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Common Types Of Spiders

Updated on December 24, 2011

Spiders belong to the class arachnids of arthropods. Although they may slightly resemble insects these arthropods are different and special hence given a separate class. Following are some characteristics of spiders:

  • Generally all spiders have eight legs, have two body parts, and are carnivores.
  • All spiders share a unique characteristic of making webs. These webs are made by spiders to catch their prey.
  • All spiders like to live in corners and in small secluded spaces.
  • Most spiders are harmless while some may be dangerous and poisonous.

There are hundreds of different species of spiders out of which some common species include:

Black widow spider
Black widow spider | Source

Black Widow Spider

The black widow spider is one of the most famous and the most feared spider in the world. They are categorized by their glossy black body which has red spots underneath the abdomen. Some species may also have orange brown spots on top of the abdomen.

They are usually 3-4 inch in length 5-8 inch in diameter. They are also recognized by their web which is irregular in shape and is built a few inches above the ground. They are not specific about their food and eat any insect that comes across their way. Another famous fact of black widows is that the female black widows mostly eat up male black widows after mating.

They are termed as dangerous spiders because their bite results in severe pain and allergy in humans and in some cases may also prove to be fatal.They like to live in corners and small secluded places where insects show up a lot. Usually they are found under toilet seats, boxes, cupboard corners and under construction buildings. They are not, however found in all parts of the world.

Head of a Cellar Spider
Head of a Cellar Spider

Cellar Spider

Cellar spiders are very common house spiders which are found in all parts of the world. They are whitish or cream in color, have a very thin body which can grow up to 3-4 inches and have very long and thin legs. Because of their long legs they may look larger than their size.

Cellar spiders make large, tangled webs and usually hang upside down from their web. When their web becomes old these spiders add more web to the old one, because of this their habitat is a mesh of webs accumulated over time.

They are not dangerous spiders in fact they are termed as good beneficial spiders as they also eat some other dangerous species of spiders as well along with pests. They live in damp, dark and secluded places as well as in corners and doorways. One might get scared when they jump down from their web but they are completely harmless.

Crab Spider
Crab Spider | Source

Crab Spider

Crab spiders are common outdoor spiders which feed on outdoor insects such as flies and butterflies. These spiders are very small in size nearly 1.5 inch in length and are of different colors.

Most species are brown while some may be green or yellow. These spiders may be small in size but they are great hunters. They wait for their prey quietly and patiently and then ambush them. They are rarely seen inside

Brown Recluse Spider
Brown Recluse Spider | Source

Brown Recluse Spider

Brown recluse spiders are large spiders which are 5-8 inches in length with exceptionally small legs that are around 0.5 to 1 inch in length. They are brown in color and have fiddled shaped marks on their cephalothorax.

They have six large eyes arranged in a pair of three at the front. They are found in corners, basements, crawl spaces and cupboards or in places where there are insects and they can not be disturbed. They too like black widow spiders are dangerous spiders as their bite may cause allergy and severe pain.

A Sydney Funnel Web Spider
A Sydney Funnel Web Spider

Funnel Web Spider

Funnel web spiders are very popular outdoor spiders which are found in tall grasses and branches of trees and thick shrubs. They are very small, hardly 1-2 inch in length and have a brown body which bears dark stripes on the cephalothorax.

More famous however is their large, flat, horizontal and funnel bearing webs which they use to trap a prey. The spider usually sits in the funnel to wait for the prey. The funnel also has an opening at the other end so that when the web is disturbed the spider can escape.

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