ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Black Inventors and Innovators - Frederick Jones

Updated on February 16, 2011


Frederick Jones was born May 17, 1893 in Cincinnati, Ohio and died February 21, 1961 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Jones’ father was a white railroad worker and his mother was a black woman who died when Jones was very young.  Jones was orphaned at the age of eight when he was sent to a rectory by his father to be raised by a priest. Jones’ father thought that Frederick would be better off under the care of the priest.  Jones never finished the eighth grade but Jones’ lack of education did not stop him from following his dream and drive of being an inventor.  

Frederick Jones is mostly known for inventions in refrigeration although he had other inventions in the medical field; a portable x-ray machine and in the movie industry; an automatic ticket dispenser. Frederick enjoyed trying to create things that filled a specific need.  Frederick Jones is credited with over 60 patents 40 of which were in refrigeration.

Refrigeration was Frederick’s main focus.  Jones designed a portable vehicle air conditioning unit for trucks that was eventually used in other vehicles such as trains, boats and ships.  This air conditioning system enabled food to be transported to other cities and changed the way food was delivered.  Jones’ invention revolutionized the shipping, grocery, fast food and frozen food industries.  Because of the air conditioned vehicles food could be frozen and kept frozen from city to city.   Because of the air conditioned vehicles the frozen food industry was developed and supermarkets came into existence. With the air conditioned transportation grocery stores were able to import and export products other than canned goods, like fresh vegetables and meats.  

Not only was the food industry and consumer eating habits changed because of  Jones’ invention but the medical field also benefitted because these refrigeration units were able to transport blood and medicines to and from different locations. This was significant during World War II for the military field hospitals.

The vehicle air-conditioning device would later be called a Thermo King and the company Thermo King Corp is now a world leader in transportation of temperature controlled equipment globally.

I am thankful to Frederick Jones’ for his inventions and innovations.  Frederick Jones is a great role model for perseverance through adversity.  Jones only had an eighth grade education but did not let that stop him from going after something that he believed in and he ended up revolutionizing several industries in the process.  


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Triplet Mom profile imageAUTHOR

      Triplet Mom 

      7 years ago from West Coast

      Thank you Hello Hello. I am enjoying learning about these truly inspiring people.

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      7 years ago from London, UK

      Thank you for another wonderfully written and detailed hub. It was great reading.

    • Triplet Mom profile imageAUTHOR

      Triplet Mom 

      7 years ago from West Coast

      Thank you BK! I am so enjoying learning as I go. This was a great idea and I only have my kids to thank for this.

    • BkCreative profile image


      7 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

      Sixty patents! You are doing an excellent job of informing me. I can simply direct my students to your hub or print it out.

      Thanks a million for putting these educational and historic hubs together. Rated up!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)