- Education and Science
Allopathic Medicines in Our Daily Life
In today's medicinal world Allopathic medicines are getting more preference than other medicines as they are giving fast relief and easily available every where in the world. These medicines are widely used even in India where Ayurvedic and Siddha were originated from. In every medication side effects and allergies are common problems which are sometimes felt seriously by the people. It is very important to learn about the side effects of allopathic medicines. Sulpha drugs are creating allergy problems to many people and excessive use of the same may cause anaemic problem. Similarly other medicines like Paracetamol and Erythromycin Stearate will damage the liver when they are repeatedly used. So we have to avoid the prolonged use of such medicines. Severe skin allergies can be cured by the addition of Hydroxyzine Hydrochloride 25 mg I.P ( Atarax ). And most of the antibiotic medicines will work well when they are combined with anti-allergic medicines (cetirizine Hydrochloride and chlorpheniramine maleate ) and anti cold medicines like ( phenyl propanolamine and chlorheniramin maleate ) to cure cold condition of our body.
Different Groups of Allopathic Medicines
Allopathic medicines are classified into different groups according to their properties and uses. They are as follows.
Antibiotics, Antacids, Enzymes, Anti-gas Medicines, Wormicides, Vitamins, Mineral Compounds, Aminoacids, Steroid Medicines, Medicines for the External uses, Anti-allergic Medicines and Antihistamines, Anti-hypertensive Medicines, Diabetic Medicines, Antidiarrheal Medicines, Laxatives, Anti cold and Cough Medicines, Antiepileptic Medicines, Anti-spasmodic medicines, Antipyretics, Analgesic Medicines, Antivomiting Medicines, Antiulcer Medicines, Haematinic Medicines, Tranquillizers, Medicines for Guddines
Antibiotics are medicines which arrest the growth of bacteria or fungi in the human body. Usually they are available in various forms such as dispersible tablets, capsules, syrups, drops, injections and dry syrups. Penicillin had been widely used antibiotics in early days.It is produced from fungi called Penicillium and similarly Streptomycin is produced from another type of fungi called Streptomyces. Nowadays large number of varieties of antibiotics have been used in the medical world.
Amoxycillin, Ampicillin, Cefadroxyl, Cephalexin, Cloxacillin, Tetracycline, Gentamycin, Erythromycin Stearate, Sulphamethoxazole, Trimethoprim, Norfloxacin, Ofloxacin, Cefixime, Cefpodoxime Prexetil, Gatifloxacin, Rifampicin, Isoniazid and Metronidazole are some of the antibiotics widely used in the allopathic world.
Most of the antibiotics are combined with anti-allergic medicines like cetirizine Hydrochloride and chlorpheniramine maleate to get good result and to ensure our safety. Ampicillin and Amoxycillin are combined with Cloxacillin to get more effect when they are taken for curing bacterial infections. Amoxycillin and Ampicillin are commonly available in the strength of 250 mg and 500 mg. It is advisable to take lower strength of antibiotics to ensure our basic immunity power. Sulphamethoxazole , Trimthoprim and Norfloxacin are effective in controlling the urinary tract infections. Many people will get allergic problem with sulpha drugs, so we should be very careful when we use them. Rifampicin and Isoniazid are effective in controlling Tuberculosis caused by myco bacteria.
Norfloxacin 400 mg I.P is added with Ibuprofen 200 mg I.P, Cetirizine Hydrochloride 10mg I.P and mild dose of vitamin tablet to get rid of urinary irritations.
Erythromycin Stearate 250 mg I.P is combined with Cetirizine Hydrochloride 10 mg I.P and any analgesic medicine like Paracetamol 500 mg I.P or Nimesulide 100 mg I.P to find relief from throat infections.
Tetracycline 250 mg I.P and Nimesulide 100 mg I.P are finding good result for severe tooth ache.
To healing wounds Cephalexin 250 mg I.P or Ampicillin 250 mg I.P are combined with Ibuprofen 200 mg I.P and mild dose of Vitamin B complex.
Antibiotics are also available in injection forms. They are used in various strengths according to the health conditions of patient.
Antacids are used to neutralize excess acid in the stomach. Over eating, improper and missing diets are some reasons for the secretion of excess acid in the stomach. Heart burns,Gastric problems and Peptic ulcers can be controlled by the intake of antacids. Dried Aluminium Hydroxide and Magnesium Hydroxide are used as antacids. They are available in both tablet and gel form.
These are working against gas. Phazyme and Simethicone are some of the important medicines which are working against gas. Phazyme is mouth dissolvent and quickly work against gas whereas Simethicone is available in both chewable tablet and gel form.
