- Education and Science
Language and the cradle of humankind: linquistic evidence of constant intermingling for many centuries
All human beings once shared the similar words
Several words in English have cognates in African languages. We can go either of two ways. In the first instance, which requires the least energy, we can attribute this to mere chance. Alternatively, we can take the stand that all human beings have a common origin and these words are the vestiges of the ancient mother tongue. Since I only have working knowledge of a few African languages, notably from East Africa, they are the only ones I will rely on. Take the French word Tante for Auntie as an example. In the Kikuyu language, we say Tata for auntie. Very close, but one word can get us into a lot of trouble with academicians, especially linguists. Let us try a word that can be explored much further that.
Interesting facts about the word Mother
In an article in the Daily Nation of 2nd June 2012, veteran writer, Philip Ochieng traces the word Mer for mother in French to Latin, back to the Etruscans and ultimately back to the Nile valley where variants of the word are still used to mean mother including in the Dholuo language, in which, according to Ochieng, the word has survived as Omera. I would like to add that Mother in English and Mater in German must consequently trace their roots to Mut in Egypt. Mut is a variant of the word Maitu that the Kikuyu still use to mean mother. Mut was the goddess of truth and Justice in Ancient Egypt. We can find this in the word Maitu when we do a deconstruction.Truth is called ‘Ma’ in Kikuyu. Itu means ours. It would seem that in that Kikuyu is derived from a monosyllabic proto-language. The complete word ‘Maitu,’ therefore meant ‘our truth’ in perfect grammar. This was probably a tribute to mothers in an era when women were held in reverence as living embodiment of the Goddess Mut. The word ultimately found its way to European languages in the same route that Philip has Identified – along the Nile valley to the delta and onward to Greece and Rome and finally, from Latin, diffused into several European languages.
The Kikuyu and English share yet another word-root – the word for Earth. The word Earth must also have its roots in the Nile valley.The ground is called thi in Kikuyu. This Kikuyu word also means the ground that is the opposite of sky. In their migration, the Kikuyu claim that they bought land from the Athi – owners of the land. Arthi in Swahili means land. Clearly there is a strong link between Earth and land and ground. I leave the investigation to linguists for the real etymology of Earth, but it has to go further back than Latin.
What about the word son in English? Is it derived from the sun? I think so. In ancient Egypt, a pharaoh was a ‘son of the sun.’ Pharaohs themselves were representatives of the sun-god Ra on earth. I have come to the conclusion that the Kikuyu word for son – Mũriũ, was originally Mũriũwa. Mũ is a prefix to personify an object. Riũwa is the sun. It makes more sense to have said Muriuwa – Human sun. Wouldn’t a human sun be a son of the sun? Since the Kikuyu are no longer sun worshipers,they have abbreviated Mũriũwa to Mũriũ and the original meaning has been lost (well until today).
A look at the etymology of the word Stonehenge for that stone monument in Britain reveals that the Henge signified a rock. A museum site in Kenya with ancient stone structures is called Thim Lich Ohinga. Note the last word in that name – Ohinga. I am made to understand that in the Dholuo language, Ohinga signifies stone. Henges and Ohinga are semantically linked, what linguists might call cognates. A certain rocky island on Lake Victoria that is being claimed by both Uganda and Kenya is called Migingo, and I suspect that Migingo is linked to Ohinga – stone. The coincidence does not end there. In the Kikuyu language, a stone is known as an Ihiga – many are mahiga. Incidentally, Stonehenge, just like Thim Lich Ohinga, has been linked to sun worship.
Is it mere coincidence that Henges, Ohinga, Mahiga and Migingo share the semantic field of stone? To many, the likelihood that a Germanic language might remotely share a root with a Bantu or Nilotic languages of Africa is remote. I prefer the proposition that human beings are more intricately linked, beginning with a common nuclear family in East Africa followed by sporadic contacts over thousands of years in back and forth migrations up and down the Nile and across the five continents.
As a parting short, think of the English word Nose for that scent sensing appendage on the face. the word for picking up a scent in Swahili is Nusa! In Kunta Kinte's language from West Africa, a nose is called Nungo. In Kikuyu to pick up a scent is Nungira and a smell is mũnungo.
If Nose, Nusa, Nungo and Mũnungo are not historically linked, well, I guess it's just a big coincidence.
An interesting hub about henges and the Kikuyu
- Stonehenge monument and the Kikuyu
The technology to transport and arrange the stones of the Stonehenge monument was from Africa, in Ancient Egypt.