- Education and Science
10 MOST BEAUTIFUL ANCIENT RUINS IN THE WORLD
One of the few ways that modern man can come in contact with the wonders of ancient technology and art is to travel back into the past and visit some of the world's most beautiful ancient ruins. There are hundreds of them scattered around the world, and each one of them tells its story and represents their anicent civilization. These are just some of the most famous and most beautiful ancient ruins in the world. I will take you on a quick tour around the world. Enjoy!
10. PALENQUE (MEXICO)
Town of Santo Domingo de Palenque was founded in the seventeenth century (not counting the small church in 1573.) And would remain insignificant to the 1774 when in a nearby jungle were discovered remains of megalopolis from the period of Maya. Antonio del Rio was then rushed to the Royal Council in Guatemala to report his discovery. Since then the range of research expeditions are directed to this destination. The ruins of Palenque got a name from the nearby village.
Frans Blom in the 1920s began the most comprehensive work on the excavation and cleaning. Mexican archaeologist Alberto Ruz in 1952., after several years of removing tons of stone blocks, was finally able to put Palenque in world's archeological treasure by discovering the only Mayan tomb ever found : the ruler Pacani Votan's tomb.
9. BABYLON (IRAQ)
Historically important city of Babylon was inhabited around the 2500 years BC, 500 years later became the center of Mesopotamia. Babylon grew in size and splendor, and then was destroyed, first by the Assyrians, and the second time after the death of Alexander the Great. The ruins of Babylon conjures up images of biblical history - the big tower of Babel, the Hanging Gardens. Only the most persistent tourists visit the ruins of Babylon, which is located around 85 kilometers from Baghdad.
Babylon name comes from the Hebrew word Bebel (in greek Babylon) by Akkadian Bab or Babirush in Old Persian, which is actually a translation of the Sumerian name Ka-ra-dingir which means ''door of the gods''. Ancient Babylon used to lay in the midst of majestic palm plantation and was always stocked with water. It was located at the crossroads of major trade routes that led from Asia Minor and Transcaucasia to the Persian Gulf and the coast of Syria to the Iranian plateau.
Today, to the remains of Babylon leads a good asphalt road. The first thing a visitor arriving from the north can see is a tall mound of irregular shapes Tell Babil, which preserves the ruins of Nebuchadnezzar's summer residence. The road then crosses the northernmost parts of the city walls, of which there are only something like coral in the form of dams, and brings passengers to the exterior of Nebuchadnezzar's Babylon.
Today those ruins are endless pile of rubble, sand and bricks, whose dreary monotony is disrupted with palm dates and excavations. The only man who lives within the ancient city ruins is the keeper in a small museum managed by the Iraqi Department of Antiquities. His house is next to the museum, by the palace ruins.
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DO YOU TRAVEL A LOT?
Share your experience with us. I personally have never been to any of these amazing places, unfortunately. But I would love to see them all. Maybe, one day, who knows.
HAVE YOU EVER VISITED ANY OF THESE BEAUTIFUL PLACES?
YES, I have (tell us where have you been).
8. AYUTTHAYA (THAILAND)
Ayuthaya is a small town about an hour and a half north of Bangkok.Ayutthaya was a very prosperous metropolis. The only leftovers of this amazing empire are in Ayutthaya Historical Park. Unlike Bangkok, Ayutthaya is a small town of some 60 thousand people and can be viewed in one day. It is a former capital of Thailand with beautiful ruins of Wats and market in the center of the western islands. The whole city is one big plain. In 1991 UNESCO declared the Ayutthaya Historical Park of World Heritage Site.
There were lots of beautiful temples, palaces and religious sculptures, but most of them were destroyed during the Burmese 's invasion. Sacred and historic ruins, rich history and its splendor impress and attract most tourists. Famous temples of Ayutthaya are: Wat Pra Si Sanphet: one of the grandest temples in Ayutthaya; the older temple of Wat Phra Mahathat was built into the house of relics of the Buddha - the most interesting thing here is the stone head of Buddha, which is covered by the root of figs, this is very surprising;
7. TIKAL (GUATEMALA)
Tikal, the oldest and perhaps the most spectacular Mayan site.It is located in the middle of impassable and inhospitable jungle. Like prehistoric skyscrapers rising from the ground of jungle there are two pyramids with steep sides that are opposite to each other. At their peaks are temples with crowning upgrade decorated with mysterious religious symbols carved in stone. They are surrounded with about 350 small temples and palaces. Two temples, which are facing each other, are dating back to the 8th century. During the late classic period (600th to 800th) Tikal was one of the greatest Mayan centers. It was found that about 4 century there lived 5000-9000 people, as evidenced by a number of institutions (over 4000 in the round of 16 km). During this period arose five temples of which the highest one is fourth one (70 m). There were lots of palaces, ceremonial platforms, residences and structures for a hot bath (sauna types), and five stone roads. In the center there was a complex of palaces of the royal family and other nobles.
