10 Useful Italian Verbs
Knowing some useful Italian verbs and how to conjugate them correctly is key to effectively communicating and understanding Italian. True, there are many other components to learning a language but conjugating verbs is a great place to start.
Learning how to conjugate verbs allows you to understand a bit more about how the Italian language works and are huge building blocks when putting together a phrase or trying to ask a question.
While there are many verbs in the Italian language, there are some used more often than others so I choose 10 I felt I heard and used most as I was beginning to learn Italian myself.
All the verbs are conjugated for present tense.
I will be honest it took a bit of work on my end to become fluent in Italian, but very worthwhile. There are many different ways, techniques and courses one can take to accomplish learning another language. Find one that works best for you and stick with it, learning to speak another language is a beautiful thing.
In order to correctly conjugate a verb it must correspond to a subject pronoun - I, You, He, She, We, They, You plural like "you guys" and in the Italian language You Formal singular and plural.
io - I
tu - you
lui - he
lei - she
Lei - you formal - it is the same as she
noi - we
voi - you plural
loro/Loro - they/you formal plural
To Be or To Have That is the Question...
Here is an extremely helpful tip - if you would like to say
"I am hungry"
Italians use the verb Avere - to have not Essere - to be, as we do in the English language. They say -
"I have hunger" - Io ho fame
"I have thirst" - Io ho sete
They use Essere when they are tired or happy
"I am tired" - Io sono stanco/a
"I am happy" - Io sono contento/a
If you notice, the words hunger and thirsty do not require being modified as masculine or feminine, whereas tired and happy do. For the most part, if you need to use masculine or feminine Essere is the way to go.
To Have, To Be - Avere and Essere Conjugation
Two of the most useful and important verbs in the Italian language is Avere and Essere, To Have and To Be. They are used often and are a great place to start in learning Italian Verbs. Below is their conjugation in present tense.
Avere - To Have
io ho - I have
tu hai - you have
lui/lei/Lei ha - he/she/you formal has
noi abbiamo - we have
voi avete - you plural have
loro/Loro hanno - they/you formal plural have
Essere - To Be
io sono - I am
tu sei - You are
lui/lei/Lei e - the 'e' actually has an accent on the top of it - he/she/you formal are
noi siamo - We are
voi siete- You guys
loro/Loro sono - it is conjugated the same as I am - They are
To Go- Andare Conjugation
Andare - To Go
io vado- I go
tu vai - You go
lui/lei/Lei va - he/she/you formal goes
noi andiamo - We go
voi andate - You plural goes
loro/Loro vanno - they/you plural formal go
You will often hear - Andiamo! Which means Lets go!
To Do, Make - Fare Conjugation
Fare - To do or make
io faccio - I do/make
What are you doing this evening? - Che fai sta sera?
To Eat - Mangiare Conjugation
Mangiare - To Eat
Hopefully you will be eating a lot in Italy. It is a central part of the Italian culture and it does not disappoint, the food is amazing.
Don't be surprised if you hear often - Mangia! Mangia! - Eat! Eat! As they love to feed people.
How are You?
Stare is a bit unique in that they use this verb to ask how one is -
How are you? - Come stai?
I am good - Sto bene
It is also used in its literal form
You stay here - Tu stai qui
To Stay - Stare Conjugation
Stare - To Stay
To Speak, Talk - Parlare Conjugation
Parlare - To Speak, Talk
To Be Able, Can, May - Potere Conjugation
Potere - To be able, can
You will often hear people say - Posso? - which means May I?
To Call, Name - Chiamare Conjugation
Chiamare - To Call, Name
To Buy- Comprare Conjugation
Comprare - To Buy
This is a great verb to know for all of the wonderful shopping you can do in Italy. Take advantage of their fabulous outdoor markets where great deals can be found and made.