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5 Reasons Why Animals are Endangered
Cheetah (Acinonyx Jubatus)
More than fifty species are becoming extinct for diversified reasons.
- Loss of Habitat
- Poaching and Hunting
- Global Warming
An enormous part of mass extinction is the loss of the animals' natural habitat.The overpopulation of man-kind has taken a great toll on nature and the animal kingdom.
Remember all the paper you have used over the years? As you know paper is made from trees, didn't have to be, yet it is and it's taking the homes of more than just birds. Deforestation is taking the homes of rabbits, chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, lemurs, grizzlies, pandas, koalas, even kangaroos and elephants, it's upsetting to say the list goes on. Plant species are dolefully hurting from deforestation just as much.(Quick Links Below)
Deforestation has been around since man evolved. Before the industrial period approximately six hectares a year (1 hectare= 2.47 acres) were taken out of necessity. Essentials being; shelter, weapons, and fuel. The highest rates of deforestation began in the 1990s at a striking 16 million hectares a year, favorably our global net loss was nothing but 8.3 million due to afforestation rising and natures' outgrowth. Afforestation is the conversion of land into forest. During 2000s land clearings inconsiderably dropped to 13 million a year,in behalf of logging, drought, and human construction. Thankfully afforestation and natural causes accomplished 7.8 million hectares making global net loss of the first decade 5.2 million!
the total forest area is 31% a whopping four billion hectares.
What would you do if your home was snatched from underneath your feet? The animals that do survive deforestation find another home eating livestock of another animal, also killing other species along the way. Forests do more for the environment than just make homes, trees also; filter water, protect soil, regulate climate, and even store nutrients.(Quick Links Below)
Forest Land Area between 1990 and 2010(1,000 ha)
North & Central America
- Full Endangered Species List
- Global Forest Resources Assessment
- Volcanic Gases and Climate Change Overview
- NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a federal agency focused on the condition of the oceans and the atmosphere. It plays several distinct roles within the Department of Commerce.
Poaching Endangered Animals
There's a number of reasons why people would love to barricade poacher's. There are rewards set over $4,000 to find someone who shot and killed a bald eagle. Why would anyone want to endanger these threatened beauties? A majority of the threat comes from the almighty dollar. The kind of money that is four times the normal wages of a whole years salary in 1994 for Nepal. Some illegal poaching is all just a big game. Games comparable to who can get the biggest prairie dog (or coyote)? Along with the ideas like `lets make all these pigeons think they're free, then shoot every one' and `lets count to see if i can get more than you.' Games corresponding to these daunt my heart, not every animal is dead on contact and taken out of misery, some suffer, others can get away but die elsewhere.
The three top places with exports of raw ivory are China, Thailand, and Africa. Ivory comes from horns of rhinos, antlers of antelopes, tusks of elephants and narwhals. In 2011 Zambia's Lower National Park had ivory hunters lurking and soon enough two elephants close by were shot with faces butchered off, the kind of stuff that makes your stomach turn. Close by a third suffered but got away, tusks intact.
Only 1% of illegal poaching is addressed by the police, mostly because illegal activities come from out of reach.
Wildlife PicturesClick thumbnail to view full-size
Cause and Effects
Pollution corrupts the natural environment cycle, most importantly water. Water is at the bottom of the food chain meaning everything needs water: plants, animals and humans are all water-based.There are natural, intentional, and accidental causes of pollution to water and air.
Natural causes are those of which we don't control, such as; volcanoes, tsunamis, and earthquakes. There are 1,900 active volcanoes acting as vents for the earths' core. Added to magma, lava and ashes, volcanoes further have a multitude of gases. Two main gases that are included in eruptions are carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that can cause global warming and health problems if nearby excessive amounts. While sulfur dioxide promotes global cooling but is also an ingredient to acidic rain. During the eruption of volcanoes, gases combine in the air over time and become apart of our water cycle making harmful substances to all life. It's believed human activity causes more pollution than a volcano. (Quick Links above)
Intentional causes are those of which we do deliberately; Industrial and agricultural waste. Industrial waste is when chemical and acidic products are dumped because of the expensive and difficult disposal into the natural environment. Agricultural waste comes from water runoff unfortunately containing chemicals and pesticides from farmlands. Even the smallest damages like oil dripping from your car can be washed down into the ground where other water collects and contaminates.