Pyramids of Tikal were built in the form of large steps or terraces, and the top of them was incomplete in order to build a temple on it. It is believed that it was used for observing the stars because the Mayans in that area showed unusual skill performing extremely accurate calculations, although they had no machines. Centers such as Tikal were architecturally constructed as observatory complexes for astronomical and religious celebrations and observances, which indicates the very close links between religion and science.
6. COLOSSEUM (ITALY)
Colosseum is one of the most famous buildings in Rome and this is the place where gladiator fights took place. Other brutal games and fights used to take place here in the period of Roman empire. There was a way to fill Colosseum with water, and then they would improvise ship fights. There was place for 50,000 people. Colosseum is the largest amphitheater built in the Roman Empire.
Initially, the Colosseum was called Flavian's amphitheater. Its name was changed later. During the years after it was built, Colosseum endured massive damages, modifications and repairs. Reasons were different - earthquakes, floods, fire ... Today, one third of this enormous amphitheater stands still there. Last fights that were held in the Colosseum were in the fifth and sixth century AD.
5. CHICHÃN ITZÃ (MEXICO)
Chichen Itza is one of the most visited sites of the pyramids in Mexico. Although the area where they once Maya lived has many ruins and buildings from ancient times, these are the best available because they are close to Merida, a city in the Yucatan. The buildings indicate that Toltecs had huge impact in this area. According to some ruins archeologists suggest that the builders of these ruins had advanced knowledge in mathematics and astronomy.
4. PARTHENON (GREECE)
Everyone, and everything, in Athens, in a fixed relation to the Acropolis, 156 meter high cliff of limestone, which crowns the city Parthenon, unreal in its simplicity of form, structure, which is known worldwide for its architectural beauty and harmony.It is a temple dedicated to the Virgin (parthena-virgin) Athens. Construction of the temple lasted 15 years (447-432 BC).
Parthenon was built of different kinds of stone. It had the poles which contained statues of the gods, as well as various other scenes carved in stone. Many pillars of the Parthenon over the centuries have been damaged or destroyed, but at the time when they were built were high about 10 meters.
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3. COPAN (HONDURAS)
Mayan archaeological park is located approximately 400 km away from the Honduran capital city of Tegucigalpa. There are also the ruins of the ancient Mayan city of Copan, culture and civilization that once stretched south of Mexico, Guatemala, Belicea and part of El Salvador.
Pyramids, temples and sculptures are part of the national and priceless art treasures. Copan is very important because of comprehensive hieroglyphic records from these areas. Unfortunately this great cultural wealth is in danger of destruction if it doesn't get protection soon from natural disasters, sun, rain and temperature changes. Experts warn that the architectural structure could collapse within a century, while already within the next 50-odd years could disappear embossed outline of the sculptures and hieroglyphics.
This was a city of palm fruit and wonderful legend about little known, but yet very charismatic and powerful queen, Zenobia. Palmyra bloomed and became known around the world when the Romans enslave it. History has it that Emperor Adrian, when he visited Palmyra was so smitten by her beauty that he gave Palmyra independence. Out of gratitude, the citizens changed the name of the town in Palmyra Adriana, but the time of independence didn't last long. Roman Emperor Severus, who was born in Syria, he took Palmyra's autonomy, but citizens he treated very nicely. During the reign of Caracalla were built new streets, temples, domes, columns, square, amphitheater and other urban infrastructure, which made Palmyra one of the most beautiful cities in the vast Roman Empire.
The most famous ruler of Palmyra was Queen Zenobia. Zenobia was known for her incredible strength of character and beauty, and ruled Palmyra in a way that surprised the East and West. She had a gift for languages, she knew Greek and Egyptian. She had a broad knowledge about political issues, and her main ambition was to get rid of the Roman government.
Palmyra is protected by UNESCO.
1.MACHU PICCHU (PERU)
Machu Picchu, the ruins of the Incas in the Andes in central Peru, at an altitude of 2400 meters, were discovered in 1911 by American Hiram A. Bingham (1875-1956). The town is built on terraces and is surrounded by a double wall. The walls of the temple, residential buildings and wall are made of cyclopean blocks of granite without the binder. One of the few surviving cities before Columbus; 1983rd added to the Unesco World Heritage list.
The city has about two hundred buildings located on terraces and arranged around a large central square. There is also a terrace outside the inhabited part with irrigation canals, and was used for growing crops. In an urban area, which is located on four levels, is the Sun Temple, Mausoleum, baths, shops and crafts. On a hill in the center of town there is a granite monolith, perhaps an altar, characteristic of the Incas, and perhaps the observatory.
Today, archaeologists claim that Machu Picchu wasn't a city in the classical sense because they haven't found the remains of bureaucratic administration, commerce and military fortifications. Most likely it was built as an imperial possession and religious retreat or as a secret ceremonial city.