ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

About Early Passenger Aircraft

Updated on September 5, 2014
Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3 | Source

Sitting in the Bomb Bay

The modern airliner is descended from a long line of distinguished ancestors, eight of which are presented on this page, in the colors of the airlines that flew them (the dates denote the year that the planes were first put into service). The first airliners, which began flying in 1919, were not surprisingly modified bombers. While few planes before World War I had been capable of carrying more than two persons along with the pilot, the War produced bombers with a potential passenger capacity of up to half a dozen. The passengers sat either in converted bomb bays or in open cockpits that once held machine guns. When commercial passenger aircraft began to appear in late 1919, they resembled the closed-cabin type of modified bomber.

Source

Farman F.60 Goliath

Conceived as a bomber, France's twin-engined Goliath carried a dozen passengers in its cabin, white the pilot sat in an open-air cockpit underneath the upper wing.

From sticks and string

These rudimentary airliners were of the so called stick-and-string construction—wooden, wire-braced biplanes covered with fabric. That basic form, powered by anywhere from one to four engines, endured through most of the 1920s. Although the carrying capacity of airliners doubled in that period, their range increased only slightly and cruising speed remained about 100 miles per hour.

Source

Fokker F.VII

With a range of 700 miles, the single-engined, high-winged Fokker F.VII and it"s trimotor successors captured the European market for long-distance transport planes.

Metal Skin

Metal replaced wood in the frameworks of airliners in the late 1920s. But the real breakthrough in design came in 1933, with the introduction by American builders of the light alloy, cantilever monoplane that culminated in the DC-3. With stressed metal skin, smooth engine cowlings, wing flaps, variable pitch propellers and retractable landing gear, these planes set a pattern that would endure for 25 years. Airliners would gradually become bigger and faster, but until the arrival of the sweptwing jet, they would remain in their basic features remarkably like the DC-3.

Source

Tin Goose - Ford Trimotor

Henry Fords all-metal Tin Goose was famed for its toughness and its ability to land with big loads in extremely small fields. It was used for nearly a decade by every major airline in the United States.

Source

Sikorsky S-38

The first of the great amphibious planes, the fragile-looking but rugged S-38 had excellent climbing power and a unique wing-and-tail structure that was attached to the fuselage by connecting struts.

Handley Page biplane

Slow and majestic, the big Handley Page biplane set new standards of safety and comfort, including the first sound-insulating passenger compartments.

Handley Page H.P.42 Hanno

Source
British European Airways at Manchester
British European Airways at Manchester | Source

Junkers Ju 52

With its angled lines, the Ju 52/3m was the last example of "tin box" aerodynamic design. Virtually indestructible, it was the workhorse of the Luftwaffe in World War II.

Boeing 247

With their stressed-skin fuselages and retractable landing gear, the planes of Boeing's revolutionary 247 series were the first of the modem airliners.

For the first time passengers could fly across the US without changing aircraft or stopping overnight.


Yes, that says 85 hrs

Source

Have you flown in a DC-3?

See results

Douglas DC-3

The DC-3, the most widely used passenger aircraft of its era, incorporated the snub-nosed prow and swept-back wings that would characterize most airliners for decades to come. Its wing flaps reduced landing speed to a safe and comfortable 64 mph.

Still many flying today - DC-3

Source

The DC-3 The Plane That Changed The World

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • David Paul Wagner profile image

      David Paul Wagner 

      4 years ago from Sydney, Australia

      A wonderful hub. I enjoyed watching "The DC-3: The Plane That Changed The World". One of the great aviators of the 1920s was the Australian, Charles Kingsford Smith. In 1928 he, together with another great Australian aviator Charles Ulm and two American crewmen, Harry Lyon and Jim Warner, flew a Fokker F.VII/3m monoplane (known as the "Southern Cross") from Oakland, California to Brisbane, Australia. The crossing took 83 hours, 38 minutes of flying time. It was the first trans-Pacific flight. My father loved recounting his memories of being part of a large crowd in June 1928 welcoming the "Southern Cross" and its crew at Sydney's Mascot Aerodrome after their successful flight across the Pacific.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)