These are the protein molecules which are naturally secreted from the pancreas to digest food. Pepsin I.P (1:3000 ), Alpha Amylase I.P ( 1:2000 ) are some of the important enyzmes needed by our digestive system. These are available in both capsule and liquid form. Lack of appetite, gastric problems and indigestion need Enzymes.
Mebendazole and Albendazole are important wormicides used in the Allopathic medication. Mebendazole is used to overcome Amebiasis and Albendazole is effective in vanishing worms found in our bowl and stomach. Albendazole is available in both chewable and liquid form. The people who are interested on nonvegetarian food items need to use it to avoid worm problems. Loss of weight, lack of appetite and anal itching are some of the symptoms of worm infections.
Vitamins are very important for the essential acitivities of our body. Vitamin A, Vitamin B complex ( B1, B2, B6, B12 ), Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and Vitamin K are some of the important vitamins used in the Allopathic medication. Generally Vitamins are available in the form of capsules, tablets, syrups and injections. They are used either separately or in mixed form.
Vitamin A, also called as retinol, is a growth promoting and anti-infectant vitamin. It is naturally available in carrot, cabbage, grapes, fishes and codliver oil. It is available in tablet and liquid form. Vitamin A increases appetite and sexual desire. Sight problem, skin problem, body weakness and nervous complaint can be prevented by the addition of Vitamin A.
Vitamin B complex are neurotrophic vitamins which are essential for the health of our body. All of them are increasing appetite. Vitamin B1 ( Thiamine Mononitrate ) and Vitamin B2 ( Riboflavine ) are used in the treatment of mouth ulcers.
Vitamin B6 ( Pyridoxine Hydrochloride ) is taken for general health and good natural sleep.
Vitamin B12 ( Cyanocobalamine ) is obtained from animal part and used for having good body health and widely used in injection form.
Vitamin C ( Ascorbic acid ) is naturally found in citrus fruits, vegetables and spices like pepper. It is useful to get rid of Scurvy disease. It increases appetite and being an anti-oxidant keeps the health of skin and provides the young looking.
Vitamin D is produced naturally in the body in the presence of evening sunshine and it is helpful to the growth of bones.
Vitamin E ( Tocopheryl Acetate ) is, important for sexual and skin health , naturally available in Badam nuts.
Vitamin K is needed for the blood clotting in case of severe wounds and thus helps to avoid the loss of blood.
Variety of minerals are used in the medicinal world. Ferrous Gluconate, Calcium Carbonate, Magnesium Oxide, Manganese Sulphate, Copper Sulphate, Zinc Sulphate, Sodium Borate, Sodium Molybdate are some of them. Calcium Carbonate is used for the growth of the bones. Ferrous Gluconate is used to overcome anaemic problem and it is combined with other minerlas and vitamins when in use. Zinc Sulphate is also very important for the health and it induces sexual desire and increases immunity power.
Sodium Chloride, Potassium Chloride and Sodium Nitrate are used to prepare salt mixture to overcome tiredness and dehydration because of diarrhea. Excess loss of minerals can be adjusted by the addition of these salt mixture dissolving in the ratio of 4.2 gm / 200 ml of water.
Sodium Chloride and Dextrose are used to prepare saline water for injection through viens.
These are essential nutrients found in protein and act as intermediates in metabolism. There are about 20 varieties of Amino acids in the medical science. Unlike fat and starch these acids can not be stored by our body for longer use. It is necessary to take enough amino acids in our life. Alanine, Asparagine, Aspartic acid, Glutamic acid, Glutamine, Glycine, Proline, Serine, Cysterine and Tyrosine are some of the medically produced amino acids. The young people require amino acid called Arginine.
Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalamine, Threonine, Tryptophan and Valine are required amino acids in our daily food. Amino acids are essential for our nervous system. They increase our memory power, general health and appetite.
Salbutamol, Betamethasone, Theophylline and Dexamethasone are some of the Steroid Medicines. These are the medicines with anti-inflammatory effects. They can reduce inflammative conditions such as redness, swelling and soreness. They are also helpful for many conditions such as asthma and arthritis. They come in pills, sprays, creams and ointments. The creams and ointments of steroids are applied on skin to get rid of eczema and cotact dermatitis. The side effects of Steroid medicines are weakening bones, thinning of skin and increasing blood sugar level. They also affect liver when excessively used. When Salbutamol ( Asthalin Inhaler ) inhaled it is very important to have self control in dosage. When it crosses the limit our heart may be affected by the serious problem of misfunction.
Medicines for the external uses
Allopathic medicines are getting unique importance in healing wounds and inflammatives. There are many antibiotic creams and powders for the externnal treatment. Neomycin, Silver Sulfadiazone with Chlorhexidine Gluconate and Povidone-iodine are powerful oinments for healing wounds. Of which Silver Sulfadiazine can be applied for both fire burns and wounds.
