ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Buttons Past to Present

Updated on May 14, 2012

One can button something down, button their lip, have a button nose, push the panic button or be cute as a button. The word is very versatile. But, no matter which way someone chooses to use it, they all refer to the same thing, the lowly, simple button. Today, they are so common most take them for granted.

However, that wasn’t always the case. This simple device dates back over 3,000 years. However, strangely enough at that time no one used them to fasten anything. They were used as simple decorations. Perhaps because no one had invented buttonholes yet.

Those came along during the 13th century in Europe. Apparently they got tired of getting stuck with pins holding up their trousers and got the idea from returning crusaders. At any rate, the button was about to revolutionize the clothing industry.

By 1250 the French had organized a Guild which created fine beautiful buttons resembling works of art and jewelry rather than clothing fasteners. The lowly button rose meteorically to a status symbol for the aristocracy and upper crust of society.

Button Art

1650-1675 Spanish Button

But even in those days there were fashion police. The aristocracy passed laws limiting peasants to the use of thread or cloth-covered buttons. Meanwhile, they lavishly adorned themselves with fancy buttons. Some outfits had thousands.

By the middle of the 1300s France was the button capital of Europe and the Guild was producing buttons for anything that could use one.

However, not everyone could afford such extravagance, so button makers also used silver, ceramics and silk. Even artists got in on the act painting exquisite portraits or scenery on them. But eventually, the fad began to die down. They were still fashionable, just not as many were being used. However, they made a big comeback when King Louis XIV had his entire army wear silver-colored bone buttons on their tunics.

In fact, during the 17th century a war was fought over them referred to as the War of the Buttons.The French started it by making cheap thread buttons,which worked so well they threatened to put other button makers out of business. To save their livelihoods they lobbied the government and a law was passed prohibiting the manufacture or use of thread buttons.

Mass production of buttons began early the 19th century, minus the previous restrictions. Buttons, made from thread, competed with bone and metal buttons. A button box became a common household item which contained buttons from discarded clothes.

Button history would not be complete without pointing out the white pearl button. A shipment from Japan flooded the market with them in the 1860s resulting in the eventual formation of the Pearly Kings and Queens of London in 1875. It all began with a young orphan named Henry Croft born in 1862. He became a Municipal Road Sweeper and rodent catcher at the age of 13 in the local market.

Henry soon made many friends, particularly among the Coster Mongers, known as tough, shrewd market traders. They Coster Mongers wore flashy outfits to differentiate themselves from other traders. Their trousers and waistcoats were decorated with a row of white pearl buttons down the doubt a result of the Japanese pearl button shipment.

The Costers looked after one another. Henry decided to take it one step further by helping other needy organizations as well. One day he appeared at a local carnival in a suit covered in tiny pearl buttons. Henry became an instant attraction with many hospitals and charitable organizations. That was the beginning of what eventually became the Pearly monarchy. Today, they are generally seen at charitable events.

By the turn of the 20th Century, picture and novelty buttons became popular and molding processes produced them in all shapes and sizes. And they could now have scenes automatically printed onto them. Perhaps it was this that prompted button collecting as a hobby.

Despite the introduction of zippers and Velcro, buttons continue to hold their own in the market. Nowadays, the most common materials used in button making are hard plastic, seashell and wood.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      im trying to locate a site on French buttons, i go metal detecting and find loads of old French buttons most seem to made by a company called Mersier & Corpet there anyone out there can help me please date these buttons...thanks

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      6 years ago from southern USA

      Facsinating! Very well written and researched hub on the history of the button. Lovely.

    • ahmed.b profile image


      6 years ago from Sweden

      Nice info about button. I never thought so deep about it.

    • VirginiaLynne profile image

      Virginia Kearney 

      6 years ago from United States

      Fabulous hub. Interesting, fun and very well written. I did not know this history at all even though I'm a literature specialist in the 19th century. I'll have to look for references to buttons. I'd love to know your sources or some books I could read to get more information.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)