Amelia Mary Earhart, American aviator. Born Atchison, Kansas, July 24, 1898. Lost and presumed dead near Howland Island, in the Pacific Ocean, early July 1937.
Amelia Earhart was the first woman to make a solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean. She made the flight in a single-engine Lockheed Vega monoplane on May 20 and 21, 1932, flying from Newfoundland to Ireland. She was honored for this achievement with the Distinguished Flying Cross and was the first woman to receive this award. Four years earlier, on June 17 and 18, 1928, she was the first female passenger on a transatlantic flight, accompanying Wilmer Stutz and Louis Gordon from Newfoundland to Wales. In addition to setting several speed and altitude records, Miss Ear-hart also made the first successful solo flight from Hawaii to California on Jan. 11 and 12, 1935.
On June 1, 1937, Miss Earhart took off with her navigator, Frederick J. Noonan, in an attempt to fly around the world. After completing two-thirds of the trip, they vanished early in July, while crossing over the Pacific Ocean near Howland Island. Amelia Earhart was the wife of George Palmer Putnam, a publisher.