- Education and Science»
- Psychology & Psychiatry
Angavijja: Ancient Book of Body Language and physiognomy
Angavijja: The Book and its History
Angavijja is an ancient book of reading a person through his body language and physiognomy. Ancient Indians used this technique of reading a person to reveal the occult knowledge and foretell the future. The book was compiled in 4th Century C.E. It was written in ancient Marhatti Prakrit language. The book contains 60 chapters and 9000 stanzas. The author of this book is unknown and we only know that he was a Jain ascetic who credits the work to Jain ascetics of prior periods.
This techniques of reading persons and predicting was prevalent in ancient Indians as a practice. This book is the only book on this subject, which is still available. The book is a huge compilation of techniques developed by the great observers. Thanks to the Jain monks and Jain manuscript libraries who preserved this book for many centuries. The book is a small part of the huge Jain literature.
The book originally was written in about 4th Century, in the period of Gupta and Kushan period, and were preserved in the form of manuscripts. When the manuscripts became old, they were rewritten. Thus the Monks carried forward the book for last 15-16 centuries. They preserved it in the traditional Jain libraries.
It was 1957, when for the first time this book was published in printed form by newly formed Prakrit Text Society. 7 manuscripts from various libraries were used for this work. The book was edited by Muni Punyavijaya, a great monk of 20th Century. A preface in Hindi and English describes the subject of the book in details, and then all the original stanzas are given in the book. The book is dedicated to Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India.
Reading a Person Through Body Language
The book discusses about reading a person and predicting not based on planets, stars, zodiac etc., but the body language, physiognomy and living status. The predicting is based on observing how the person comes, walks, sits, talks, what organs of his body he touches, laughs, cries, is he humble or not, his costume, the ornaments he is wearing, who else has came with him and many other things.
The book discusses about hundreds of acts and gestures of a person including standing, sitting, laughing, crying, yawning etc. It describes 32 types of sitting, 17 types of resting on, 28 types of standing, 14 types of laughing, 16 types of saluting/bowing, 10 types of watching/seeing, 16 types of arriving, 20 types of crying, 7 types of yawning, 14 types of hugging and 16 types of kissing. The book also gives many types of various other acts and gestures.
The book gives 270 types and signs of body features.
Useful to Know about Ancient India
The importance of the book Angavijja is not limited to knowing about reading persons, but it is also important to know about people, their activities and lifestyles in ancient India. The book is very useful to the students and scholars of ancient Ayurveda (medical science), agriculture, animals, coins, commerce, people, metals, weaponry, ornaments, Gods and Goddesses, religions, plants, seasons, vehicles, food, cloths, costumes, political designations etc.
Besides this academic and research use, the book is also useful to Doctors, Lawyers, Judge, Cops, Film Directors, Authors for knowing the techniques of reading a person.
The book is still in Prakrit language. It is need of time that it should be translated in Hindi and English languages. But such translation is not an easy task, as the book is huge and the translator or translators must be familiar to the ancient Prakrit language and also familiar to the various subjects discussed in the book. Muni Punyavijay, the editor of the book says, 'It will be not useful to translate the book unless we fully understand the content in it".
Gestures and Body Language Tutorial
Amy Cuddy: Your body language shapes who you are
- Numerology of Jains and Jainism
Jainism is an ancient religion of India and the followers of this religion are known as Jains. Here is how the numbers have played their role in Jain history, literature and elsewhere.
- An Introduction to Numerology
Know the basics of numerology, the science of knowing good & bad effects of numbers on your life. Numerologists can analyze the characteristics of a person just by studying the date of birth and name.
- Motivation: How Numerology Changed My Life?
I was a very negative person until recent past. But four years ago I started to analyze myself through Numerology and accordingly made some changes in my behavior and work style. It changed my life.
- Numerology: Characteristics of Birth Number 1 Persons
In numerology, every birth number has a specific characteristics which reflect in the life of the person related to that number. Here are the characteristics of the persons having Birth Number 1.
- Numerology: How to Calculate Your Life Path Number
In numerology, your life path number or destiny number is one of the most important factor. Here is your guide to calculate your life path number
- Influence of Jainism on Pythagoras
Who Was Paythagoras? Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher as well as a mathematician, who born in 570 B.C.E. on the island of Samos. He was founder of Pythagoreanism, a religious movement, which has many similarities with Jainism. The similarity sugges
- Ancient Prakrit Languages of India
This article gives you brief details of various Prakrit Languages of ancient India.
- Siribhoovalaya: Multilingual Encyclopedia of Ancient India
Siribhoovalya is a multilingual Encyclopedia of 8th Century India. The book was compiled by Kumudendoo Muni, a Jain ascetic. This is an introduction to the great book, which is a great wonder.
- Ancient India Timeline 7000 B.C.E. to 550 C.E.
Chronology of Ancient Indian History 6000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.
- Miniature Paintings in Jain Manuscripts
The Jain miniature paintings are scattered in thousand of Jain manuscripts, which are preserved traditionally in Jain temples, Jain libraries and Jain Mutts. Further, there is a big collection of Jain manuscripts in British Library of London, with th
© 2014 Mahaveer Sanglikar