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Climate and Weather: The Current Heat Wave in the United States

Updated on June 3, 2014

Yes, there is, indeed, a heat wave in the United States. Temperature records are being set even as this article is being written, and long range forecasts say it will continue for several more weeks.

So what the heck is going on? First a warmer-than-normal winter and now a warmer-than-normal summer; is it cyclical as some believe, or is it further fodder for those who believe in global warming?

Any such discussion must first start with an explanation of what weather is and what causes weather.

DEFINITIONS FIRST, THEN EXPLANATIONS

Weather is defined as the atmospheric conditions at a given time in a given place. Climate is the atmospheric conditions for a place over a long period of time.

For example, the weather in Olympia, Washington on the 4th of July was 72 degrees Fahrenheit, a gentle wind of 5 mph and clear skies. The climate for Olympia is West Coast Marine, which means that Olympia is greatly affected by the Pacific Ocean with close to fifty inches of rain annually, moderate temperatures winter and summer, and moderate humidity.

SO WHAT CAUSES WEATHER?

Weather is the product of uneven heating by the sun on the Earth’s surface. Heat is transported both vertically and horizontally within our atmosphere, and whenever there is air transporting heat from higher to lower temperatures there must also be a return flow of air in the opposite direction. This process is called an atmospheric cell and there are three major cells at work constantly as we go about our daily lives. Those three cells are the Hadley Cell, the Ferrel Cell, and the Polar Cell.

HADLEY CELL

Discovered by George Hadley in the 18th Century, this refers to the rising of heat above the Equator and then the motion of that heat toward the poles. When that energy reaches the 30th Parallel, north and south, the energy sinks down to the surface and then circulates back toward the equator.

If you look at a map of the Earth you will note that most of the world’s deserts fall within this 30 degree area. That is not by accident.

FERREL CELL

We have William Ferrel to thank for this discovery during the early 19th Century. What he found was that the Ferrel Cell acts sort of like a ball bearing between the Polar Cells and the Hadley Cells, bringing warm air toward the Poles from the 30th Parallels and returning colder air from the Poles to the subtropics.

In conjunction with the theories of George Hadley, it was determined that the air movement within the Ferrel Cell will almost always move west to east in the Northern Hemisphere and from east to west in the Southern Hemisphere between the 30th and 60th Parallels.

POLAR CELL

Like the Hadley Cells, the Polar Cells are a closed loop. Air is warm enough to rise at the 60th Parallels and then move toward the Poles. Once it reaches the Poles it will cool off and drop down to the surface of the Earth, where it will close the loop by returning to the 60th Parallels, and then the process starts all over again.

BUT THERE IS SO MUCH MORE

Jet Streams are fast flowing currents of air that circulate between 23,000-39.000 feet above sea level. Think in terms of a raging river of air constantly moving around the Earth. The strongest of the jet streams is the Polar Jet Stream. These rivers of air circulate in a general west-to-east direction, but they can easily meander in a northerly or southerly direction for a few hundred miles and then change direction. It all depends on the rising and falling of warm air and where that rise and fall occurs.

EL NINO AND LA NINA

Recent studies have found a phenomenon occurring in the eastern Pacific Ocean near the Equator. The El Nino phenomenon is an increase in the surface temperature of the ocean in this area, usually by at least 0.5 degree Celsius.

The La Nina is the opposite occurrence in the same region, usually a drop in surface temperature of between 3-5 degrees Celsius. Scientists cannot agree on the cause of these anomalies but there is no doubt that they affect the weather, most notably between the 30th and 60th Parallels, and each lasts between one to two years.

PUT IT ALL TOGETHER AND YOU GET…….

Well, yes, what do we get? We get constantly moving air of different temperatures, and a constant battle between warm and cool air. We have weather systems constantly moving around the Earth, each interacting in a delicate and complicated dance.

WHICH BRINGS US TO….

Well, it brings us to the current heat wave in the United States. If this air aloft is constantly moving, and systems normally move from west to east, how come this high pressure system is parked over much of the United States and is not moving?

