ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

ADVOCATES OF THE IDEALIST THEORY OF STATE

Updated on September 16, 2012
KANT
KANT
HEGEL
HEGEL

One of the reasons for the emergence of Nazism in Germany was the germination of the idealist conception of the state. It is also known as the philosophical, metaphysical or absolute theory of the state. It traces its origin to the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle. According to Aristotle an individual is an ‘unethical abstraction’. But it is the state which provides the necessary environment for the fullest development of human personality. Consequently state was venerated. Later idealists like Hegel, held the view “the state whether good or bad, is the march of God on earth. It is God itself. To obey the state is to obey God. The orders of the state have divine sanction. State is the divine idea as it exists on earth”. To the idealists, loyalty to the state is loyalty to our true, higher and rational self and coercion may be essential for the existence of the state.

IMMANUEL KANT

Immanuel Kant may be considered the founder of the theory if idealism. Though Kant’s greatest contribution was his approach to politics from the view of morals, he viewed any political philosophy devoid of it as meaningless. Unlike one of the ultra right of the thinkers of later period, he was not prepared to sacrifice the freedom of the individual at the alter of the state.Infact according to him, it was not the duty of the state to promote moral freedom directly. That should be done by the individual. The state’s major function should be to establish a social condition of external order in which moral acts can evolve and grow. The duty of the state should be to curb hindrances to this freedom to evolve.

HEGEL

Hegel in his book ‘the philosophy of the right elucidates that political philosophy is concerned not only with the teaching of the state ought to be but also how to understand its ethical dimension’. He believed that good life cannot be achieved in isolation but only when a person is part of a community. True freedom in such a community is possible only by the harmonious integration of the claims and obligations of the people. So a man is obligated to fulfill his duties and it should not be viewed as a restriction of his freedom. The state here is intended to create the essential condition for the full development of human personality. His views on religion were that the state should not compel the establishment of religious uniformity. In fact to him the union of state and church is characteristic of oriental despotism. Interestingly he rejected the concept of ‘laissez faire’ propagated by the physiocrats and viewed unregulated competition creating chaos rather than benefits. He held the view that the idea of laissez faire was the result of confusing the state with that of civil society. Much of Hegel’s political theory contained essential elements of Fascism, Racialism, Nationalism and glorification of leadership. This paved the way for the emergence of ultra rightist viewpoints.

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    Yes Eric, manipulators and demagogues can be real threats. But what is mystifying is how do people (intelligent people, if i may add) fall a victim to it? Thank you for your sincere comment.

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    Very true William, its quite unsettling to think, what damages can be done if some idea is hijacked by a pervert.What should worry us is that it is still possible for some one to repeat it. Do you think there is a way out? i would very much like to know your opinion. Thank you for your thoughtful comments.

  • Ericdierker profile image

    Eric Dierker 

    6 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

    Great Hub. I guess most all horrible situations begin with someone subverting a good idea to their own evil ambitions.

  • William Young profile image

    William Young 

    6 years ago from Eaglle Grove, Iowa

    That was fascinating to read. It's interesting how Hitler used a combination of the idealist conception of the state as well as feeding and fostering the humiliation that Germany suffered after World War I and the implementation of the Versailles Treaty. Hitler obviously knew what kind of monster he wanted to create, and he managed to create it by fueling the emotions of the German people with a carefully manufactured false narrative, which of course, led to the persecution of the Jewish people in Germany and Eastern Europe. Great Hub!

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)