Facts about the Blood Orange Tree - Types and Health Benefits
The Blood Orange tree is a unique variation of the citrus family. This fruit is characterized by the blood red color of the fruit pulp.
Blood Orange is a hybrid of the citrus fruits, Citrus maxima (pomelo) and Citrus tangerina (tangerine) variety.
The Blood Orange variety of Citrus fruits first appeared in Europe in 1850.
The Blood Orange Tree
Blood Orange is a small flowering evergreen tree that grows to about 30 feet in height. They grow well in temperatures between 55 degrees Fahrenheit to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
These trees need to be frequently watered. The soil should be wet and not flooded with water. Over watering, these trees will have a negative effect on the growth of the tree.
The deep red color in Blood Orange fruit is because of the anthocyanin color pigments present in the fruit (the anthocyanin pigments are water-soluble pigments that are red, purple or blue in color).
These pigments are flavonoids that protect the body against diseases and infections.
Types of Blood Oranges
There are three common types of Blood Oranges - Moro, Tarocco, and the Sanguinello.
Moro - The Moro variety of blood oranges is round and are found in bundles on trees.The peel of the Moro has a crimson purple tinge. The inner pulp of this fruit is the reddest when compared to other varieties of blood oranges. It has a unique and refreshing taste.
The Moro variety of blood oranges is the most common in the United States.
Tarocco - Tarocco is the most popular variety of blood oranges. The skin is very thin and easy to peel. The fruit is very sweet and juicy. The Tarocco oranges have the maximum vitamin C content.
This fruit variety is seedless and is a medium to a large. The skin of the Tarocco is a yellowish orange in color.
Sanguinello - The Sanguinello variety is very sweet and has very few seeds. The skin is yellowish red in color, and the pulp of the Sanguinello is blood red in color.
The Anti-aging Blood Orange
Blood Oranges are good for health. They contain antioxidants, folates, vitamin C, anthocyanins, calcium, vitamin A and other minerals.
These oranges have the highest level of vitamin C as compared to other orange varieties.
Health Benefits of Blood Oranges
- Vitamin C helps to protect tissues in the body from damages
- Anthocyanins in Blood Oranges helps to reduce LDL or bad cholesterol and keeps the blood vessels healthy
- Vitamin A helps to improve the immunity of the body system and is essential for clear vision
- Calcium helps to strengthen the bones
- Good source of fiber and has three grams of fiber per orange.
- Folates or vitamin B9 is essential for the proper growth of the fetus in the early stages in pregnant women
The Italian Volcano Blood Orange Juice
The Italian Volcano Blood Orange juice is made from three varieties of Blood Oranges found close to Mt. Etna in Italy. The rich soil of the volcanic region makes the land fertile and the best place to grow Blood Oranges.
The Italian Volcano Blood Orange juice has no dyes or preservatives. This juice is flash pasteurized and this process makes them last longer.
© 2013 Nithya Venkat