ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Asexual Reproduction in Plants

Updated on July 3, 2015

Continuous Process of Species

The ability of an organism to produce a new generation of individuals of the same species is called Reproduction.
Different methods of reproduction can be broadly grouped into two types.
1. Asexual reproduction.
2. Sexual reproduction.
First let us learn about the asexual reproduction in plants.

Asexual Reproduction in Plants
Asexual Reproduction occurs in different ways in different organisms like yeasts, fungi, algae, mosses, ferns and flowering plants.
It Occurs
1. Through Sporangia e.g.: Mucor
2. By budding e.g.: yeast

3. By fragmentation e.g.: Fungi
4. By Fission e.g.: Euglena

Vegetative Reproduction

  • Vegetative propogation occurs in many plants in a natural way. There is no fusion of gamets like sexual reproduction.
  • New plants are formed from vegetative parts of the plants like stem, root, leaf etc.
  • Buds which are formed in different parts of the plant provide a source of vegetative propogation.

Different Methods of Vegetative Propogation
1. Suckers e.g.: Chrysanthemum.
2. Nodes e.g.: Grass
3. Eyes of Potato e.g.: Potato
4. Leaf buds e.g.: Bryophyllum
5. Root buds e.g.: Curry leaf, Neem

Advantages of Vegetative Propagation

  • It helps to maintain fixed qualities and characteristic features of the parent plant.
  • In ornamental plants with attractive flowers and leaves can be continued in next generation.
  • Such plants can be produced in large numbers in a short time.
  • This method is useful to develop new varieties with useful characters.
  • It is very useful of reproduction that rarely produce flowers.

Artificial Methods of Vegetative Propagation
This most popular methods are
1. Cutting
2. Grafting

Cutting: In this method, a portion of any Vegetative part like root or stem is separated from parent plant and placed it in a suitable soil and environmental conditions.
The cutting from root and shoots develop into new plants.
Mainly there are two types in this method.
1. Stem Cuttings e.g.: Hibiscus 2. Root Cuttings e.g.: Carrot

Layering: It is an alternative where propagation through cuttings is difficult.
There are two types in this process.
1. Air Layering
2. Ground Layering

Grafting: It provides an opportunity to bring the characters of different plant into
one plant. There are four types of Grafting.
1. Approach Grafting
2. Cleft Grafting
3. Tongue Grafting
4. Bud Grafting.

Advantages of Grafting:

  • It helps to preserve and perpetuate varieties that cannot reproduce by vegetative propagation.
  • A high yielding commercial tree can be grafted to a hardy root stock, that is more resistant to disease, pests and droughts.

Plant tissue culture
In 1902, G Haberlandt noticed that the plant cells are grown in synthetic media.
In this method, a cell or a tissue is taken from a plant and cultured in suitable containers in which nutrient medium is present.
By this method, thousands of plants can be produced from a single desirable parent in one generation.

Test Your Knowledge

This is a test of your knowledge. You’ll find the answers at the end of the quiz. Please put your scores in the Poll and in Comments. You can also put suggestions for improvement in Comments

Fill in the blanks

1. Chrysanthemum propagates often by means of ---------.
2. Buds in Bryophyllum are known as---------- .
3. The ability of a plant cell to give rise to a whole plant is called -----------.
4. The asexual reproduction in bacteria are ------------.
5. Fusion of gamets does not take place in ----------- kind of reproduction.
6. In asexual reproduction of fungi, a large number of---------- are formed in special structures.

Match the following

Group A
Group B
7) Fern
( )
A) Root buds
8) Yeast
( )
B) Cuttings
9) Euglena
( )
C) Budding
10) Rose
( )
D) Spores
11) Curry leaf
( )
E) Binary Fission
F) Leaf Buds
G) Node

Match the following

Group A
Group B
12) Aspergillus
( )
A) Eyes
13) Mucor
( )
B) Suckers
14) Chrysanthemum
( )
C) Leaf buds
15) Potato
( )
D) Conidia
16) Bryophyllum
( )
E) Sporulation
F) Layering
G) Explant


1) sucker; 2) Epiphyllous buds; 3) totipotency; 4) binary fission; 5) Asexual; 6.) spores

7) D ; 8) C ; 9) E ; 10) B ; 11) A. 12) D; 13) E; 14) B; 15) A; 16) C

What score did you get?

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)