ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

PRATINCOLES -Birds you likes to know more..

Updated on September 5, 2012
Source
Source


Pratincoles are small birds that come under the family Glareolidae. They are seen commonly in seashores, inside water bodies and islands. They are migratory birds. They travel from Europe to Africa .They lay eggs in temperate regions.

They have small body with short legs, long tails and wings. They catch their prey at morning and evening.

Types of Pratincole:

  1. Small Pratincole (Glareola lactea)
  2. Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum)
  3. Grey Pratincole (Glareola cinerea)
  4. Madagascar Pratincole (Glareola ocularis)
  5. Black winged Pratincole (Glareola nordmanni)
  6. Rock Pratincole (Glareola nuchalis)
  7. Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola)

Small Pratincole (Glareola lactea)

The ‘small pratincole’ is also known as Small Indian Pratincole. It is called in this name because it breeds normally in south India and Southeast Asia. They are small in size with short legs, long pointed wings and short tail.

It can be identified by following ways.

  • Brown crown around the head.
  • Grey wings with black upper feathers and white-black at the inner body feathers.
  • Lower part of the body is white coloured.

They like insects and other small worms. They mostly have seen in west Bengal, Kerala and northern Karnataka.

Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum)

They are known by the name grass hopper bird. They usually hunt their prey on the wings, but have the capability to hunt on the round. These birds take rest on hot noon times and come out at evening.

These migratory birds fly from northern Pakistan to India and china. They normally make nest in Kashmir region.

They can be identified by following ways.

  • Short legs, long pointed wings and long tails.
  • Have short beak.
  • Brown coloured head and wings.
  • Lower body is white and light brown.

Due to changing climatic condition the migration of these are being stopped and concentrate on one area.

Source
Source


Grey Pratincole (Glareola cinerea)

They are similar to Oriental Pratincole, except some colour change. Body colour is a mixed white-gray colour. They can be seen normally in African countries.

Due to climatic change its population is decreasing.

Madagascar Pratincole (Glareola ocularis)

These species are normally found in Madagascar islands and other African countries. They like to breed on wet grass lands, lakeshores, grasslands, marshes etc. They like to feed on prey on ground than air.

They have the following identities.

  • Green mixed black wings.
  • Long thin tail.
  • Light brown lower body.

Source
Source
Source


Black winged Pratincole (Glareola nordmanni)

They usually hunt their prey on the wings, but have the capability to hunt on the round. These birds are normally seen in humid parts of South east Europe and South west Asia.

They can be identified by following ways.

  • Long legs, long pointed wings and long tails.
  • Have short beak.
  • Black coloured head and wings.
  • Lower body is white and light brown.

Rock Pratincole (Glareola nuchalis)

They are normally seen in African countries. They mainly make nest near to rocky places. They have small red mixed black beak, brown head cap and red legs. At the end of their tail we can see white strips.

Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola)

These can be seen in various parts of Europe, Asia and Africa. They like to capture prey on air, and they have the following features.

  • Long pointed wings, short legs, small beak and long tail
  • Brown head and darker brown features.
  • White lower body part.

SOME USEFUL BOOKS FOR U

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)