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US History From the Civil War Buildup to the 20th Century: 1851 - 1900

Updated on March 12, 2016
Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Ms. Inglish has 30 years of successful experience in medicine, psychology, STEM courses, and aerospace education (CAP).

Dakota Delegation to Washington as MN Becomes a State: 1858

(photos this page, public domain)
(photos this page, public domain)

New US States Formed from 1851 -1900

  1. Minnesota became a US State in 1858. Additional territories followed in statehood --
  2. Oregon 1859
  3. Kansas 1861
  4. West Virginia 1863
  5. Nevada 1864
  6. Nebraska 1867; USA purchased the Alaskan Territory this year.
  7. Colorado 1876
  8. North Dakota 1889
  9. South Dakota 1889
  10. Montana 1889
  11. Washington 1889
  12. Idaho 1890
  13. Wyoming 1890
  14. Utah 1896.

Over a dozen states were accepted into the Union of America during this time period, leaving only 5 states to go in the 20th century. No additional states have been added to the USA since 1959.

Carson City, Nevada at Statehood

Source

Constitutional Ammendments

Only three Constitutional Amendments were added to the US Constitution between 1851 - 1900.

  1. Amendment XIII, 1865 - Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude. Some states did not ratify it until the 21st century and some people were slaves into the 20th century - in 1947.
  2. Amendment XIV, 1866 - In sort, this amendment was to ensure protection of the Civil rights Act of 1866.
  3. Amendment XV, 1869 - Granted the right to vote to African American men.

Only three Constitutional Amendments were added to the US Constitution between 1851 - 1900.

NV Steamboat Silver Mining Co.

Stock Certificate graphic
Stock Certificate graphic

US Presidents 1851 - 1900

  • Millard Fillmore 1850-1853

Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin during Fillmore's administration.

  • Franklin Pierce 1853-1857

In 1854, Kansas and Nebraska were named US Territories.

  • James Buchanan 1857-1861

In 1857 the Dred Scott case of the Supreme Court found in favor of slave holders and found that slaves were not citizens. These findings were nullified by the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution.

The South broke away from the North to form its own nation in December 1860, about seven weeks after Lincoln was elected President.

The 13th Amendment legally ended slavery in 1865, strangling the economy of the Confederacy that was already practically disabled. The Civil War had begun earlier and extended from 1861 through 1865.

The Homestead Act of 1863 allowed settlers in the West to claim lands for their own after living on them for five years. This actually ran some Native Americans off their own lands and became part of the larger Indian Removals within US borders.

In 1867, USA bought the Alaska Territory from Russia.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Russian Church in Alaska, 1898.This 1898 Alaskan coin is the "One Pinch."Teller, Alaska in 1898.
Russian Church in Alaska, 1898.
Russian Church in Alaska, 1898.
This 1898 Alaskan coin is the "One Pinch."
This 1898 Alaskan coin is the "One Pinch." | Source
Teller, Alaska in 1898.
Teller, Alaska in 1898. | Source

The Mascot Saloon

Skagway, Alaska bar welcomes gold miners.
Skagway, Alaska bar welcomes gold miners.
  • Andrew Johnson 1865-1869

In 1867, USA bought the Alaska Territory from Russia. Many Native Americans and First Nations peoples had lived there for centuries, having migrated from Northern Siberia and Northern Asian countries, evidenced by DNA markers. Later, Russians arrived and settled.

In 1868, the 14th Amendment was accepted to define US Citizenship.

  • US Grant 1869-1877

In 1869, a railroad line stretched from coast to coast for the first time.

The 15th Amendment in 1870 was adopted to give and grant African American men the right to vote. Women were still not allowed to vote.

  • Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881
  • James A. Garfield 1881 (died soon after election)
  • Chester Arthur 1881-1885

In 1882, the USA adopted Standard Time. See: Daylight Saving Time.

  • Grover Cleveland 1885-1889

The Statue of Liberty, a gift from France, was dedicated in New York City in 1886.

  • Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893

In 1890, women began demanding the right to vote in earnest. An insightful film about this movement is Iron Jawed Angels.

Princess of the Night Rides

Victoria Ka'iulani Likelike Cleghorn, last Crown Princess of Hawaii, died in1893 after business interests overthrew the Crown. As a child, she rode her pony at evening.
Victoria Ka'iulani Likelike Cleghorn, last Crown Princess of Hawaii, died in1893 after business interests overthrew the Crown. As a child, she rode her pony at evening.

The Sandwich Islands (Hawaii)

Map made in 1841
Map made in 1841
  • Grover Cleveland 1893-1897

In 1896, the US Supreme Court found that racial segregation is constitutional.

In 1895, the Baron of Arizona landed in jail for fraud.

  • William McKinley 1897-1901

For 8 months in 1898, the Spanish-America War was fought over Cuba. Cuba became independent and USA took, as protectorates, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. We paid 20,000,000 Dollars for the Philippines.

In 1898, USA took the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) as a territory.

In 1899, USA took American Samoa under a treaty with UK and Germany.

The Baron of Arizona in prison in 1895. He served time in prison for his intricate fraud.
The Baron of Arizona in prison in 1895. He served time in prison for his intricate fraud.

© 2008 Patty Inglish MS

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    • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

      Patty Inglish MS 

      9 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      Hi jxb7076! - US history is intriguing, since we were not taught enything but the "high points" in school. If we live long enough, we find out more. Thanks for your visit and I've become your fan!

    • jxb7076 profile image

      James Brown 

      9 years ago from United States of America

      Excellent hub Patty! Very educational and well researched. Thanks for sharing!

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

      Patty Inglish MS 

      10 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      Glorious! I will have a lot of fun reading your Hub!

      Patty

    • profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 

      10 years ago

      Yes! I will have some pictures of Uncle Toms Cabin with the hub.

      regards Zsuzsy

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

      Patty Inglish MS 

      10 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      It is interesting that on February 4, 1861, not only did

      1) the South officially leave the United States to form the Confederate States of AMerica, but also

      2) the Apache Nation declared war on the Union States as well.

      The Union had to fight against two nations at once, on its own soil.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

      Patty Inglish MS 

      10 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      Hmmmm Zsuzsy, it is amazing. Do you have any poictures of 'Uncle Tom's Cabin.' The story is fascinating, for certain.

      Thanks for the comment Froggy213!

    • Froggy213 profile image

      Greg Boudonck 

      10 years ago from Returned to an Isla Del Sol - Puerto Rico Will Rise Strong

      Great hub,I'm a history fan myself!!

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 

      10 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      I just love history! I live about 15 minutes away from 'Uncle Tom's Cabin'. His life etc. is on my to do hubs in the near future. It's one of my fave' books too. [Isn't it funny, this is the second hub of yours that has some connection to me...I think it was the second 'chapter' of your Natives Collection when you talked of Midland (which is my hometown) and now Dresden.]

      Great HUB regards Zsuzsy

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