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Cherry blossom and other tree flowers-A Visual Guide

Updated on August 5, 2015

Cherry blossom

Cherry Blossom make impressive displays. Photograph courtesy of Kropsoq.
Cherry Blossom make impressive displays. Photograph courtesy of Kropsoq.

Notes from a Lancashire Countryman

April takes its name from the Latin "Aperire" a word which describes the unfurling of the leaf, a fitting description at this time of the year.

"LOVELIEST OF TREES THE CHERRY-NOW

IS HUNG WITH BLOOM ALONG THE BOUGH,

AND STANDS ABOUT THE WOOD-LAND, WEARING WHITE FOR EASTERTIDE"

From a poem - a Shropshire lad by A E, Houseman.

It is not only the ground flora that enhance the countryside with an array of colourful blooms. Trees and shrubs put on a floral spectacular of their own.It is not necessary to travel into the heart of the countryside to gaze upon this spring time splendour, many varieties can be admired in parks and gardens throughout the region. Local Authorities have long employed trees and shrubs to brighten town centres, parks and industrial areas.

For many people, one of the most familiar flowering trees will be the ornamental cherries. The spring and Tibetan species are among the first to flower. However, it is the wild native cherry, reaching a height of thirty metres, which takes pride of place for me. To see a mature specimen in a pasture or woodland ride in all its blossoming glory is truly a sight to behold. The flowers appear with or just before the leaves, usually in clusters of two to six. They are white and borne on long stalks.

Other familiar flowering "garden trees" such as the laburnum will put on a display before the month is out. The bright yellow pea like flowers will cascade from pendulous sprays. These are then followed by the formation of seed pods which are hairy while young, becoming smooth as they mature. The seeds of laburnum are highly poisonous to animals and children and are copious in the autumn, they are round, small , and black when ripe.

April is the month that allows most of our trees to be clothed again in all their finest greenery, following the grim nakedness of winter. The horse chestnut is one of our earliest trees to take advantage of the new season. The swollen sticky buds are conspicuously large and of a deep brown colour. The stickiness is a ploy, also shared by other species of tree, to prevent damage, to the new growth. As the buds burst and new foliage begins to emerge, it is noticeable that the young, pale green leaves are clothed in a white down, protection for the forming leaves against the ravages of our coldest months. Once the leaves are fully expanded the down is quickly discarded.

The foliage of horse chestnut are palmate, having five to seven leaflets, toothed along their margins. Each are cut back to the base and spread out like fingers on a hand. They are of an elongated pair shape. The entire leaf may easily attain the width of 20cm, making it the largest leaf on any tree in Britain. The leaf stalks, known as petioles, may also reach a length of 20cm. The flower spikes are borne in April along with the foliage but it will be the middle of May before the spikes commonly referred to as candles burst into flower.

The common white flowered horse chestnut produces many white flowers spiraled around the "candle". They consist of four or five petals which have delicate shades of yellow or pink at their bases. The stamens protruding from the centre are red tipped adding to the alchemy of colour. These candles often up to 30 cm long, are in my opinion, one of the most beautiful tree blooms that nature has to offer. Two or three spikes in full bloom will enhance any vase of spring flowers. They have the bonus of lasting well in water. When in full bloom it is a majestic sight and few trees can match its floral contribution.

The red flowered species is a cross between the common white flowered and the red buckeye, a north American species of the same family. As its common name suggests, the flowers of this species are of a pinkish red. They are smaller in all respects to those of the white. However, a tree in fullbloom still produces a stunning display. It differs also by the seed cases which fall in autumn. Those of the white, which encase the "conker" are spiny those of the crossed species lack the spines. Most horse chestnut trees will have gained their stature after being planted. They appear to be reluctant getting established by natural means. It has been so widely planted that it is easy to forget that this common tree is not native to our shores, it was introduced from Europe.

Horse chestnut flowers

The flowers of the white horse chestnut make a stunning display. Photograph courtesy of Bogdan Giusca
The flowers of the white horse chestnut make a stunning display. Photograph courtesy of Bogdan Giusca
The red flowering species is a cross bred with the north American red buckeye. Photograph courtesy of Rudiger Wolk
The red flowering species is a cross bred with the north American red buckeye. Photograph courtesy of Rudiger Wolk

I recall---

I recall on one occasion that I was admiring the floral display of the trees I was resting at the foot of a tree. I noticed a small white feather rocking its way to the ground from somewhere above my head. This was soon followed by an assortment of other small pieces of debris including straw and bits of paper. Moving to a suitable sight, I scanned the upper regions of the tree with my binoculars. The culprit was soon located. A starling was busy, presumably spring cleaning its nest site, in preparation of the coming season. A small round hole at the top of the tree trunk led to the chosen place of this bird. As I watched it made several appearances popping its head out, each time discarding a beak full of old nesting material. The starling along with the house sparrow, is a familiarbird, often noticed taking nesting material into any available nook or cranny, especially under roof tiles or weather boards of houses. It is an untidy builder, using elaborate amounts of coarse grasses, straw and bits of paper. The bird then lines the nest with feathers or/and hair on which to lay its eggs.

