004 A.D. According to wildlife Foundation,there were 2500 tigers.In2002, 3500 tigers were there in India.The recent census , it is only 1000.What a fast deterioration in number!
This fall has taken place in spite of 'project Tiger' and 'Save the tiger' projects, supported by Indian government and funding from UNO
But one pleasant note is out in April 2011.In Karnataka number of tigers has risen in 2011 March census.Now it has highest number of tigers in India
In India,16 states have tiger sancturies.But among all these, karnataka has provided better facilities for tigers and here the tigers are better protected from hunters than in other states.This state has four tiger sancturies-Bandipur, Nagarahole,Bhadra, and Anashi-Dandeli sancturies.According to recent census, Karnataka has 250 tigers in these four sancturies, 25% of total tiger population in India.
In India, different species of tigers are found-Bengal Tiger,White tiger etc. In other parts of the world some other species like-Siberian tigers, are found.White tiger is not actually a different species, but a result of an occidental genetic change, that rarely occurs.But common people people recognise it as a different kind of the species.
The reason for the vanishing of tigers are many. They are hunted for their skin and nails;forest area is decreasing. Every tiger needs about 100 sq.k.ms of thick forest area to live comfortably. But that is not available.Thirdly-their preys are also decreasing in number. ( In India, only deers and cattle are their food.Giraffe are not available here.)Because of these reasons, tigers are on the verge of extinction.
If forests are not conserved, this majestic species will soon become extinct.
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