ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Arbour Hill Memorial Park in Dublin Ireland

Updated on April 10, 2018
viking305 profile image

L.M.Reid is an Irish writer who has published many history articles online and in magazines.

President John F Kennedy at Arbour Hill Dublin Ireland in 1963
President John F Kennedy at Arbour Hill Dublin Ireland in 1963 | Source

Memorial Park in Stoneybatter Dublin Ireland

President John F Kennedy visited Arbour Hill, Dublin 7 Ireland in June 1963.

It contains fourteen men who were executed by the British Army after the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin. The Irish soldiers had surrendered to the British forces but sixteen men were tried by court martial and executed.

Fourteen of them were shot and their bodies dumped in a large pit in Arbour Hill Prison in Dublin. Their battle of the 1916 Easter Rising was lost. The Irish War of Independence continued and Ireland finally won its freedom.

Below is a summary of the seven articles I have written so far within this Irish history article series.

President Kennedy Visits Irish Graves (1963)

1. President John F Kennedy

When the President of the United States of America was asked what was the highlight of his trip to Ireland he said. “The highlight? that was the memorial service at Arbour Hill!”

The graves of fourteen men who were executed after the Easter Rising in 1916 are at Arbour Hill Memorial Park. This National Monument was built in 1955 and the fourteen Irish soldiers who are buried here are honoured every year by the Irish people

Arbour Hill Memorial Park

President John F Kennedy walked around the grave site and read the names of each man executed and buried there. Then the Irish Army band played Chopin's Funeral March. A roll of drums was played when he laid a wreath.

The Irish flag the Tri colour was then raised to full mast and the Last Post was played. To end the ceremony the Irish National Anthem was played. President John F Kennedy did not forget his experience at Arbour Hill Memorial Park and when the tragic death of the President occurred only a few months later in November of that year the Irish Cadets were to be part of his funeral service in America.

You can read a detailed account of the visit and see photos of The President at Arbour Hill.I have also included a quick summary of the fourteen men who are buried there.

Click below to read the article

1. President John F Kennedy visits Arbour Hill in 1963

President John F. Kennedy at Arbour Hill Memorial Park

2. Brothers Patrick Pearse and William Pearse

Patrick Pearse and William Pearse were two brothers who took part in the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin.

They were both executed by the British Army after the surrender and their bodies dumped at Arbour Hill Prison yard.

1916 Easter Rising

At noon on Easter Monday, 24th April 1916, Patrick Pearse left Liberty Hall and marched up O’Connell Street to the General Post Office.

This would be the headquarters of the Rising.

Patrick Pearse was the leader of the Irish Volunteers and James Connolly was the leader of the Irish Citizen Army. William Pearse the younger brother of Patrick marched alongside him.

The Proclamation of the Irish Republic

Patrick Pearse read the Proclamation of the Irish Republic outside the steps of the GPO and began with, ' Irishmen and Irishwomen, in the name of God and of dead generations from which she receives her old tradition of nationhood, Ireland, through us, summons her children to her flag and strikes for her freedom…… We declare the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland…'

Barrister and Teacher

He had opened a very successful School for boys and girls who were taught the dying Irish Language. As the years went by the lessons were all taught in Irish.

Famous Sculptor

His work being bought and displayed all over the world. He also taught Art classes at his brother’s school. When the Easter Rising was coming closer and Patrick was busier his younger brother Willie took over the running of the school.

They both left Liberty Hall that Easter Monday lunch time knowing that they would probably be killed in battle. Neither of them could have predicted that they would be executed within a day of each other.

They lie together in the mass grave at Arbour Hill in Dublin. This is their story. Click below to read it.

2. Patrick Pearse and William Pearse

3. James Connolly

James Connolly had been badly wounded in the fighting and was taken by ambulance and brought out on a stretcher into Kilmainham Jail yard, where he was strapped to a chair.

He was shot dead by firing squad.

When the Rising failed and the Irish soldiers surrendered James Connolly was executed by firing squad and his body dumped in a mass grave at Arbour Hill Prison yard.

Children

His fifteen year old son Rory, also a member of the Irish Citizen Army was with him at the headquarters at the GPO.

James Connolly’s older daughters Nora and Ita, both of the Irish Citizen Army were in Belfast when the Rising started with orders to mobilise the troops there.

They travelled back to Dublin during the Rising but it only lasted seven days and did not get involved with the fighting there. Therefore they were not arrested in Dublin. Rory Connolly was in Kilmainham jail when his father was executed so could not see him before he died. James Connolly received a visit a few hours before his execution from his wife Lily and daughter Nora.

James Connolly wanted Ireland to be free. He was aware the Easter Rising would probably fail because the Irish soldiers were always going to be outnumbered by the British troops. But he had to at least try to free Ireland. This is his story.

3. James Connolly

4. Edward Daly

Edward Daly was executed for his part in the 1916 Easter Rising. He was shot by firing squad and his body was thrown into a mass grave with other executed leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising.

Edward Daly was the youngest of nine children, He had eight sisters and was born six months after the death of his father. One of his sisters was Kathleen Daly who married Tom Clarke. Edward had moved to Dublin form Limerick and was living with Tom and Kathleen Clarke.

Four Courts Garrison

He was the Commander of the Four Courts Garrison and had his headquarters at the Father Mathew Hall in Church Street Dublin 7. This garrison saw some of the heaviest fighting but the Irish soldiers were holding the British troops at bay.

When the Surrender Order came through from Patrick Pearse and James Connolly, Edward Daly reluctantly obeyed the order and surrendered. This is his story.