The eggs of the starling are beautiful. They are rather long and of a lovely pale blue colour without a single blemish. Although there are records of dull, rough surfaced eggs, the ones I have encountered over the years have had the typical smooth glossy finish. Four to six eggs are the usual clutch size. Most books on the subject inform me that they are usually laid in April. The local starlings can not have read the script and many begin to layeggs during the early weeks of March. The birds are easily tempted into using nest boxes that are especially designed for them, which need to be located a t a suitable height. These boxes were once used to control their numbers, the eggs being removed when the clutch was complete. Sadly, however, this familiar bird is declining in numbers nation wide.

The once common starling

The once common starling is now in decline nation wide.Photograph courtesy of Mark Robinson.
The once common starling is now in decline nation wide.Photograph courtesy of Mark Robinson.

Comments

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    • D.A.L. profile imageAUTHOR

      Dave 

      8 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      hypnodude, once again , thank you for reading and for leaving your comments.

    • hypnodude profile image

      Andrew 

      8 years ago from Italy

      I love April too, so full of flowers and beauty, all pictures are great, but the one of the starling is wonderful. Thumbs up.

    • D.A.L. profile imageAUTHOR

      Dave 

      8 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      Darlene-once again I have to thank you for your encouraging comment. Thank you for reading.

    • Darlene Sabella profile image

      Darlene Sabella 

      8 years ago from Hello, my name is Toast and Jam, I live in the forest with my dog named Sam ...

      Excellent hub, I love the pictures of all the flora you witness. It makes you want to each out to touch them and smell them. You are such a master at writing for all eyes to see, to smell, and to enjoy...thank you so much.

    • D.A.L. profile imageAUTHOR

      Dave 

      8 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      Coolmon2009, thank you for reading ad for leaving your appreciated comment.

    • Coolmon2009 profile image

      Coolmon2009 

      8 years ago from Texas, USA

      Nice hub, and beautiful descriptions.

    • D.A.L. profile imageAUTHOR

      Dave 

      8 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      jayjay40, always nice to hear from you. Thank you for your kind comments.

      anginwu, thank you for reading and for leaving your appreciated comments.

      billyaustindillon, the poem you appreciated comes from an English poet A.E.Houseman from a collection of poems called -from a Shropshire lad. Thank you for reading.

    • billyaustindillon profile image

      billyaustindillon 

      8 years ago

      Perfect poem to go with the cherry blossom - cheers!

    • anglnwu profile image

      anglnwu 

      8 years ago

      Beautiful descriptions of cherry blossoms and enjoyed the lovely story of the starling and her spring cleaning efforts. Thanks!

    • jayjay40 profile image

      jayjay40 

      8 years ago from Bristol England

      Beautiful hub, lovely photos, thoughtful words

    • D.A.L. profile imageAUTHOR

      Dave 

      8 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      Rose Kolowinski,Thank you for your nice comments they are appreciated. I am not familiar with the redbud maybe you could do a hub about it.

    • Rose Kolowinski profile image

      Rose Kolowinski 

      8 years ago

      I look forward to the flowering trees every spring. My favorite is the redbud. They are all so beautiful but last such a short time. Very nice hub - you have an enjoyable writing style.

    • D.A.L. profile imageAUTHOR

      Dave 

      8 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      suziecat7,thank you for reading and for leaving your appreciated comment.

      PeggyW, I try to please HaHa. Thank you for reading and taking the time to comment which are welcome.

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      8 years ago from Houston, Texas

      As you were describing that horse chestnet blossom I was hoping to get to see it...and lo and behold...you provided some lovely photos. It truly IS beautiful. Thanks for a very descriptive hub about that tree and other things, including the birds.

    • suziecat7 profile image

      suziecat7 

      8 years ago from Asheville, NC

      I'm starting to see blossoms on the dogwood trees here. Enjoyed this spring Hub.

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