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Breadfruit Nutritional Value

Updated on August 21, 2013
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Carolee is a passionate writer with a love for learning and teaching. She is a published author, poet, blogger, and content creator.

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What is breadfruit?

Over 3,000 years ago the breadfruit was discovered in New Guinea, an island in the southwest Pacific Ocean which is an archipelago off Australia. Later the fruit was seen in Asia. Now it is grown all over the world especially in warm climate countries.

The breadfruit tree can grow up to about 85 feet and and can bear hundreds of the fruit at any given crop. The trunk of the tree can be very thick as well. The leaves are bright green when "green" and gets yellow when ripened. The shape of the leaves are like fingers, almost like a large hand with eight fingers

The breadfruit tree has both male and female flowering but pollination takes place only when the wind blows.

The name breadfruit derived from the floury or bread like taste and texture when cooked.

The breadfruit is used in many different ways in many cuisines around the world.



A markerNew Guinea -
New Guinea, Papua New Guinea
get directions

The place the breadfruit was first discovered. Now known as Papua New Guinea.

Breadfruit roasting on an open fire
Breadfruit roasting on an open fire | Source
fried breadfruit
fried breadfruit | Source

Roast Breadfruit

In Jamaica, the most popular way of cooking the breadfruit is roasting it on an open wood fire. In more modern times persons will roast the breadfruit on the stove or in the oven, but I prefer the fire roasting, it makes it more authentic.

You find a safe place outside, not near the building or any fruit trees. Choose a place in the open. Find wood that have been lying around. Don't cut any trees. Branhes that have naturally fallen from the trees or trees that haven rotted naturally. Make a fire and place your breadfruit to roast. Be careful for the fire can get really hot.

You will remove the stem from the breadfruit, use your knife to pierce the heart. Place breadfruit, stem side down and let raost until the skin is very charred. Turn over and over until all the outside of the breadfruit is nice and black. You will know whe the breadfruit is ready when you stick the heart with your knife and the knife goes through really easily or when you press the breadfruit with your thumb and get a depression. You must peel the blackened skin from the breadfruit before eating.

Breadfruit before cooking is very firm unless it has ripened which can also be eaten. The ripe breadfruit has a sweet flavor and not as starchy as the unripened ones.

Cold roasted breadfruit is often fried and used for breakfast see photo.

Serve roasted breadfruit with"

  • Ackee and saltfish
  • Saltfish run down (pronounced "run dung")
  • Mackerel run dung
  • Corned pork
  • Curry chicken
  • Calaloo

Basically you can choose what you want to eat your roast breadfruit with. The fried breadfruit is usually served with calaloo, ackee and saltfish or even eggs.

In different cultures vegetables and fruits have different names. Almost every culture has its own name for breadfruit here is a list of names for breadfruit.

Country
Name
 
 
Sri Lanka
Dhel
Philippines
Kamansi, Rimas
Indonesia
Sukun
Tahiti
Uru
Hawai'i
Ulu
Haiti
Lam veritab
South Canara
Karnataka
India
Jeevi Halasu, Jeev Kadgi, Jeegujje
Kerala, India
Kada Chakka, Seema Chakka
Karnataka, India
Ber Halasu
Seychelles
Friyapen
Maldives
Banbukeyo
Jamaica
Breadfruit
Puerto Rico
Pana
Fiji
Uto
Thailand
Sa Ke
Mexico
Yaca
Nauru
Deme
Saint Lucia
Bois Pain

Other methods

The bread fruit when not very fit can be boiled and eaten as a staple. You can use by itself ad a vegetable or add to stews and soups as well. I Hawaii sometimes mashed breadfruit is substituted for the mashed taro root in something called "poi". In some Asian countries the breadfruit is sliced and put to ferment for weeks and even years, then mixed with coconut milk and served as mash.

Fit boiled breadfruit can be used to make punches and drinks, salad and mash.

  • Mash breadfruit. Boil breadfruit until soft. Add milk and butter. Use the breadfruit the way you would potatoes.
  • Breadfruit punch: Boil breadfruit without salt until soft. Let cool. Blend breadfruit with water it was boiled in. If too thick and milk to thin. Sweeten to taste and add vanilla, nutmeg and cinnamon.
  • Substitute breadfruit for potato when making a potato salad and you have a breadfruit salad on your hands.

freshly picked breadfruits
freshly picked breadfruits | Source

Breadfruit Recipe - Breadfruit Salad

Ingredients

2 cups diced boiled breadfruit

1 cup sweet peas

1/2 cup corn

1/2 cup diced red bell peppers

3 tablespoons chopped curled leaf parsley

mayonnaise or miracle whip

1/2 red onion finely minced

dash of pepper


In a bowl combine all ingredients. Add mayonnaise to your liking. Some people like more and others like less. Add dice or grated cheese, your preference.

