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Facts about Aloe Vera - Description and Uses

Updated on July 22, 2017

Aloe is a genus of 500 species of flowering succulent plants. They are found in South Africa’s Cape Province, the mountains of tropical Africa and neighboring areas such as Madagascar, the Arabian Peninsula and the island of Africa.

Aloe Vera is a medicinal herb. It has been used since ancient times and can be traced back to 6000 years ago.

Description of Aloe vera

Aloe vera is a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the Liliaceae family. It has succulent leaves with a short, thick stem. This plant can grow up to a height of 1 meter.

The leaves of the Aloe vera plant are arranged in the form of a rosette around the stem. The leaves have serrated margins with small teeth at the edges. The leaves are dotted with white spots.

The flowers of the Aloe vera plant are pendulous, yellow in color and arranged in the form of a spike-like an inflorescence that can grow to a height of 90 cm.

Flowers of Aloe vera
Flowers of Aloe vera | Source

Aloe Vera Gel

The leaf of Aloe vera contains a clear gel like liquid that is often used as a topical ointment to heal the skin. The green part of the leaf that surrounds the gel can be used to produce juice or a dried powder.

The gel of Aloe vera contains vitamins and nutrients that nourish the skin. It shields the skin from harmful UV radiations of the sun. It has antiviral, anti-fungal and antiseptic properties. It also contains antioxidants that help to keep the skin healthy.

Aloe vera is used in many cosmetic products.

Uses & Benefits of Aloe vera

Aloe vera is widely used in skin care products. It moisturizes, smooths and hydrates the skin. It accelerates the growth of new skin cells and slows down the aging process. It prevents wrinkles from appearing on the skin and boosts the production of collagen.

Aloe vera is used in many beauty products. It is used in soaps, shampoos, sunscreens, moisturizers, facial creams, under eye cream, lip balm, etc.

Aloe vera shampoo is effective as a moisturizer for dry scalp. It also prevents hair loss and gives a glossy texture to the hair.

Aloe vera lotion is rich in antioxidants that repair skin cells and helps to rejuvenate the skin. Aloe vera gel has antibacterial properties that help to heal wounds, kill bacterial infections, and soothe the skin.

It is externally used to treat sunburns, boils, skin rashes, and irritations. It is also used internally to cure many ailments of the body.

Aloe vera gel also helps to ease skin disorders like Acne, Rosacea, Eczema and Psoriasis. It also helps to relieve insect stings and bites.

Freshly squeezed Aloe vera gel can be applied to any affected area of the skin. The gel creates a protective coating which speeds up the healing process, decreases swelling and redness. It relieves pain and prevents the formation of blisters in the case of burns. Aloe vera gel also helps to ease frostbites.

Internally, Aloe vera reduces inflammation of the joints and reduces pain due to arthritis. It helps to reduce inflammation throughout the body when drunk as Aloe vera juice. Aloe vera juice also helps to lower cholesterol and blood sugar.


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    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 6 years ago from Dubai

      Hi Vinaya Ghimire, good decision.

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 6 years ago from Nepal

      I have recently decided to farm aloe vera. Thanks for sharing the facts.

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 6 years ago from Dubai

      Hi rob_allen I do not understand "aloe vera meat"???

    • rob_allen profile image

      rob_allen 6 years ago from MNL, PH

      Whoa, aloe vera actually smells really bad but it has a lot of benefits. More than that, dont you know that aloe vera meat is also infused in some juice drinks? We have bottled juices here that are incorporated with bits of this magic herb! :)