ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Arya Samaj : Socio – Religious Movement in Colonial India

Updated on December 27, 2013
icv profile image

IRSHAD. CV has completed graduation. History was one of his optional course. He is interested in Indian history.

INTRODUCTION

Arya Samaj was one of the famous socio – religious movement in India in the second half of the 19th century. The Arya Samaj founded in 1875. during this era, was a stage of freedom struggle. In this period many reforms and revolts were conducted against British domination on India. The major cause for the foundation of Arya Samaj was the impact of British rule. Along with the British policy, they tried to modernize India through introducing modern form of education in India. At the same time Arya Samaj denied British policy and focused on traditional knowledge.

ARYA SAMAJ & DAYANAND SARASVATHI

Arya Samaj considered as one of the social – religious reforms or movements in colonial India during the period of second half of the 19th century. Arya Samaj founded in1875 by Mulshanker (1824 – 83), he popularly known as Swami Dayanad Saraswathi. His father was very expert in Hindu religion and its scriptures. It enabled Mulshanker to learn religious thoughts at very yearly time of his life. His family was a Brahmin family. Further he was very expert in Yoga practices.

The Arya Samaj established at Bombay, later this headquarters changed in to Lahore. Since Dayanand Saraswathi educated traditionally, he hardly believed in Vedas and scriptures and rejected western thoughts and ideas introduced by British. So, most of the followers of the movement were traditionally educated persons. Bit later they supported modern education.

Dayanand Saraswathi advocated his followers to go back to traditional Indian culture, Vedas and scriptures. Because he believed that, Vedas provides all knowledge about past, present, and future. He opposed against the alterations in Vedas by some persons. He wrote a book ‘Sathyartha Prakash’ ( The True exposition), it considered as the book of Arya Samaj. But unfortunately the book banned by the British government. By ‘go back to Vedas’ he believed it will help Indian to ensure nationalism.

Moreover, he was also against many other social evils practiced in Indian society like child marriage, widow remarriage, caste system, idol worship, untouchability among people on the basis of color and caste, women discrimination, Brahmin domination in the Hindu society etc. The Arya Samaj worked for the gender equality and was against the male domination in the society.

ARYA SAMAJ AND EDUCATION

From the beginning stage of Arya Samaj, they acted against the introduction of modern form of education by the British. Because almost all the followers of the Arya Samaj movement were educated traditionally. But later they understand the importance of modern education and they advocated for that. And they argued for education for all irrespective of caste, gender, color etc. As a part of educational activities they started schools and colleges (Dayanand Anglo Vedic Schools and Colleges) at Lahore in 1886. along with learning modern education they argued to teach the western thoughts and ideas with special reference of Vedas. Since they believed and argued for traditional living they were not allowed co-education as practiced traditionally.

Arya Samaj was a great energy to the Hindu society. The movement enable them to acquire self confidence and self reliance. When compared Arya Samaj movement with other movements, it created a wide impact in India, since the activities of the movement was not constrained in a small area, but arrived throughout India, especially northern Indian states. The movement actively reached at Punjab, Hariyana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan etc.

Another sub movement of Arya Samaj was ‘Shudhi Movement’. Shudhi Movement’ means conversion of non-Hindus in to Hinduism. The main slogan of Dayanand Saraswathi was ‘ India fr the Indians’. Along with Dayanad Saraswathi the movement produced many other leaders like Lala Hans Raj, Pandit Guru Datt and Lala Lajpat Rai. But gradually the movement lost its popularity. The main reason for the losing of it’s popularity was the movement argued highly for traditional things.

CONCLUSION

In short Arya Samaj movement was one of the popular movement arose in India during the second half of the 19th century. The movement help Indians to boost their confidence and provided energy to argue against colonial powers.


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • icv profile imageAUTHOR

      icv 

      3 years ago

      Thanks Dr Pran Rangan for readimg and leaving your valuable comment

    • Dr Pran Rangan profile image

      Dr Pran Rangan 

      3 years ago from Kanpur (UP), India

      Thanks for a good hub about Arya Samaj. I hope that we will interact more in future through hubs.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)