Basic math angle facts; angles in a triangle, on a straight line and around a point.
There are 3 main angle facts to get to grips with in your math exams:
1) Angles on a straight line add up to 180⁰ (also known as angles in a half circle)
2) Angle around a point add up to 360⁰ (also known as angles in a full circle)
3) Angles in a triangle add up to 180⁰
So to solve a basic angle fact question you will first have to decide which angle fact to use. Then you need to add up the given angles and subtract this answer either 180⁰ or 360⁰ (depending on the angle fact you have used).
Let’s take a look at 3 examples that involve using these 3 basic angle facts that you get in many math tests.
Work out the missing angle x.
The angle fact you will need to use is angles around a point add up to 360⁰ (since the angles join up to make a full circle).
Next add up the angles that you are given. Make sure that you include the right angle in your total (a right angle is 90⁰):
64 + 90 = 154⁰
Next subtract this answer from 360⁰ to give you the size of angle x:
360 – 154 = 206⁰
x = 206⁰
You can see this angle is correct as the angle you were finding is a reflex angle (larger than 180⁰).
Work out the missing angle y.
The angle fact you will need to use is angles on a straight line add up to 180⁰ (since the angles form a half circle).
Next add up the angles that you are given:
46 + 35 = 81⁰
Next subtract this answer from 180⁰ to give you the size of angle y:
180 – 81 = 99⁰
y = 99⁰
Work out the size of angle z.
Since the shape is triangle, the angle fact is clearly angles in a triangle add up to 180⁰.
Like the last two angle questions first add up all of the angles in the triangle:
128 + 22 = 150⁰
Next subtract this answer from 180⁰ to give you the size of angle z:
180 – 150 = 30⁰
y = 30⁰
As you can see with these 3 examples the hardest part of the question is identifying the correct angle fact to use. Harder questions will involve applying more than one of the 3 angle facts listed above.