ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel


Updated on April 17, 2016

Bureaucratic organizations are social units which are predominantly oriented to the attachment of specific goals. Bureaucracies is also an organization with a hierarchy of paid full time officials who formed a chain of command, concerned with the business of administration, with controlling, managing and co-coordinating a complex series units such as the family, friendship groups and the community, because they are set up to realize clearly defined goals.

Thus school are designed to transmit knowledge, hospitals to treat the sick, industrial firms to manufacture goods and services, while Government exercises political power in a state. The primary purpose of a Bureaucratic structure is to accomplish large scale administrative task with maximum efficiency.

Bureaucracies are sometimes inefficient because they become entangle in the red tape of complex procedures and regulations, but in other circumstances, they serve as a highly effective means of conducting large scale business. Bureaucracy is characterized principally by clear-cut division of labour and specialization of functions, hierarchy authority structure, systematized rules and regulations, impersonality and a secure and meritocratic career structure. In a bureaucracy, there is a clear-cut of division of labor in which the activities and duties of the organization are highly specialized.

Large scale tasks are broken down into small manageable units and specialists are appointed to manage them accordingly. In a car assembly line for instance, Mechanical Engineers, Electrical Engineers, structural Engineers, panel beaters, painters, upholstery experts are all involved in the performance of different aspects of the job, often with a supervisor over-seeing what goes on at every stages at a particular time.

In a bureaucracy, each office is under the supervision of another office. every official in the hierarchy is accountable to his supervisor for the behavior of his subordinates as well as for his own decisions and actions. The military chain of command in which a commander is responsible for all the officer and men of lower rank in his command is a good example. In civilian organizations, the line of communication between the various officials-Board of Directors, Managing Directors, Executive Directors, Managers, Superintendents, Division Heads, Foremen and workers are also carefully prescribed. The power and privileges of each position are clearly stated. Thus it is customary for a lower-level official to seek the advice and permission of his immediate boss before conducting business with a larger official.

Bureaucratic functions are governed by well established rules and regulations. There are directives, general orders, and standards designed to assure uniformity in the performance of every task. In manufacturing industries for instance, they provide operations manual for all their repair manuals exactly, each repair job should theoretically conform to a uniformly high standard. The ideal bureaucrat conducts the duties of his office in the spirit of formalistic impersonality. This is to ensure impartial and fair treatment of all clients. All officials and employees must remain detached and objective i their relations with their clients.

Bureaucracies are characterized by elaborate personnel policies designed to promote the fair, objective treatment of all employees. Bureaucracies establish policies on appointments, promotions, dismissals, retirements, insurance plans and various other benefits accruable to workers. These are to develop and sustain loyalty and high morale among employees of the organization. it is important to note that maintaining fairness completely on issues of promotions and benefits are often difficult. if promotions is based only on seniority, the young and capable member's of the organization may eventually grow discouraged. on the other hand, if promotion is based only on achievement, employees with years of faithful services feel that they are being neglected. The best solution to this problems, expert point, is the combined consideration of both seniority and achievement. The analyses of the principal characteristics of bureaucracies reveals a number of internal weakness. The most notable weakness being the flexibility or rigidity in situations requiring creative solutions. This results because bureaucrats, even when situations have change will stick to carrying out their duties as stipulated by the rules and regulations of their organization.

Thus organizational goals are displaced as obedience to the rules becomes a goal rather than a means to a goal.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)