It is unusual but for certain it has happened in the past and will happen again in the future, and in truth scientists are not certain why it is happening right now; nor are they certain why the recently completed winter was warmer than normal. For whatever reason, and chances are it is because of several reasons, the high pressure system is not moving; the jet stream has taken a detour and any low-pressure systems that could change things are being diverted north or south of the United States.

Remember that it takes several days to several weeks for a weather pattern to change; thus the prediction that this heat wave could continue for awhile longer.

ONE MAN’S LOOK BACK IN TIME

I can tell you with all certainty that the climate has changed in the Pacific Northwest during my lifetime. I do not need scientific data to know that; I have simply observed a drastic change in the climate over the past fifty years. Spring and summer are much cooler than they were when I was a youngster and winters are milder. Of course we will have the occasional year when those statements are not true, but overall I can say without a doubt that there has been a major shift in this area.

The question then becomes why? Here is where the major debate begins, a debate that can be heard around the world, from the man on the street to the lawmakers and scientific community. Are we seeing the effects of global warming? Has the hole in the ozone layer caused this drastic change in weather? Is this just cyclical in nature and will the cycle run its course and then a new cycle begin?

I have no desire to debate any of this! If scientists, with all of their schooling and expertise, cannot agree, then my input seems a bit futile in nature.

FINAL THOUGHTS

One thing that is not debated is the fact that all weather is interconnected. It is a constant game of cause and effect being played out above us daily. Think in terms of the Butterfly Effect on steroids. What happens at the Equator will eventually affect other parts of the world. The three circulation cells and the jet streams guarantee that fact.

Warmer air at the Equator will bring about a change in weather somewhere else. Colder air at the Poles will also bring about a change. Toss the Water Cycle into the argument and one has to ask what deforestation in the Amazon is doing to the world’s weather and climates? How are the melting ice caps affecting the weather? And on and on we go!

We are talking about an intricate balance, one that is greatly affected by any number of factors; it has been that way since the beginning of time and it will continue, unabated, well beyond our time here on Earth. As stewards of this planet let us hope that we find definitive answers to many of these questions sooner rather than later.

2012 William D. Holland (aka billybuc)

For more articles about Mother Earth see the following:

http://billybuc.hubpages.com/hub/Earth-Day-April-22nd-Activities-For-Your-Children

http://billybuc.hubpages.com/hub/World-Environment-Day-June-5th

To purchase any of my books on Kindle go to:

http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=ntt_athr_dp_sr_1?_encoding=UTF8&search-alias=digital-text&field-author=William%20D.%20Holland

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    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thanks Rahul! It's the teacher in me breaking out!

    • rahul0324 profile image

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      Whoa... Loads of info here Sir Bill

      Awesome Hub

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      rfmoran, that would be interesting indeed; have like a mental battle royal with the brightest scientists in the world taking part.....let's get the info out there and debate....and then act on it.

    • rfmoran profile image

      Russ Moran 5 years ago from Long Island, New York

      Great job on this Hub Bill. It is clear that you were once a teacher. I would love to see a formal, moderated debate between respected scientists rather than being treated to talking head sound bites. I agree that with so much difference of opinion in the scientific community, let them come forth and enlighten us

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Deborah, I think that is a very valid concern...and of course, that means prices will rise for all of us eventually. Thanks for stopping by and stay cool.

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      Deborah Neyens 5 years ago from Iowa

      Interesting and informative hub, Bill. While I loved the mild winter here in Iowa (our first in many years) the hot summer has been trying. And I'm really starting to worry about the farmers and their crops because it has been so dry.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Highvoltagewriter, thank you very much! It helps that I taught this subject in middle school, so at least I had a working knowledge of it going in.

    • Highvoltagewriter profile image

      William Benner 5 years ago from Savannah GA.

      Well done, your research is impeccable! I have learned a lot from this hub.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Tammy, in this instance, I hope the Mayans were dead wrong. :) This was actually an easy hub to write since I taught this subject the last four years of my teaching career.

      Thanks, always!

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Dianna, thank you! I think the teacher in both of us will always be just below the surface, waiting for a chance to rise up and inform. :)

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      Tammy 5 years ago from North Carolina

      Excellent research on the causes of climate changes. The weather this year has been very strange. In NC we barley had a winter. Now it is dangerously hot for extended periods. Makes one wonder if there will be a cataclysmic event at the end of the year as the Mayans predict. Great hub!

