ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Biodiversity - Are we Valuing It?

Updated on November 9, 2014
Tropical Rain Forests
Tropical Rain Forests
Temperate Forests
Temperate Forests
Greater-one- horned Rhino
Greater-one- horned Rhino
Pesticides!!!! Beware!
Pesticides!!!! Beware!
Vegetables ! Are they herbicide- free?
Vegetables ! Are they herbicide- free?
Coral reefs the Carbondioxide Sinks
Coral reefs the Carbondioxide Sinks
Gulf of Manar -the Blue Whale.
Gulf of Manar -the Blue Whale.
Dugong dugong
Dugong dugong | Source
Pemphis acidula
Pemphis acidula

Biodiversity- Are we valuing it?

Nature with its teeming beauty and biodiversity created by God, with its built-in gene pool has given rise to a mega-diversity which is so strikingly evident today. The staggering variety of plant and animal species, is brought about by the variations in the built-in mechanisms of the gene pool; and the frequency of the genetic expressions.

The term biodiversity was coined by a biologist, E.O Wilson, in 1985. The wide range of diverse habitats ranging from tropical rain forest to the Alpine region, and temperate forest to the coastal land, makes our country a rich source of biodiversity. India ranks twelfth among the mega-diversity nations of the world.

Herein lies our wealth and prestige. An ardent and enormous work of research can enable us to step higher. We need to be equipped with a willing heart to save nature; delve into our treasure and scale the utmost heights. It requires a team work, weaved in with a spirit of unity. India has 350 species of mammals ranking eighth in the world; 1200 species of birds, eighth in the world; 453 species of reptiles- fifth in the world; 45000 plant species majority being angiosperms with fifteenth position in the world.

Both flora and fauna have a significant role to play. They have to be recognized and their species conserved. The picturesque scenario of the diverse variety of flora and fauna is a provision for consumptive uses at the local level; and the productive uses at the national and international market level. Other values like the aesthetic value adds beauty to our country: India has a wealth of about 80 National parks and 441 sanctuaries. However man’s encroachment and misuse of forests and oceans has led to disastrous results.

The Punjab Agricultural University had reported the adverse effects of vegetables contaminated with pesticides and heavy metals that lower a child’s intelligence. Deforestation for infrastructure facilities have damaged several endangered plant species; and due to timber exploitation and commercial activities, forests are turning barren. The build-up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere due to consumption of fossil fuels has had a direct threat on the world’s tropical coral reefs: The oceans absorb carbon dioxide gas directly from the atmosphere. Calcium carbonate gets accumulated during formation of coral; its saturated state is decreased, as the level of carbon dioxide in the water increases. Thus changes in the production of calcium effects the reefs. Besides, the decrease in calcium carbonate level and its threat on the reefs, overfishing is another threat to its colonies; particularly in those areas where dynamite is used to kill fish. The Gulf of Mannar one of Indian’s most biologically diverse Costal regions, where the mangroves, sea grass and corals reefs exist. The globally endangered Dugong dugong and the endemic species Pemphis acidula also inhabit in this area. Reefs are extremely vulnerable to changes in their environment. They are being destroyed by sewage pollution. Silt run-off into the sea due to deforestation also poses a threat. Even in Antarctica penguins, far from any agricultural activities contain DDT; shore lines that have been fouled by oil spills, cause blue whales to be critically endangered.

Oceans are not the cesspool of the earth. There is a voluminous store of marine wealth. We ought to restrain our universe exploitations; probe on in our discoveries of the wild life species and make this issue a high profile by our awareness programmes in schools, and educational institutes; through educational film and various other media. Rolling all into one let us learn from the beaver, who are the nature’s best home builders, in their toil they never change the environment nor harm it.

script>
  (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){
  (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o),
  m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m)
  })(window,document,'script','//www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga');

  ga('create', 'UA-24602910-3', 'auto');
  ga('send', 'pageview');

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)