ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

*Bi-Polar Disorder & The Brain*

Updated on December 22, 2015

We all have our ups and downs in certain times of the day, but with bipolar disorder, these peaks and valleys are more severe. The symptoms of bipolar disorder can hurt your job and school performance, damage your relationships, and disrupt your daily life, this can have a huge impact on your life. And although it’s treatable, many people don’t recognize the warning signs and get the help they need. Since bipolar disorder tends to worsen without treatment, it’s important to learn what the symptoms look like. Recognizing the problem is the first step to getting better.

Bi- Polar and the many faces..

Bi-Polar Disorder

Bi-Polar Disorders

For people who are diagnosed with Bi-Polar Disorder, the normal emotions can become a roller coaster ride of wild highs and devastating lows. Moods are driven, not by the events of life, but by a force of their own. Bi-polar disorder (previously called manic-depressive illness) is a medical condition that involves changes in brain function leading to dramatic mood swings. These mood swings can be so severe that they impair normal functioning at work, and even relationships.

Mania often begins with a sense of raised energy, creativity and social ease feelings which can quickly progress to an extreme, continuous elevated mood involving an exaggerated sense of self-esteem, and an expansive or irritable mood. When manic, people become more physically active, talkative and distractible and show a reduced need for sleep. This could be compared to along the lines of ADHD, but of course that is a different disorder than Bi-Polar. They may not be aware that anything is wrong and may also enjoy the feeling mania brings.

Doctors have mentioned that there are four types of Bi-Polar Disorder:

1. Bipolar I Disorder—defined by manic or mixed episodes that last at least seven days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at around 2 weeks.

2. Bipolar II Disorder—defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but no full-blown manic or mixed episodes.

3. Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (BP-NOS)—diagnosed when symptoms of the illness exist but do not meet diagnostic criteria for either bipolar I or II. However, the symptoms are clearly out of the person’s normal range of behavior.

4. Cyclothymic Disorder—a mild form of bipolar disorder. People with cyclothymia have episodes of hypomania as well as mild depression for at least 2 years. However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for any other type of bipolar disorder.

Bi-Polar Disorders

Substance Abuse

The most common thing amongst people who have Bi-Polar disorder is substance abuse, but the reasons for this link are unclear. Some people with bipolar disorder may try to treat their symptoms with alcohol or drugs. Substance abuse can also trigger or prolong bipolar symptoms, and the behavioral problems associated with mania can lead to drinking too much. Anxiety disorders, such as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and social phobia, also can co occur with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder can cooccur with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well, which has some symptoms that overlap with bipolar disorder, such as restlessness and being easily distracted. However, the symptoms of ADHD are persistent, whereas those of bipolar disorder are episodic.

Bi-Polar Or ADHD?

There are certain differences between Bi-Polar and ADHD. Bipolar disorder is best known for the mood swings it causes. People with bipolar disorder move from manic or hypomanic highs to depressive lows ranging on a daily basis. Individuals are very likely to engage in risky financial and sexual behaviors, have feelings of inflated self-esteem, or use drugs and alcohol to excess. They may have thoughts of suicide or self-harm.

ADHD on the other hand is different from that of being diagnosed with Bi-Polar Disorder. ADHD is most often diagnosed during childhood. It is characterized by difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. Boys tend to have higher rates of ADHD than girls.There are a variety of symptoms for patients diagnosed with ADHD:

  • trouble completing assignments or tasks
  • frequent daydreaming
  • frequent distraction and difficulty following directions
  • constant movement and squirming

In some cases there are some similarities between the manic episodes of bipolar disorder and ADHD. These include:

  • an increase in energy or being "on the go"
  • being easily distracted
  • talking a lot
  • frequently interrupting others

One of the biggest differences between the two is that bipolar disorder affects mood, whereas ADHD affects behavior and attention. Genes also play a large role in developing either condition. You should share any related family history with your primary care doctor to help with diagnosis. Some of the similar symptoms between the two include

  • impulsivity
  • inattention
  • hyperactivity
  • physical energy


PTSD & Bi-Polar Disorders

There have been a lot of research done on the topic of PTSD and Bi-Polar Disorders. The most recent studies have found that anywhere between 11% to 39% of bipolar patients also meet criteria for PTSD. It is not entirely surprising that high rates of PTSD are found among people with bipolar disorder, as many people with bipolar also have a history of traumatic exposure. Traumatic exposure may be more likely to occur during a manic episode when a person with bipolar disorder is more likely to make risky or impulsive decisions such as committing suicide. People with PTSD and Bi-polar disorder appear to have more problems across a number of different areas in their lives. For example, PTSD has been found to reduce quality of life among people with bipolar disorder. People with a diagnosis of PTSD are also at greater risk to attempt suicide. Among people who have had a diagnosis of PTSD at some point in their lifetime, approximately 27% have also attempted suicide.

If you have PTSD, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible. The sooner you address your PTSD symptoms, the less likely they will become worse and will in turn increase your risk for depression.

PTSD

Are you happy or Sad?

Conclusion

Depression in bipolar disorder is particularly dangerous and difficult to spot if mood is cycling between extremes. If you are at the risk of attempting suicide or your friends or family. Please visit your doctor or call 911 for Emergency purposes.

Thanks,M

1 (800) 273-8255 -- National Suicide Prevention Lifeline

Bi-Polar Disorder and the Brain

5 out of 5 stars from 2 ratings of Bi-Polar Disorder and the Brain

© 2015 Mahsa S

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • mahsa setareh profile imageAUTHOR

      Mahsa S 

      2 years ago

      Denise - It can be hard to deal with people who are Bi-Polar or have ADHD. Counseling is a great way to let out your feelings of a person and also one of the other things is that make sure to relax and keep yourself under control because from then on stress and depression can be unhealthy to the body and the mind. I hope that the medications will help them to keep themselves on track.

    • mahsa setareh profile imageAUTHOR

      Mahsa S 

      2 years ago

      MsDora - Yes they are very different things and it affects people differently. Also there are certain factors like family situations, the environment that you live in that how you are raised that can contribute to the person being Bi-Polar. One of the most important is how a mother treats herself during pregnancy, it can be a huge factor.

    • denise.w.anderson profile image

      Denise W Anderson 

      2 years ago from Bismarck, North Dakota

      Having both family members and a boss with bipolar, sometimes, I am not sure if I am coming or going! My boss has both bipolar and ADHD. Thankfully, he is on medication that helps to regulate both his moods and his behavior. It is my job to help keep him organized and on track. As far as my children are concerned, I frequently am the one who helps them work through their emotional difficulties. That is why I see a counselor!

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      2 years ago from The Caribbean

      "Bipolar disorder affects mood, whereas ADHD affects behavior and attention." So easy to learn for one who is interested. Thanks for all the information I learned here.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)