Betamethasone combined with Neomycin, Gentamycin, Miconozole and Beclomethasone Dippropionate combined with Gentamycin Sulphate are some steroid creams to overcome skin inflammations and diseases. Skin irritations and inflammations throughout the body can be controlled by the application of Lindane lotion. Calamine and Diphenhydramine lotion is useful to overcome the skin irritations due to sunburns, prickely heat and insect bites.
Diclofenac Diethylamine and Diclofenac Sodium are effective in body and joint pain relief. Methyl salicylate is also combined with above said two compounds to have effective treatment. Icthammol Glycerine is also applied to get relief from pain at a particular point of our body.
Clotrimazole, Beclomethasone Dipropionate, Gentamycin Sulphate, Iodochlorhydroxyquinoline, Chlorocresol, Benzyl Alcohol, Methyl paraben and Propyl barapen are some of the medicines used in the manufacturing of Skin creams to get rid of skin infections.
The mixture of Cindamycin Phosphate USP, Sodium Methylparaben I.P and Sodium Propylparaben I.P ( Erytop ) is effective in controlling pimples and acne. Face wash before the application of above said face cream will be useful to have good result.
Anti-allergic Medicines and Antihistamies
These are used for relieving from allergic conditions. Allergy is a reaction of our immune system in response our body's cotact with allergy making things called allergens. The allergens are not really harmful to all people. Naturally our immune system, only in particular cases, wrongly decides that they are harmful. Anti-allergic drugs include cetirizine hydrochloride, chlorpheniramine maleate,decongestant, antihistamines, antiflamatory agents, anti-leukotrienes. These anti-allergy medicines can be consumed in the form of tablets, syrups, powder and drops. When consumed these anti-allergic medicines support the immune system and improve its overall resistance against allergens. Antihistamines are medicines that help stop allergy symptoms such as itchy eyes, sneezy and runny nose. Sometimes itchy rashes may also be helped by an antihistamine. Drowsiness, dry mouth and blurry vision are some of the side effects of antihistamines. When taken it is better to avoid driving, riding and machinery operations.
Amlodipine, Nifedipine, Atenolol, Reserpine are some of the medicines used for hypertensive condition. These medicines block the transport of calcium into the smooth cells lining the coronary arteries and other arteries of the body. Since calcium is important in muscle contraction, blocking of calcium transport relaxes artery muscles. So these medicines are helpful to cure chest pain called as Angina. Dizziness, muscle and stomach pain and head ache are some of the side effects of these medicines.
Diabetes is caused by the lack of secretion of harmone called Insulin from pancreas. The harmone insulin converts the sugar, starch and glucose available in our body to energy. The lack of insulin in our body result into the discharge of sugar through urine and a considerable rise in blood sugar level. Some of the medicines taken for diabetes are as follows.
Sulfonylureas group of medicines help the body to make more or required insulin. Some examples of sulfonylureas are Acetohexamide, Chlorpropamide, Glipizide and Glyburide.
Metformin helps control sugar in a couple of ways. It helps body use insulin better. It helps to make less sugar by reducing the amount of sugar that the body absorbs from food.
Meglitinides help the body to make more insulin. Nateglinide and Repaglinide are some of them usually taken with meals.
Thiazolidinediones help the body use insulin better alike Meformin and also helpful to produce less sugar when the food taken. Pioglitazone and Rosiglitazone are some ofthis group.
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors help the body absorb sugar more slowly and keep the level of the sugar in normal. These are taken every time after the meals. Acarbose and Mizitol are two kinds of medicines in this group.
Glibenclamide ( Daonil, Euglucon )
It is available in pills form in 5 mg strength. Commonly prescribed for the initial stage of Diabetes. Side effects are nausea and allergic reactions. This medicine should be avoided in case of severe dysfunction of liver and kidney, pregnancy and breast feeding. Glibenclamide in 2.5 mg is combined with Metformin Hydrochloride in 400 mg in strength to get effective result in sugar result.
Diarrhea is usually caused by the intake of contaminated food or drink with bacteria,virus and parasites. Indigestion also will become the reason for the diarrhea. Loperamide 2 mg I.P is commonly used to overcome the condition. Quinodochlor tablets ( Enteroquinol ) is the other one to control diarrhea. Metroindazole 200 mg or in 400 mg is added with anti-diarrheals to have quick arrest of diarrhea. To get relief from stomach pain Dicylomine Hydrochloride 100 mg I.P is added.
These are the medicines for the condition of constipation. Mostly needed by the sick and old people. These should be used only in the unavoidable condition. One should not get addicted with these medicines. To correct motion in the natural way we need only vitamins and aminoacids.