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 5 years ago

      Bill, the teacher in your is always there and very much valued. I found this very well written and covers the current climate question well. Hope that we see some relief soon for those who need the rain. 100 degrees in my old Indiana hometown today!

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Ruby, we have the exact opposite. Our crops are suffering from too much rain. Weird stuff for sure. Thank you my friend.

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      Ruby Jean Fuller 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

      It is supposed to be 108 here in southern Il. today. Crops are burning up in the fields, no rain for a long time. Thank's for the educational hub concerning the weather...

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Mary, good one on the Ferrel joke! Hey, I'm not getting notified when you write; I just noticed you have written several of late that I never heard about. I'm sorry my friend; I will have to figure something out so I know when you write. Have a great weekend.

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      Mary Craig 5 years ago from New York

      So, my hub on global warming doesn't come near yours on the current heat wave! In observing weather here, (that's NY) for the most part winters are milder and summers seem to be hotter....hmmm.

      I would have to imagine that you were a very good teacher since we are all learning from your hubs!

      Oh, by the way is William Ferrell related to the current Will(iam) Ferrell because it appears the joke's on us!

      Voted up, useful and interesting.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Awww, thanks Cyndi! You warm my heart with comments like that. Sleep well and enjoy your weekend.

    • cclitgirl profile image

      Cynthia Sageleaf 5 years ago from Western NC

      I just had to come by again. You crack me up. You keep on rockin' the world, Big Bro. You're touching lives in so many ways. :)

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thank you Mhatter! It's hard for me to write pieces like this and keep my opinions out of them. :)

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 5 years ago from San Francisco

      Congratulations on a great and well researched report. Much easier to blame "global warming"', like that's going to happen tomorrow. :)

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Pages, I tried to make it unbiased even thought I lean heavily toward protecting the Earth and I obviously have concerns, especially regarding deforestation. Thank you for your comment and your follow. I look forward to following you as well.

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      Dennis L. Page 5 years ago from New York/Pennsylvania border

      Voted up, useful and interesting. You have presented an unbiased and detailed article surrounding climate, global warming and climate change. I live in the northeastern U.S. and in the Snowbelt. Last winter I used my snow blower just one time. Also, in September 2011 we suffered the devastation of a 500 year flood where we lost entire neighborhoods, businesses, nursing homes, schools, etc. However, just 5 years prior we had another 500 year flood. It doesn't make much sense and I am no scientist, but merely someone who wants to protect our lands and natural resources. I will admit, there is a part of me that worries about the future of our planet and what it will be like for my grandchildren.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Interesting, Dave, and probably to be expected since nobody has a definitive answer for the changes happening elsewhere. Thanks for the input; I appreciate you dropping by and leaving a comment with some meat to it. :)

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      Davesworld 5 years ago from Cottage Grove, MN 55016

      I also have 50+ years of weather observations for Minnesota. I don't see anything that I would call a long term change in climate here. It's currently hot and dry, but it's not the first time I have seen this, nor the second. Last two summers were unusually wet like several before them. Last winter was mild, but that just adds to the list of half a dozen or more mild winters in my lifetime. The winter before was exceptionally snowy adding to the list of exceptionally snowy winters over time.

      Overall, nothing much has changed here.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      PWalker, it's good to see you. Thank you for dropping by! I am not wise enough to decipher all of the factors that go into the weather; I'm just wise enough to understand that there is a change. :) I hope you are well and happy! Sending you blessings and peace from Olympia.

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      PWalker281 5 years ago

      William, thanks for explaining the difference between weather and climate and for the interesting facts about both.

      Like you, I've been able to observe the climate on the east coast over a 50+ year period. And it has definitely changed. When I was growing up in Washington DC in the 50s and 60s, we'd get our first snow fall around the end of October or the beginning of November. Just before I moved to Hawaii in 2007, we would be lucky if it snowed at all during the winter, although some winters it did. Also, summer temps have increased, and the winters are a lot milder.

