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Basic Survival Tips and Supplies
Being able to adapt and make the most of a situation that involves coping with the elements and many harsh conditions, is a definite plus for anyone. There are a variety of situations that can require people to be able to use basic survival techniques in order to not only save their lives, but others in their family. Depending on the climate and terrain, basic survival requires a few important resources and being able to make the most of them in most situations. In the basics list are:
These supplies are recommended in preparation of survival situations. They are a recommended general list and some things can be added or deleted if necessary. The major things to seriously consider think about in most survival situations are: water shelter, food. warmth, and keeping dry. A means to signal, as a mirror can be helpful. A knife is the most valuable tool you can have(preferably a hunting knife) string, hooks, a little wire and a first aid kit are most valuable in survival situations. Matches or a lighter can be very useful in starting a fire for warmth and cooking purposes. Small lengths of rope can help in building a shelter such as a lean-to or a make-shift tent shelter. Hatchets have many uses and often really can be valuable in chopping wood and shelter making. A first aid kit is a very important thing to take with you:
A compass, Keeping a large back pack loaded with basic supplies is a good idea and may be grabbed in an emergency, just in case. Water purification tablets may be taken along.A small shovel, A rifle may be disassembled in order to pack it more easily. A good water canteen is also a good idea to carry. A Butane or disposable lighter and razor blades are good to have.
frying pan, small metal pot(boiling water,food)
fishing supplies(hooks, line, lead weights, pliers)
small tent(4-man) or tarp
hat or cap
22 calibre rifle or pistol
500 rounds of 22 cal. ammunition
If you can't have the full list then remember that a good hunting knife has saved many woodsmen and others in the wilds. If you have fishing line and hooks as a minimum, you may be able to survive more comfortably in catching fish to eat. Fire starting is a must in order to keep warm and in cooking, so a fire making kit, including a good sparking sheath(flint steel) is valuable. A hatchet is definitely a plus to have on your belt in the wilds. a variety of lean-tos can be made using a cut or broken limb tied across and between two trees in close proximity to one another. After the crossing limb is secured, vertical limbs lined and reinforced with brush can be added to give support and shelter against rain and cold weather conditions. Snare wires can be used to make simple snares that may catch rabbits or other small game that can be eaten. To keep warm, getting under a small mound leaves that you pile up, can help keep you warmer.
Above ground shelters can be constructed with a little imagination and securing parallel limbs above ground and criss-crossing them with vines and small limbs can make a temporary bed that may protect against crawling pests and snakes. Vines can be a valuable aid in using them to tie up limbs or in building shelters. They are usually supple and may be wound around the limbs like a rope. If a person is in a survival situation and wishes to signal for help, fire, (using green plants added after the fire is lit), will create a lot of smoke as a signal, also using a mirror or shiny metal to reflect sun light can be helpful. Two long limbs laid across one another making an X is another sign of distress. Being prepared is always a good idea, even if you were not in the scouts or military.
Boiling water before you drink or cook with it is important in preventing several kinds of dysentery, due to bacteria in the water. Cooking all meats well is highly recommended. Surviving means you are able to stay alive, and it may not be so enjoyable. You have to keep a positive mindset and stay alert to dangers . Hypothermia is a factor that can be brought on by being too cold. If wet, the best thing to do is to remove wet clothing and try to dry them by a camp fire. Hyperthermia may occur when the body gets too heated and is just as dangerous. It is vital that we keep our body temperatures regulated to as close to normal as possible. Our lives depend upon it. Using cooling water to bath the body may be helpful in these conditions. We must be vigilant and well prepared for whatever conditions place a threat on human lives.
If you must travel. it may be best to do so at night and when it is cooler. Resting by day, especially in hotter climates may be best. Warmth and coolness are two most vital survival needs for the body. Above all else, keep a positive attitude and never give up. You can make it and do it well. That's why we were given a brain.