Roasted breadfruit unpeeled.
Roasted breadfruit unpeeled. | Source

Breadfruit Nutrition per 100g

Nutrient
Qty & DV
 
 
Calories
103
Carbohydrates
27.12 g
- Sugars
11.00 g
- Dietary fiber
4.9 g
Fat
0.23 g
Protein
1.07 g
Water
70.65 g
Thiamine (vit. B1)
0.110 mg (10%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2)
0.030 mg (3%)
Niacin (vit. B3)
0.900 mg (6%)
Pantothenic acid (B5)
0.457 mg (9%)
Vitamin B6
0.100 mg (8%)
Choline
9.8 mg (2%)
Vitamin C
29.0 mg (35%)
Vitamin E
0.10 mg (1%)
Calcium
17 mg (2%)
Iron
0.54 mg (4%)
Magnesium
25 mg (7%)
Manganese
0.060 mg (3%)
Phosphorus
30 mg (4%)
Potassium
490 mg (10%)
Sodium
2 mg (0%)
Zinc
0.12 mg (1%)
roasted breadfruit, peeled and split in two
roasted breadfruit, peeled and split in two | Source

Comments

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    • Cardisa profile image
      Author

      Carolee Samuda 8 months ago from Jamaica

      Thanks Rowan. When my mom lived in the US she always complained about not having our native foods.

    • profile image

      Rowan mattison 9 months ago

      As a Jamaican living in a foreign country not having native food readily available is a lost of healthy consumption. I genuinely appreciate your hub and look forward to more visits.

    • Cardisa profile image
      Author

      Carolee Samuda 3 years ago from Jamaica

      Hello Besarien. Breadfruit doesn't really grow fast but when the tree is mature it does produce a lot more than one family can manage. Thanks for stopping by.

    • Besarien profile image

      Besarien 3 years ago

      Great hub! I had some dried breadfruit once. I'd love to try the fresh roasted in a fire some day. Bread food might actually cure world hunger since it grows fast and a single mature tree can feed a family. I heard about a contest a few years ago to come up with a cheap portable breadfruit dryer so than flour can be made and stored but never heard if anybody won.

    • Cardisa profile image
      Author

      Carolee Samuda 5 years ago from Jamaica

      Hey mi Rasta fren', now you have a hub like this. Sometimes I have to check your hubs before proceeding because I never know if you have done it....lol..

    • rasta1 profile image

      Marvin Parke 5 years ago from Jamaica

      You know how long I was waiting for someone to do a hub like this. Thanks a lot.

    • Cardisa profile image
      Author

      Carolee Samuda 5 years ago from Jamaica

      Hello Injured Lamb, I hope you try it roasted for it really is good that way, it's like eating freshly baked bread or potatoes.

    • Injured lamb profile image

      Injured lamb 5 years ago

      Thanks for the sharing Cardisa, surprise enough to know that it can be roasted...I have only tried the deep fry breadfruit so far...I would share this with my family and friends for sure...thanks again Cardisa, be blessed...

    • lobobrandon profile image

      Brandon Lobo 5 years ago

      Haha maybe the name is different over there, I'm not sure if those are the Indian names or English names :D

    • Cardisa profile image
      Author

      Carolee Samuda 5 years ago from Jamaica

      Brandon, I have no idea of the spelling because I have never heard of those fish...lol

    • lobobrandon profile image

      Brandon Lobo 5 years ago

      I love Mackerel it's one of my favorite fish only other competition is Surmai, Pomphrete and a few others. (Hope my spellings are right :D).

    • Cardisa profile image
      Author

      Carolee Samuda 5 years ago from Jamaica

      Hey Brandon, I love breadfruit, though I know people who aren't so in love with it. I think it all depends on how it's prepared and what you serve it with too. Breadfruit needs something with a bit of salt and strong flavor to enhance it. Like pickled mackerel, corn pork and salted cod fish.

    • lobobrandon profile image

      Brandon Lobo 5 years ago

      I'm not that fond of bread fruit. But, never knew that you could roast it that way. It tastes somewhat like a mixture of potato and bread when cooked.

    • Cardisa profile image
      Author

      Carolee Samuda 5 years ago from Jamaica

      Hi Carol, no fear breadfruit is great. you can have it as a breakfast, lunch or dinner staple. Give it a try, I think you'll love it.

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 5 years ago from Arizona

      I have never tried this. Looks interesting. Thanks for the information about this fruit. I have often wondered about it--no longer.

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