Bisacodyl 5 mg I.P in tablet form is useful for the treatment. Liquid Paraffin and Milk of Magnesia are other liquid forms of laxatives.
Anticold and cough medicines
Chlorpheniramine maleate, Ammonium Chloride and Sodium Citrate are the effective formula to control cough. Sometimes Chlorpheniramine maleate is replaced by Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride to get another formula. Both Chlorpheniramine maleate and Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride are giving sadation to the consumers. Dextromethorphan Hydrochloride, Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride and Triprolidine Hydrochloride are other mostly used things for cough formula. To over come dry irritating cough Guaiphenesin is combined with Salbutamol Sulphate. The combination of Codeine phosphate 10 mg I.P and Chlorpheniramine maleate 4 mg I.P in syrup form is finding nice result in controlling dry cough. Tebutaline Sulphate and Bromhexine Hydrochloride are also used to control cough problem in the allopathic medication.
It's not a disease but a sign of problem in the brain which is causing a disruption in the brain's normal electrical activity. It may occur in any age in either sex. The condition is called as 'fits'. Phenobarbitone (30 mg or 60 mg ) I.P ( Gardinol ), Sodium Valporate 200 mg I.P ( Valparin ), Carbamazepine 200 mg I.P, ( Tegrittol ) Pentoxifylline B.P 400 ( Trental ) mg are some of the antiepileptic medicines.
Dicyclomine Hydrochloride 100 mg I.P ( Cyclopam ), Hyoscine Butylbromide 10 mg I.P ( Buscopan ), Chlordiazepoxide 10 mg I.P ( Librax ) are used for the stomach pain. Of which Dicyclomine Hydrochloride 100 mg I.P is combined with Nimesulide 100 mg I.P and mild dose of B complex vitamin to control mensural pains for ladies.
These are body temperature reducing medicines in case of high fever. Paracetamol, Mefenamic acid, Nimusulide are some of the common antipyretics used in the allopathic world. These things work well when taken along with warm water. The overdose of paracetamol and nimesulide is susceptible to make liver and kidney problems respectively. However the adequate water drinking will be helpful to avoid such risks.
These are all body painkiller medicines. Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Nimusulide, Mefenamic acid, Diclofenac Sodium, Diclofenac Potassium, Serapeptidase, Aceclofenac and Chlorzoxazone are some of the important painkillers. These medicines are usually combined with neurotrophic vitamins, B complex, to have better result. Paracetamol suits well for head aches, Nimesulide for tooth ache and body pain. Diclofenac Sodium and Serapeptidase for total body pain. Diclofenac Potassium and Chlorzoxazone are given for arthritis.
Some people may be suffering from vomiting during their travelling time. Promethazine Theoclate 25 mg I.P ( Avomine ) is used to overcome vomiting problem during the travel Vomiting accompanied with fever can be cured by the intake of Metoclopramide 10 mg I.P, Nimesulide 100 mg I.P and Ibuprofen + Paracetamol tablets. Domperidone 10 mg is also taken instead of Metoclopramide to cure vomiting.
Excess acid secreted because of over eating and missing of diets in correct time are the main reasons for ulcer problems. Indigestion associated with gas and heart burns is called as gastric ulcer. This condition is managed with antacid gel and Ranitidine 150 mg I.P tablet. When the damages are found in the linings of stomach and small intestines because of the acidity the condition will be called as peptic ulcer. Omeprazole 20 mg I.P or Rabiprazole 20 mg I.P or Pantoprazole 40 mg I.P or Lanzaprazole 30 mg I.P are accompanied with antacid and ranitidine tablets to get relief from peptic ulcer.
Medicines for Giddiness
Prochlorperazine Maleate 5 mg I.P, Betahistine Dihydrochloride 8 mg I.P ( Vertin ), Cinnarizine 25 mg I.P ( Vertigon ) are used to over come guddiness problems.
Tranquillizers are the medicines which induce or bring the sleeping condition of the body. Diazepam 5 or 10 mg I.P, Nitrosum 5 or 10 mg I.P and Alprazolam 0.25 mg or 0.5 mg or 1 mg I.P are some of the tranquillizers used in the allopathic medication. These medicines should be never taken with liquors as the presence of liquors in our body will send 10 to 15 times greater than the normal sleeping pulses sent to brain by these medicines.
These are helpful to increase Haemoglobin level of blood in our body. 'Haem' refers iron and 'globin' refers protein part of the blood. These medicines are containing iron compounds such as Ferrous Gluconate, Ferric Ammonium Citrate and Iron Choline Citrate with Protein Hydrolysate, vitamin C and vitamin B complex. The Haematinic Medicines are available in the form of capsules,tablets and syrups.