Accidental causes are not on purpose but caused from human activities. Consistent oil spilling in the ocean, accidental littering to the titanic sinking are all unintentional catastrophes. In 2010, BP had the largest oil leak yet, killing livestock of fish and other animals. Prey, including humans, can be polluted from eating contaminated livestock. Water cooling stations can also be considered pollution, the smallest changes in water can hurt animals because of the change in temperature.
Since 1807, The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), have been comprehending and predicting climate, weather, including oceans and coasts activities Insuring people are aware of their surroundings. Additionally conserving the ecosystem, depositing millions into coastal maintenance in turn protecting life and natural resources.(Quick Links above)
Charts & Graphs
The uncontrollable gases of the earth combined with human activity causes global warming. Major greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere are sorted as; anthropocentric causes (man-made) and natural causes, even both combined. Global warming is taking bamboo from panda bears, homes of penguins, and lives of polar bears, salmon, and puffins.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally emitted through photosynthesis into organic matter. Unfortunately there are anthropocentric causes of this by-product, such as; combustion of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal) for our electricity and transportation, solid waste, trees and wood products. Current levels of carbon dioxide are over 380 parts per million by volume (ppmv), the highest level the earth has ever seen over the past 20 million years. The only way it can be removed is through plants and the carbon cycle. Carbon dioxide has a low global warming potential (GWP) of 1 but persists in the atmosphere for thousands of years.
Methane(CH4) is from agricultural causes such as livestock and the decay of organic waste in landfills. Sources of methane also reside in the production and transportation of oil, natural gas and coal. CH4 has a GWP of 21 in other words it would take 21 pounds of CO2 to equal 1 CH4. Higher GWP means the gas traps more energy and heat in a pound. Methane has a higher GWP than carbon dioxide although it's in the atmosphere for about a decade.
Nitrous oxide (aka. laughing gas or N2O ) has been used for multiple occasions over the centuries. In the 1800's the British upper class used nitrous oxide for a recreational drug and even round the bend parties. In 2003, kids the age of 12 and older reportedly abused laughing gas more than marijuana, a medical drug. Recreational use of nitrous can reduce red cell blood count leading to nerve and organ damage. CO2 becomes forbidden to leave the body, reducing oxygen flow to the brain causing hyperventilation, seizures, asphyxiation and death because of the replacement of oxygen. Nitrous oxide has also been used medically as an anesthetic, numbing pain,and as fuel in cars and planes. Nitrous oxide is a by-product from industrial production of nitric acid used for synthetic fertilizer. Farmers add a nitrogen based synthetic fertilizer to soil which by far brings the most N2O agricultural pollution. Nitrous oxide has a GWP of 310 and lasts in the atmosphere for about 100 years, capable of holding the most heat.
The Mighty Dollar
Now you might see the biggest cause of these threatened, endangered, and extinct animals. Money is something everyone wants, everyone "needs" because money is power. People will do anything for money, like; going to a dead end job that you hate for a little cash, hunting down animals for fur, or even hunt people for another. There are so many crazy things people will do for money cause you can do what you want or pay for what you really need like rent, food and electricity.
Deforestation roots back down to money because someone else pays other people to preform the damage. Even paper companies would loose money if we used a different source, such as; hemp, which so happens to be what the Declaration of Independence is made up of. So on same for poaching, if there was nobody in demand for the fur and ivory there would be no market for it. Putting a value on skin and bones is just disgusting, but some people would do anything to look amazing. Supposing we didn't use oil as a fuel, gas and oil companies even the government would be losing money from the tax. People have made solar powered, water powered and even grease going cars. Yes, everyone complains about gas going up but nobody seems to buy a non-oil vehicle because there isn't a big market. Money doesn't matter but we are blinded with luxuries. It's 2013, I believe it's time to make a change and start caring about the earth we evolve in besides ourselves and money for once.
How Can I Help Endangered Species?
There is more than one way you can help these suffering animals. You can donate or adopt an animal from the world wildlife fund and they use all proceeds to help save animals. Link below for more information.Another way to help save animals and save the money in your pocket is by turning off unused items even unplugging them can lower the pollution rate of electric companies. There is a demand for tiger pelts and ivory don't be apart of the demand. If you are really committed to saving the environment for future generations to come you could also buy an eco car. Eco cars are a thing of the future that can run off electricity or biodegradable vegetable oil. These options are something to think about because its not your lifetime but your children and there kids lifetime and so on, because one day we could pollute ourselves to extinction.