ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Auditory Processing Disorder: More Common in Special Education Than you Think

Updated on July 4, 2016
Dean Traylor profile image

Dean Traylor is a freelance writer and teacher. He wrote for IHPVA magazines and raced these vehicles with his father (who builds them).

Source

“The hearing is fine, but the message is not coming through clearly”

This may well be the best way to describe one of the most common forms of learning disorders found in special education. Auditory processing disorder is a condition often associated with creating a specific learning disorder in children and adults; yet, it is not as well known or as properly diagnosed as other disorders such as ADD/ADHD, Dyslexia, or Autism. The conditions are, for the most part, mild and can be treated through proper use of accommodations done by a regular or special education teacher.

How Auditory Processing Disorder differs from Hearing Impairment

Hearing pitches or tones is not a problem for students with this condition. Many of them can hear at the same level as their non-disabled peers. However, the problem comes in terms of processing sound into meaningful information in a timely manner.

Normally, auditory processing is quick. The sound enters the ears, travel through to the brain by means of auditory nerves and is processed into information. Once students hear a word, like “cat,” they almost instantly think of an image associated with the spoken word. In other words, an image of a furry four-legged pet comes to mind.

Students with auditory processing disorder will also hear the word “cat”; however, the process of turning sounds into meaningful information takes longer. It’s as if the “direct link” from the ear to the brain has been circumvented or is not in a hypothetical straight line. The time it takes for information to be processed can last a few seconds longer than what is considered normal. Also, the process is not clean. While the students with auditory processing disorder may have heard the word “cat” mentioned, it may have been processed as “zat”.

Originally posted on http://www.lanc.org.uk/related-conditions/auditory-processing-difficulties-adhd-asd/
Originally posted on http://www.lanc.org.uk/related-conditions/auditory-processing-difficulties-adhd-asd/

The Effects on Learning

Although the condition is mild, it can generate a lot of confusion that can affect phonemic awareness, memory problems, and sequencing. Most often, children with this condition may appear to be slow, have trouble grasping an oral lesson or lecture given by a teacher, and be distracted.

Students with this condition will also have a difficult time concentrating in a noisy classroom. These students will have a difficult time processing multiple auditory cues. Chattering students or distracting noises outside the classroom can affect their ability to concentrate on a lecture from the teacher.

Misdiagnosis

Also, the condition, at times, can mimic other learning disorders. It’s not uncommon for students with this condition to be misdiagnosed with ADD/ADHD, for they will appear to be not paying attention or distracted (especially when there is the presence of multiple auditory cues in the classroom).

There are no known causes for auditory processing. Some research indicates it may be genetic. Others suggest it’s environmental or a result of a birth defect.

Treatment by Accommodation

The condition is treatable, at least in the classroom. Accommodations such as having the student seated near the teacher, the use of visual cues to support lectures, repetition, and allowance of time for processing information have proven to be useful. Also, these accommodations are often listed in the accommodation/modification pages of an Individual Education Plan (IEP).

Technology has also helped to treat this condition. In some school districts, students with auditory processing disorders and their teachers are using an FM receiver/transmitter device. The students wear a head-set and receiver – looking very much like an Mp3 player (or to be more precise like a 1980s version of a Sony Walkman). The teachers have a microphone around their neck which transmits their voice directly to the students with the receiver.

There are no known causes for auditory processing. Some research indicates it may be genetic. Others suggest it’s environmental or a result of a birth defect. Other indications seem to indicate that the condition is not permanent for everyone who has it. Some may have had delayed development in the area of the brain where auditory information is processed.

Still, for others, the condition is permanent. While for these people it can last a life-time, they may form learning techniques to get around it.

Auditory Processing Disorder is often a common cause of specific learning disorders in students. Still, the disorder can be treated with appropriate accommodations, and doesn't always require placement in a special education class. Many will need to form new ways to learn or seek accommodations or technology to aid them in school.

Extra: Signs of Auditory Processing Disorder

According to the website for Learning Assessment & Neurocare Centre Ltd, the symptoms for these disorders are as follows:

  • Student appears to be having difficulty paying attention in noisy environments.
  • They have difficulties remembering directives from the instructor.
  • They have trouble hearing the difference between similar sounds or words.
  • Students have difficulty following listening tasks.
  • They struggle understanding riddles or verbal math problems (which can be the cause of a disorder known as dyscalculia).

What many students with disorder may feel.
What many students with disorder may feel. | Source

© 2014 Dean Traylor

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)