ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How Deep is the Ocean?

Updated on February 26, 2016

How We Know the Depth

Up until sometime it the 1930s, no one knew for sure how deep the ocean floor went. The only way of measuring it up until then was by by the length of the ropes dropped in by sailors. That all changed with the study of bathymetry. Bathymetry is the study of the bottom of lakes or oceans and by using different methods, scientists create bathymetric (or hydrographic) charts and maps which illustrate the topography of the ocean floor.

So Deep Mount Everest Would Fit

The deepest point on earth, Challenger Deep, lays below the surface of the ocean and is a valley within the Marianas Trench. It is the where the trench sinks the lowest, to about 36,000 feet beneath the sea.

This picture to the right illustrates just how abysmal the Challenger Deep is. As you can see, Mount Everest would fit into the Challenger Deep without a problem and would even have over a mile of water above it.

The Marianas Trench runs just off a chain of 14 islands which make up the Marianas Islands. The Marianas Islands are in the Pacific Ocean near Japan and the coordinates are 11"21' North latitude and 142" 12' East longitude.

Named After The First Ship To Survey The Trench

Challenger Deep got its name from Challenger II, a British survey ship whose crew was able to pinpoint the deep water in 1951.

In 1960, the United States Navy sent a submersible (a miniature submarine that is designed to go to great depths) down into the Marianas Trench to see how far it could reach. It was able to touch bottom at about 36,000 feet.

Plate Tectonics

The trench was created during a process that occurs during plate techtonics called subduction. Subduction occurs when the granitic crusted continental plate is basically sucked down underneath a basaltic crusted oceanic plate.


On The Map

The location is illustrated on the map to the right which isn't that great of a picture. I found it by doing a google image search.

Check Out This Cool Video!

50 Years Since The First And Only Dive To The Trench

January 23, 2010, marked the 50th anniversary of the historic dive in the bathyscape Trieste by John Walsh and Jacques Piccard.

In May of 2009, an unmanned vessel reached the Challenger Deep, but the voyage in 1960 remains the only manned trip to the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench.

How the Trench was Formed

© 2011 Erin

Would You Like To Say Hi Or Leave A Comment?

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      regino aquino 

      6 years ago

      where are the technologys now?make machine for this deuterium,where are those billionaire

    • profile image

      Jon 

      7 years ago

      First Paragraph needs changing you have stated the trench is 36,000 miles, need to change to feet buddy

    • Cheeky Girl profile image

      Cassandra Mantis 

      7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

      Strange and wonderful hub and it is very deep.

    • glowingrocks profile image

      glowingrocks 

      7 years ago from New York

      Nice hub.Interesting too!

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 

      7 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      Did they explore the Mindanao Deep, already? It's the deepest part of the Philippines. The exact location is at Surigao/Agusan where they can mine the purest natural fuel known as deuterium.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)