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Basic Geometric Figures Made Easy

Updated on August 13, 2015

MATH HELP: Strategies for visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learners.


P a r a l l e l lines – Have students write the word parallel. Have them circle the double lls in parallel. Explain how the two lls represent parallel lines: lines that will never intersect, cross, or meet.

Perpendicular lines - lines that intersect and form right angles. Have students write the letters of the word as such


  • n
  • d
  • i
  • c
  • u
  • l
  • a
  • r

Next, draw a horizontal line underneath the letters 'perpe' . Then draw a vertical line in front of the remaining letters of the word. Connect the horizontal line to the vertical line to form a right angle. Help students to see how the letters intersect and form a right angle.

C i r c umference - Have students draw a circle around the letters c i r c in the word to help them remember that circumference is the distance around the outside of a circle.

Line segment - outstretch both arms evenly with both fists balled. Arms represent the line, while fists represent the endpoints of the segment.

Ray – outstretch both arms evenly with one open hand and one fist.

Acute angle – bend arm less than 90⁰ making a cute little angle.

Right angle – bend arm to form an L making a 90⁰ angle.

Obtuse angle – bend arm greater than 90⁰ making an angle greater than the acute and the right angle.

Quadrilaterals – Help students to learn the names of the quadrilaterals by remembering their p, q, r, r, s, t: PARALLELOGRAM, QUADRILATERAL, RHOMBUS, RECTANGLE, SQUARE, and TRAPEZOID. All quadrilaterals are parallelograms except trapezoids. (All q’s are p’s except t’s.)

Hexagon – Use the x in hexagon and the x in six to teach students that hexagons have six sides.

Have fun helping your students learn geometry.

Please feel try to try the review quiz to see how many of the vocabulary terms you are able to apply to this picture of square knots.



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    • YvetteParker profile image

      YvetteParker 5 years ago from AUGUSTA, GA

      Thank you, Sherry. My students and I have had lots of fun learning these terms and meanings through modeling and association.

    • Sherry Hewins profile image

      Sherry Hewins 5 years ago from Sierra Foothills, CA

      I think these are really good tips for helping students to remember what these geometry terms mean.