ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

An Outline of a Speech

Updated on July 14, 2016
herrypaul profile image

herrypaul has a bachelor's degree in English Literature, he likes analyzing economic, political, literature, and religion views.

Speak up!
Speak up! | Source

An outline of a speech has benefits include:

Generally, everyone can talk, but not everyone can speak, since speaking itself needs preparation through learning and practicing, therefore, to speak well does not need any talent, but practice.

This writing discusses about how to make a speech- To practice how to speak, how to deliver a speech on well, of course, we need an outline.

An outline of a speech has functions as follows: 1. To guide a subject toward that the speech should have been conveyed. 2. To know what and how broad the speech should be delivered. 3. To put visuals how speech to be told and organized. 4. To guide in the part where an explanation should be highlighted. 5. To avoid a vicious circle (not developed) to the utterance. 6. To maintain consistency and coherence the speech.

Outline Patterns

The difference between an outline pattern and the other pattern determined by the function of the speech. By function of that, there are some patterns of speech as follows:

1. Sequential Pattern

This pattern usually used when a speech has a function to inform. The provided information related to the sequence of event or procedure. The titles speech designed with this pattern usually sound like: How to...

Speech Title : How to re-build Aceh.

Immediate Purpose : To inform attendants about restoring or rehabilitating the infrastructure and buildings so that they can deal with the process without difficulty.

Introduction : I. The planning and building for attendants are the first critical phases that can be carried out without difficulty by following certain steps.

Body/ Discussion : II. The steps for carrying out the planning and building including re-building the infrastructure, housing, towns, and villages.

A. Proceed to restore and rehabilitate the infrastructure and building on the urban sites.

B. House the first settlers within 12 months.

C. Adopt the simple 20 feet containers for everything from very simple abodes to sophisticated power plants and hospitals.

D. Locate the new town or village without removing from the old.

E. Design the original town sites as national memorial parks.

F. Re-plant the mangroves; indigenous trees.

G. Set up a body that would prepare the individual lots for handing over the survivors and for sale to new settlers or for auction.

H. recruit both the Indonesian private section professionals and overseas professionals in urban planning, infrastructure and architectural design, site evaluation and social-logical structure.

Closing : By considering those steps cited above, you need to follow step to step.

2. Problem- Solution Pattern

This pattern often used in a speech serves to encourage , convincing , or ask for viewers do something . The speech like this has titles as: The Problem of..., The need to..., etc.

An example of the outline problem solution pattern given below:

Speech Title: The need to put off the policy of raising fuel prices.

Immediate Purpose: To convince audience that we should think of postponing the policy of raising fuel prices or revise the policy.

Introduction: I. I am speaking on this because I am a citizen of this country and am concerned about this.

II. There are two considerations:

A. The current policy is not suited or appropriate to the situation view- point.

B. Owing to instability economic condition.

Body/ Discussion: III. The current policy is not suited or appropriate for:

A. It is an unwise decision for:

1. Income people is still low.

2. The grass roots' buying power is still low.

IV. The current policy is not suited or appropriate for:

A. The economy is not showing signs of recovery.

B. The unemployed level is high.

Conclusion: V. We must either postpone the policy of raising fuel prices or revise the policy.

VI. We must explore the possibility of th review of the policy.

3. Cause- Effect Pattern

Cause-Effect Pattern used to draw up a speech that describes or explains a problem for as a result. Although it is persuasive, it emphasizes to the out of the problem is not to encourage as in a speech with Problem- Solution Pattern.

Here is an example of a speech outline that uses the Cause- Effect Pattern:

Speech Title: A Study of the effects of greenhouse gas emissions and using of coal, oil and natural gas.

Immediate Purpose: To describe or explain audience about the emergence of Global Warming as effects of greenhouse gas emissions and using of coal, oil and natural gas.


I. Large rapidly industrializing countries such as China and India, including US are the world's biggest coal, oil and natural gas consumers and greenhouse gas emission producers.

Body/ Discussion:

II. The emissions of carbon dioxide (co2) produced in huge amounts when fossil fuels are burned. bring about Global Warming.

A. The increase of particular gases, especially co2 traps energy from the sun so it can be sent out of the atmosphere that causes the increase in temperature of the earth's atmosphere.

B. The rise in temperature of the earth's atmosphere makes icebergs both in the northern and southern seas melting and the surface of the water is up.

C. The rise in temperature of the earth's atmosphere also makes typhoons increasing in a number and the rain falls inconsistently.


III. We have already known what greenhouse gas emission and using of coal, oil and natural gas in huge amounts mean to us.

To cut overall emissions of heat- trapping co2 and curb use of coals oil and natural gas are the best choice.

4. Topical- Sequence Pattern

This pattern for a speech is persuasive and informative. It used when conversation with a speech that divided into some part with discussion comparison between advantages and disadvantages.

The speech of the pattern outline is called as:

Speech Title: The advantages and disadvantages of hotel room journalism in conflict areas.

Immediate Purpose: To invite audience to measure fairly the dualistic aspects of hotel room journalism in conflict area.


I. There is no big story worth to die for.

II. The great story that becomes the focus of attention of the world for superiority and rivalry for exclusive coverage is not to be a must.

Body/ Discussion:

III. Advantages,

A. Hotel room journalism takes no risks.

B. Safer: you feel safer than cover the story in the field.

C. More careful: in the hotel room, you will be more careful.

IV. Disadvantages,

A. Inaccurate: you cannot look into the truth.

B. Non-exclusive: you cannot broadcast exclusively.

C. You cannot get the story happens live.


V. For it is so danger that a lot of journalists in conflict areas decide not to broadcast live.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Writing a Speech.Speech writing introduction and conclusion.
Writing a Speech.
Writing a Speech. | Source
Speech writing introduction and conclusion.
Speech writing introduction and conclusion. | Source

5. Chronological Pattern

The speech theme of the acts of life for the person or the history of an event that has a chronological outline, as:

Speech Title: The life and the work of Adolf Hitler.

Immediate Purpose: To inform audience that Adolf Hitler was and what he had done for his country.


I. Adolf Hitler was the fuhrer (leader) of Germany.

Body/ Discussion:

II. Youth and education.

A. He lived in his youth in Vienna, Austrian-born.

B. He was very poor in his studies and barely managed to get through high school.

III. Political Life,

A. In world war I, he joined the German army.

B. After the war, he went into politics.

C. In 1924-1925, he was imprisoned for taking out a mass demonstration in favour of national unity and formation of socialist German state.

D. In 1933, he gained from President Hindenburg the appointment as a Chancellor.

E. After the death of Hindenburg, he made himself the fuhrer of Germany.

F. The last days of the battle of Berlin.

G. Death.

Conclusion: Adolf Hitler was a German Dictator and was a brave and confident ruler.

Note: These Patterns I composed in 2004. All the data in use based on the year.


Submit a Comment

No comments yet.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)