Types of Bullying and Harassment
Types of Bullying are Diverse
Bullying comes in many forms. Many people know the common types such as physical, emotional, or even cyber bullying. However, there are nearly endless ways one person can use power and control to prey on others.
Listing types of bullies is an important way to expose the variety you may come across. Bullies have many novel and creative as well as classic ways to hurt their victims. Bullying is nothing new and has been going on in schools, homes, and workplaces since schools, homes, and workplaces have been around.
The diverse tactics of bullying have expanded as technologies have advanced, but humans have not shown any social advancement through ridding the world of bullying.
Keep in mind that most bullying falls into more than one category. For example, a victim may be cyber-bullied socially and emotionally in the workplace. The combinations of types of bullying are endless. Here is a list of bully types that has been compiled from various sources into a larger and more comprehensive list.
Cyber Bullies are Tricky
- Flaming: Flaming involves arguing or fighting through digital communications such as instant messages, forums, chat rooms, or social media posts.
- Impersonation, Masquerading, and Denigration: Cyber bullies can be especially hurtful when they impersonate someone to spread lies to attack victims.
- Outing: Outing involves spreading personal or embarrassing information digitally, usually by publishing publicly on websites.
- Cyber Stalking or Harassment: These may involve monitoring a person's internet activities and threatening or badgering through digital means. Usually this is done anonymously, but the victim may or may not know who the real bully is.
- Rejecting: Rejecting includes leaving a victim out, name calling, or other humiliating actions.
- Isolating: Isolating bullies prevent the victim from social interactions apart from the bully. This makes it difficult for the victim to get help due to lack of social supports and inability to be exposed to "normal" social interactions.
- Ignoring: Ignoring bullies use the victim's needs as an opportunity to hurt the victim by refusing to respond or be helpful.
- Corrupting: Corrupting bullies expose the victim to illegal activities and may even encourage the victim to participate in illegal or immoral activities.
- Exploiting: Exploiting bullies take advantage of the victim for personal gain. Criticism may be used to get the victim to do unreasonable chores or tasks.
- Terrorizing: Terrorizing bullies use threats and intimidation to induce fear in the victim. Terrorizing includes making threats of violence or abandonment, exposing the victim to violence, yelling, or embarrassing the victim.
Controlling a victim's money is the way a financial bully maintains power and control. This is usually a type of bullying or abuse that occurs between people who share resources such as spouses. The bully may intentionally sabotage the financial stability of the victim by draining bank accounts or maxing out credit cards. A financial bully may make threats of withholding resources such as threatening to not pay for bills or a mortgage.
- Custody Bullying: Custody bullies use a fight for custody to create misery for the other parent.
- Power of Attorney Bullying: When someone who has power of attorney over another person, he/she is able to sign legal documents that can restrict freedoms, etc.
- Frivolous Lawsuit Bullying: Making threats of frivolous or unsubstantiated lawsuits is how some bullies push their desires on others.
- Accusation Bullying: Accusation bullies accuse another person of a crime that the other person didn't commit. This might be an act of retaliation or a way to control the victim through bribery.
Physical bullying happens any time a bully physiclaly harms a victim. Examples include: hitting, shoving, pinching, groping, grabbing, spitting, kicking, slapping, and tripping. Physical bullying also includes more classic pranks or hazing such as wedgies, towel snaps, titty twisters and swirlies. Physical bullying can also include intimidating or threatening gestures such as fake punching or showing the victim a weapon.
Serial bullying is a common form of bullying where a bully will choose one victim to focus on at one time until the victim is destroyed. Then the serial bully will select a new victim. This progresses and tactics may become more aggressive with each successive victim.
- Alienation: Alienation happens when a group of people purposefully shun or ignore a peer. This can be a result of a single bully telling others to not be friends with a victim.
- Reactive Bullying: Reactive bullies provoke others to hurt them, making it difficult to tell who the bully really is.
- Sarcastic Bullying: Sarcasm used in front of others is a common bully tactic. For example, "I like your shoes, they're so awesome! Where did you get those, the Dollar Store?"
- Spreading Rumors: Rumors can be a way for a social bully to damage the reputation of a victim. This can happen through note passing, verbally, or online.
- Vicarious Bullying: Vicarious bullies encourage others to bully. The bullying is then carried out vicariously. The vicarious bully may be a witness who laughs and adds to bullying in a supportive way.
Spiritual bullies attack a victim's spiritual beliefs or by attacking the victim's spiritual well-being. Examples include telling the victim that he or she is going to hell, making fun of religious deities or mocking spiritual activities.
Verbal bullying can mean any kind of bullying involving things that are said. Physical bullying is usually accompanied by verbal bullying which may include using: threats, yelling, mocking laughter, hostile joking, demeaning remarks, racist remarks, sexist remarks, or derogatory terms about sexual orientation.
- Corporate Bullying: Corporate bullies coerce employees to give up personal time for the job for example.
- Client Bullying: Client bullies bully those who serve them. Bullying a cashier, teacher, or nurse as a customer, student, or patient are examples.
- Regulation Bullying: Regulation bullies force the compliance of rules on others as a tactic of control. Reporting trivial rule breaking to someone's supervisor is an example.
- Hierarchical Bullying: Hierarchical bullies use the position of power within the organization to treat those in lower positions poorly.
- Peer Bullying: Peer bullying happens when an employee on the same level of work position bullies another employee.
- Upward Bullying: Upward bullying occurs when an employee bullies a manager or supervisor.
References for Types of Bullying, Abuse, and Harassment
"Bullying: what is it? Types of bullying, bullying tactics, how targets are selected, the difference between bullying and harassment." http://www.bullyonline.org/workbully/bully.htm
"Child Abuse Effects: Types of Emotional Abuse." http://www.child-abuse-effects.com/types-of-emotional-abuse.html
"Types of Bullying." http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/00117/typesbullying.html
"Types of Bullying: The Types of Bullying Often Found in Schools." http://tweenparenting.about.com/od/physicalemotionalgrowth/tp/Types-of-Bullying.htm
"What is Cyber Bullying." http://www.violencepreventionworks.org/public/cyber_bullying.page