      What's the cause of this? It's hard to say given all of the things that can affect climate. I used to think it was global warming, but now I'm not so sure. It's probably one of many factors that we aren't even aware of.

      In any event, your hub has given me much food for thought. Voted up, useful, and interesting.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Ann, I wasn't touching that debate...once that can of worms is opened that's all the comments would be about. Thank you my friend and best wishes in that heat wave.

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Kelley, it's 75 degrees here; you need to take care my friend. That is just way too hot for this boy! Thank you for your kind words; I tried to make it so anyone could understand.

    • Ann1Az2 profile image

      Ann1Az2 5 years ago from Orange, Texas

      THAT was interesting - for the first time in my life, the weather systems have been explained in a way I can actually understand them! Thanks!

      That being said, I KNEW that the weather in Texas was getting hotter every summer and sooner. It isn't even the middle of July yet, and temperatures are in the high nineties where I'm at. Dallas hit the 100s two weeks ago.

      You're right - you could open up a whole can of worms on the debate about global warming, but I like it that you just explained the weather. Voted up.

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      kelleyward 5 years ago

      I have to admit I don't know much at all about the science if weather. My suite mate at OU majored in meteorology and that's about the extent of my knowledge. I did however enjoy reading this hub. You have a great ability to grab the attention of the reader. By the way it's 105 degrees in KC today. Take care, Kelley

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Stephanie, I hated science in school; it wasn't until I started teaching it and had to find a way to make it interesting that I started to enjoy it. Thank you and I'm glad your eyes didn't' glaze over. LOL

    • Stephanie Henkel profile image

      Stephanie Henkel 5 years ago from USA

      I'm a long way from understanding the mechanics of the weather, but your hub did enlighten me about the workings of atmospheric cells and their effects on global weather. Usually this kind of thing makes my eyes glaze over, but you did a great job of simplifying the science and keeping it interesting right to the end! Great hub, voted up! Oh, and BTW, weather report from NC: it HOT! :)

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Kathy, thank you! I was trying not to make it too dry and boring, so it's nice to hear people found it informative.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Cyndi, I think you already know where I stand on the issue, but I chose not to write an editorial in this hub but rather just keep it fact-based. Thanks Sis; always nice having you drop by. Now get busy on that new career.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Nephew, you are welcome! Science was never a subject I enjoyed until I started teaching it, and then I found I could teach it in such a way that made it interesting.

      I appreciate your support buddy!

    • KathyH profile image

      KathyH 5 years ago from Las Vegas, Nevada

      Very well written, researched and informative hub! I learned a lot! :)

    • cclitgirl profile image

      Cynthia Sageleaf 5 years ago from Western NC

      Yep, another good one from Bill. Though I would secretly like to know where you *really* stand on the climate issue. hehehehe.

      Indeed, the weather has changed and it's hotter. I just hope we're not like frogs in boiling water. Fantastic hub as always!

    • josh3418 profile image

      Joshua Zerbini 5 years ago from Pennsylvania

      Thanks for this hub full of knowledge! I appreciate you writing hubs like these, because I learn a lot from them. It makes me feel like I am back in school! :) You are a smart man, and I enjoy all of your writing styles! I do have to echo TT,s observation in that some of this went over my head, but science was never my best subject. :) But, with hubs like these, I am able to stretch my mind, and I now I know more about weather than I ever have! Thanks Uncle Bill!

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Brenda, you are very welcome. I really appreciate you stopping by once again.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Paula...Cougar is right! Those claws are sharpened and ready to do damage. Thank God we are friends!

    • brenda12lynette profile image

      brenda12lynette 5 years ago from Utah

      It has actually cooled off here in West Texas this week! Thanks for the weather lesson, billybuc. I'm sure I learned this all at some point but a refresher never hurts!

    • fpherj48 profile image

      Paula 5 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

      I can't possibly be arrested sitting in my house 2 inches from the air-conditioner 24/7.........and I'll have you know Mr. Billi....willi...nilli.......I do not take my ornery attitude out on anyone......except maybe a smart-assed hubber now and then........Know any?? tee hee......I'm as harmless as a little soft and furry kitty cat.......COUGAR-style.

