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Difference between Human society and Animal society

Updated on February 6, 2014

Society is a web of social relationships. Society is not only found in human beings but also in animal societies of varying degrees. We find the societies among ants, birds, monkeys, apes etc. but, there are differences between the two societies i.e human societies and animal societies.

Difference between Human and animal society

Human society is a society of civilized and cultural being but animal society is lacking culture and civilization. The needs of the animals are mostly physical and are met by inherited mechanism. The needs of the human are met by cultural transmission.

Animal society is based on instincts whereas human society is based on reason or rational behaviour. There are no rights and duties in animal society but lives on its physical power. The human society has a wonderful system of law and order.

Though animals like in society, they are unconscious about its membership in it. They do not have reasoning power. The division of labour existing in some societies like ant and bee societies is not learned but is inherited biologically. The societies found the animals is of biologically evolved but among human beings, it is through sociological evolution.

The social organisation that is found among animal society is fixed and rigid but among human being it is more flexible and adaptable depending upon the situation he encounters.

The language is absent among the animals. Though a few birds to animals made to speak cannot transmit that skill to its successors. Where as among human beings well developed language skills are developed and are able to transmit from one generation to the other.


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    • Jonas James profile image

      Jonas James 

      8 years ago from Adelaide, South Australia

      The most notable distinction between humans and the remainder of living objects is economy. We operate an artificial cash economy while the rest of the living world operates a food economy.

    • profile image

      Ashin Bhadra 

      8 years ago

      I read all of the essay and

      it"s superb and i want to thank the auother that "Thanks,for giving us education". :)

    • dilipchandra12 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dilip Chandra 

      8 years ago from India

      @ hajara.. may be, may be not. Animals have their own ways of communication and may be (may be not) language as well. But, we do not know anything in particular. In this regard language can be put forth as a significant distinct between human and animal society.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      is language the most significcant distinc between human and animal society?

    • zulymitchell profile image


      9 years ago from Granite Falls, WA

      I would have to agree with jujubees. Almost all mammals have a form of communication. It may not be like our kind of communication, but they do communicate with each other. This was an interesting hub. I will be reading more.

    • jujubees profile image


      9 years ago from Rhode Island

      Interesting read,and some good points raised, however, I respectfully disagree with your points of view concerning animal society. Wolves, elephants, horses, primates, whales, dolphins all communicate and there is flexibility within their social structure. I totally agree with your points on insects, but not on animals.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      I have read your couple of hubs, and every time I have enjoyed them. Animal society is based on instincts whereas human society is based on reason - good point.


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