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AP Biology Review Questions Cell Structure and Function

Updated on March 15, 2013

Cell Structure



  1. Chlorophyll
  2. Cytoplasm
  3. Chromosomes
  4. Nuclear pore
  5. Mitochondria
  6. Genes
  7. Lysosome
  8. Ribosomes
  9. Centioles
  10. Nucleus
  11. Chloroplasts
  12. Mitochondria
  13. Nuclear membrane
  14. Endoplasmic reticulum
  15. Cell wall
  16. Vacuole
  17. Nucleolus
  18. Chloroplast
  19. Cell (Plasma membrane)
  20. Plastid

Questions: Name the following

  1. Traps light and is used to produce food for plants
  2. Jelly like substances within the cell
  3. Contains code which guide all cell activities
  4. Minute hole in nuclear membrane
  5. Powerhouse of the cell
  6. Units of hereditary
  7. Digestion centre
  8. Site where proteins are made
  9. Structure involved in mitosis in animal cells only
  10. Chromosomes are found here
  11. Traps solar energy
  12. Production of ATP
  13. Holds nucleus together
  14. Surface for chemical activity
  15. Shape and supports a plant cell
  16. Contained water and dissolved minerals
  17. Spherical body within nucleus
  18. Stores food and contains pigments
  19. Controls entry of substances into and out of cell
  20. Food for plant cells is made here


  1. Nucleus
  2. Nucleus
  3. Plastids
  4. Centrosome
  5. Nucleus
  6. Cellulose
  7. Centrosome
  8. Respiration
  9. Xanthophyll
  10. Centrosome

Set-II : Very Short Answer Type

  1. The cell organelle that holds the key to the life of the cell.
  2. The cell organelle concerned with transmission of hereditary characters from parents to offspring
  3. Any structure other than the cell wall, which is found only in plant cells.
  4. A cytoplasmic organelle found only in an animal cell
  5. The organelle most vital for the survival of a cell
  6. The kind of carbohydrate particularly found in the plant cell wall
  7. The structure that initiates cell division in animal cells.
  8. The process by which living organisms obtain energy for their life activities
  9. The plastids found in the cells of yellow colored petals
  10. Any one structure found only in animal cells.


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