ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

5 Beautiful Santiago Calatrava Structures

Updated on January 13, 2016
Santiago Calatrava.
Santiago Calatrava. | Source

Santiago Calatrava Valls is a Spanish achitect, structural engineer and sculptor. He was born in 1951, in the Valencia region of Spain, where he studied architecture at the Polytechnic University of Valencia. After that Calatrava started studying civil engineering at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich, Switzerland, leading to a doctoral thesis, finally starting his architecture and engineering practice in 1981.

Designing mainly bridges and train stations in his early career, the Spanish architect took over more and more diverse project, his designs elevating the status of civil engineering works to the form of art.

Jerusalem Chords Bridge.
Jerusalem Chords Bridge. | Source

Jerusalem Chords Bridge

The Jerusalem Chords Bridge is a cantilever spar cable-stayed bridge situated in Jerusalem, Israel, used for the light rail system that also includes a pedestrian glass side.

Designed to make a visual statement over the western entrance of the city the bridge resembles a tent in the desert, or according to Calatrava, King David's harp, with the cables as the strings.

Elegance in simplicity is what defines this work of art, it's imposing stature making a grandiose entrance in the new era of Jerusalem's modern design.

Liège-Guillemins Railway Station

Designed to be airy and light, the steel canopy with it's vaulted glass makes no use of facades, relying on the roof to shelter and give it character. A masterpiece of planning and functionality the facility makes use of several pedestrian bridges to connect the once separated parts of Liege, the railways that once did it now being integrated as nine tracks and five platforms under the massive 145 m canopy.

The station is one of the 3 Belgian train stations that are include in the high-speed rail network, being used by 15 000 people every day, trains being available to all major Belgian cities as well as European cities like Paris or Frankfurt.

Liège-Guillemins Railway Station.
Liège-Guillemins Railway Station. | Source
Milwaukee Art Museum.
Milwaukee Art Museum. | Source

Quadracci Pavilion (Milwaukee Art Museum)

The Quadracci Pavilion one of three buildings of The Milwaukee Art Museum located on Lake Michigan in Milwaukee, Wisconsin which houses over 30 000 works of art and is opened to more than 350 000 visitors a year.

The entrance hall of the pavilion, Windhover Hall, represents a postmodern interpretation of a Gothic cathedral, making use of elements such as a central nave, flying buttresses, pointed arches and ribbed vaults.

La piece de resistance is the Burke Brise Soleil, a structure consisting of 72 movable steel fins that act as a sunscreen. Fully automated, the 90 tons brise soleil move according to the sun and in situations of high winds closes, taking a duration of 3.5 minutes to go from opened to closed.

Turning Torso.
Turning Torso. | Source

Turning Torso

The Turning Torso is the tallest skyscraper in the Nordic countries, located in Malmö, Sweden. Consisting of nine five-storey segments twisted one relative to the other, the design was inspired from one of Calatrava's marble sculptures called The Twisting Torso, representing the shape of a twisted human body. The highest and the lowest parts of the building are skewed 90 degrees while the exterior metallic frame gives the impression of a spine.

As the Spanish architect has showed in many other works the Turning Torso makes a clear statement, overshadowing everything around it, enhancing at the same time the beauty of a simple shape, rather than over design.

Gare de Lyon Saint-Exupéry.
Gare de Lyon Saint-Exupéry. | Source

Gare de Lyon Saint-Exupéry

This beautiful combination of concrete and steel was inspired yet again from one of Calatrava's own sculptures, the main entrance resembling a giant bird ready to take flight. This work takes also inspiration from the human body, the 500 m long platforms having the roof supported by what looks like giant men in a carrying position.

Designed with functionality in mind and with great interest in giving the travelers an easy route from the airport to the high speed train the station is unfortunately underused, passengers preferring mainly Lyon-Perrache and Lyon Part-Dieu.

Despite this the station is in itself an expression of majestic beauty, being easily considered a work of art that pleases the eye and wonders mind.



    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)