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Paula...you, grumpy? Hard to imagine! LOL Let's hope that heat subsides soon so you aren't arrested. Thanks buddy!

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Lord, there is much truth in what you say! The ancient civilizations seemed to know more without technology. Think about animals and how they sense climate change instinctively. Great comment my friend and thank you!

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Barbara, we in the Northwest truly do not know what it's like...we might have one heat wave in five years and then it last about five days. I feel for ya. Thank you!

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      TT....LOL...I like you too, Sis!

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      Paula 5 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

      bill....your hub? I like it. This friggan unbearable heat? It makes me ornery! I HATE it. Simple as that. Any more questions?

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      Joseph De Cross 5 years ago

      Great explanation Bill. Historically, we have seen changes that have left traces. Moosoons, off Japan and Philippines causes a similar effect as our hurricanes. We will never agree on weather forescast because is based on data and formulas fed from satellites. One time, when I was studying pre-Columbian civilizations, I read that the Incas knew already that there was a cycle of drastic changes every 15,000 years, therefore they built their famous highways (trails) way above sea level. Apaches and North American Tribes respected nature and learned from ancestors many stories that died in time. The U.S. is 232 years old, but climate changes have been happening way before cretacean ages. We hope we can get back to milder temperatures though. Above 96 degrees for the last 10 days on the east coast. Enjoyed your hub Billy!

      LORD

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      Barbara Badder 5 years ago from USA

      This was interesting with a lot of information I didn't know. Whatever is causing this heat, I wish it would go away. We haven't gotten rain in a month and everything is drying to a crisp. Gardens and crops are going to be ruined.

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      Terrye Toombs 5 years ago from Somewhere between Heaven and Hell without a road map.

      lol @ Bill. Naw, I like you too much...I'll save it for young pups that have an enlarged sense of ego and the inability to listen to slight wisdom. :)

    • billybuc profile image
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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Sha, what can I tell ya! Things are a'changin'

      Thanks buddy; eighty here today and gorgeous.

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Hey,, Midget, thanks! Every once in a while the teacher in me surfaces for another lesson. I appreciate your comment about the weather there in Singapore.

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      TT....my dog pack wouldn't attack Ted Bundy if they had the chance. You are perfectly safe in kicking my butt. LOL

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      Terrye Toombs 5 years ago from Somewhere between Heaven and Hell without a road map.

      I'm sorry, I think half those words were too big for me to understand. Can you make it Alaska level? :) (So gonna kick yer butt when I come to visit - wait, yer old, and I don't want your dog pack to chew my foot off). :)

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      Michelle Liew 5 years ago from Singapore

      Great info, Bill. Agree completely, the weather is changing...here in Singapore, it rains less often than usual during the periods when it's supposed to be wet and more often during sunnier times! Monsoonal change has been affected drastically. Great job, weatherman!

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      Shauna L Bowling 5 years ago from Central Florida

      Wow, that was a mouthful! The teacher in you definitely drove the voice of this hub! Interesting.

      I feel for the rest of the country. It's 95 here today, with typical Florida afternoon storms or showers. Something's up when the rest of the country is hotter than Florida!

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Well, TT, it doesn't help that you have lived in North Dakota, Montana and Alaska....that's like the Holy Trinity of dumb! LMAO

      Thanks Sis; nice of you to make me feel like this isn't boring

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Kathleen, that was an interesting observation by that old man. I started to laugh and then caught myself and started thinking about it....not so funny after all. Thank you my friend; have a great weekend.

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      Terrye Toombs 5 years ago from Somewhere between Heaven and Hell without a road map.

      I love it when you put your teacher's hat back on, I always learn (re-learn?) so much. Heck, half of this stuff you covered in your hub seemed brand new to me...where have I been? :) VUMS. :)

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Becki....LOL....great comment. Yes, they should keep their bickering behind closed doors. I'm getting tired of them yelling so loudly that the neighborhood can hear them....and when they make up....YIKES! I don't want to hear those sounds either.

      Thank you dear lady!

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Love, the reasons for different weather are well-known; why the long-term changes, though...now that's the question that scientists are stumped on. I hope they figure it out as I'm very curious. Thank you for visiting once again.