4. Edward Daly

Rare glimpses of Ireland's Easter Uprising

5. Joseph Plunkett

He was executed by firing squad and his body dumped in a mass grave at Arbour Hill Prison yard along with thirteen other Irish men who fought in the 1916 Easter Rising.

Joseph Plunkett fought in the GPO Headquarters

Joseph was also there with his two younger brothers George and John.

All three Plunkett brothers were given the death sentence after the surrender.

George and John had their sentences reduced to life in prison.

Their father George was also fighting in the Rising. Both he and their mother were arrested and a few weeks after the Rising the parents of Joseph were deported to England.

Joseph Plunkett married Grace Gifford a few hours before his death in Kilmainham jail. They had been engaged since the previous December and were due to be married on Easter Sunday. This had to be cancelled because of the Rising. This is their story.

5. Joseph Plunkett and Grace Gifford

6. Sean MacDermott

Sean MacDermott was one of the leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising executed in Kilmainham Jail Dublin Ireland. He is one of the Irish soldiers buried in the mass grave in Arbour Hill Memorial Park in Stoneybatter Dublin 7 Ireland

Sean MacDermott had left Liberty Hall a few minutes before noon on Easter Monday 24 April 1916 and walked up to the General Post Office with Tom Clarke. Sean had contracted Polio some years earlier and had to walk with the aid of a stick.

He waited for the Irish soldiers to march to the GPO building that would mark the start of 1916 Irish Rising. Sean MacDermott was a writer of books and plays and also the founder and editor of the newspaper The Irish Freedom.

He had spent the few years previously going around Ireland preparing the Irish people for the eventual fight against British rule. This is his story.

6. Sean MacDermott

7. Tom Clarke

When the Rising failed and the Irish soldiers surrendered Tom Clarke was executed by firing squad and his body dumped in a mass grave at Arbour Hill Prison yard in Stoneybatter Dublin 7 Ireland.

Tom Clarke was fifty nine years old when he took his place at the GPO to fight in the Easter Rising.

He declared that, ‘I have lived to see the greatest hour in Irish history.’

He had spent fifteen years in an English prison prior to this and had been starved and tortured for all that time.

His wife Kathleen was one of the few people apart from the leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising who were aware of when it would begin. She was highly regarded and trusted by them all.

Kathleen Clarke

Kathleen was a lot younger than Tom when they married after he was released from prison in England.

She too had been arrested after the surrender of the Irish soldiers and was also in Kilmainham Jail when she was brought from her cell to see Tom.

They had three children and she was pregnant with their fourth child. She did not tell her husband Tom this fact when she saw him for the last time before he was shot dead.

This is the story of Tom Clarke and his wife Kathleen.

7. Tom Clarke and his wife Kathleen.

Arbour Hill Cemetery Stoneybatter
Arbour Hill Cemetery Stoneybatter | Source

Arbour Hill Memorial Park

This site contains the grave of fourteen men who were executed by the British Army after the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin. The men, women and children who fought in the 1916 Easter Rising have never been forgotten

Neither have the fourteen Irish soldiers who were executed in May 1916. Every year on the nearest Sunday to 29 April there is a memorial service at Arbour Hill Cemetery. The Arbour Hill Memorial Park in Stoneybatter Dublin 7 Ireland was visited by the President of the Untied States in 1963, John F Kennedy. It left a lasting impression on him.

The fourteen men who are buried at the Arbour Hill Memorial Park are

  • Patrick Pearse, William Pearse, James Connolly,
  • Joseph Plunkett, Sean MacDermott, Edward Daly,
  • Tom Clarke, Thomas MacDonagh, Michael O'Hanrahan,
  • John McBride, Eamonn Ceannt, Michael Mallin,
  • Con Colbert and Sean Heuston

Their battle was lost but the Irish War of Independence continued and freedom for Ireland was finally won.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • viking305 profile imageAUTHOR

      L M Reid 

      4 years ago from Ireland

      Thank you Maggi you are correct I have changed the name in the article.

      Thanks for taking the time to leave a comment

    • profile image

      Maggi Connolly@gmail.com 

      5 years ago

      Your have made an error. James Connolly's daughters were called Nora and INA not Ita.

    • viking305 profile imageAUTHOR

      L M Reid 

      5 years ago from Ireland

      When the men were executed and their bodies dumped in the mass grave the purpose was to have them hidden and forgotten by the world.

      It had the opposite effect and a fitting tribute and memorial was built around the grave. Their fight is celebrated every year by the Irish people in April.

      Thank you all for taking the time to leave a comment,it is much appreciated.

    • Phyllis Doyle profile image

      Phyllis Doyle Burns 

      6 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

      My gosh, Viking - this is so well-written and so much appreciated for one who has ancestry in Ireland. It is so heart breaking to read about the executions and mass grave, but I do want to read the whole series. How honorable and dedicated to Ireland's freedom those men were. It is so heart warming to know how much they are honored and remembered. Thank you for writing these hubs. You have put so much time into this project and it is very admirable. Thank you.

    • itakins profile image

      itakins 

      7 years ago from Irl

      Ah memories of history classes and a visit to Kilmainham gaol.We have much to thank these people for-let's hope we don't throw it all away.....!

    • LeanMan profile image

      Tony 

      7 years ago from At the Gemba

      I have enjoyed all of your hubs on Irish history and have learned a huge amount that I had never know before.

    • shazwellyn profile image

      shazwellyn 

      7 years ago from Great Britain

      How sad - Kathleen Clarke! Her poor husband, Tom, had no knowledge of their fourth child!

      Why cant we all just have peace and live life with love?! I will have to take a look at your series and get a bit more educated. Thanks for these useful links to your other articles. :)

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)