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Pooja, the changes cannot be denied. Now if we could only figure out why they are happening.

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thank you Janine; it is such a complex subject that it is hard to simplify it. It helped to have taught middle school science. I appreciate you stopping by and commenting.

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Pooja, I have always had a fascination with the weather, and I taught science for a few years. As for monsoons, no, we do not get them here.

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      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Mike, this is one of those subjects where I withhold my opinion on, simply because there are too man technical factors involved, and if the experts can't agree then who am I to toss my thoughts into the ring?

      I have always been fascinated by the weather; thus the genesis for this hub. I know for a fact we have cycles in weather, so that possibility is very real as an explanation.

      Anyway, loved your comments; in-depth and well-thought out. I appreciate it buddy.

    • Kathleen Cochran profile image

      Kathleen Cochran 5 years ago from Atlanta, Georgia

      Interesting explanations for what we are all experiencing these days. An elderly man I knew in Kansas a few years ago said he thought the months were moving ahead by about 30 days. Doesn't explain the warming, but I thought he made a good observation. Hope this is a topic you keep us all up on. You do it well.

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      Shining Irish Eyes 5 years ago from Upstate, New York

      Please tell Hadley and Ferrel to knock it the heck off. And El Nino and La Nina need to find some more constructive ways to spend their days. They also should consider going to couples counciling and stop taking out their differences on the rest of use. Keep it behind closed doors like us dysfunctional humans do!!

      Seriously Bill - You are the only individual I know who can make this subject so interesting. Although I remember experiencing these same tempuratures periodically throughout my life.

      Great write friend and I would write more but the lap top is getting wet and sinki....................

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      lovedoctor926 5 years ago

      Hi Billy,

      This is a very well-written hub with good explanations. The factors that you mentioned do play a role in the climate and heat wave, but I'm guessing that if scientists don't have a clue as of yet, then further research needs to be done. It's also very hot and humid down here in Miami. Voted up.

    • Dr Pooja profile image

      Dr Pooja 5 years ago

      Completely agree with you Bill.There has been a drastic change in climate all over the world.In North India we now have harsh summers and short and milder winters as compared to the time when I was a kid.

    • Janine Huldie profile image

      Janine Huldie 5 years ago from New York, New York

      Loved reading this new hub from you Bill. I knew many of these terms from helping co-teach a section of 8th grade science to an inclusion based class. But honestly loved how you put it all together with current heat wave we are experiencing. So much valuable information here and of course have voted up and shared too.

    • poojasd7 profile image

      poojasd7 5 years ago from India

      Are you from the weather department? :-) You know so much about it! Technical hub.

      Do you get monsoons there?

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      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      I like your take Bill on the changes in the weather systems and the global climates, and over the full course of 50 years or so you've been observing it all. I personally always thought that things will never remain constant and will always change.

      When I attended philosophy class in college I learn that constant change is permanent, and things will always change over time as well. I learned that from two great philosophers, one was Parmenides, and the other was Heraclitus.

      I know your hub dealt with the weather but atmospheric changes is pretty much the full gist of what you wrote and so I love to break things down into much simpler terms at times.

      Storms, heatwaves and all will come and go, and I think with the way you see things we both understand such a principle, I also don't buy the whole premise behind global warming myself. It seems preposterous to believe in such things even though we are experiencing a drastic climate shift in our present times.

      What about all the extinction level events the earth has subjected its inhabitants to, I'm sure much of it was due to changes in the earths atmospheric conditions. I think its all part of the earths total life cycle pretty much, and so you may be 100% correct in your mode of thought here in your hub.

      Powerful hub here Bill, and one of your most highly detailed scientifically supported ones I've read thus far. Nicely done, voted up and you know the rest.

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      Author

      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Spy, thank you! Yes, El Nino and La Nina affect most of the world. I appreciate you stopping by and reading.

    • unknown spy profile image

      IAmForbidden 5 years ago from Neverland - where children never grow up.

      Hi Billy..Im glad to dive in on this hub. Even if im not living on the us. at least I've got new infos about weathers. We also experiencing El Nino and La Nina here.

      all my votes..shared