ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Discover why Jupiter is so hot

Updated on July 28, 2016

(An analysis of the giant planet points to the Great Red Spot, a storm the size of three Earths, as the origin of an inexplicable heating)

The top of the Earth's atmosphere is heated directly by the radiation received from the sun. On Jupiter, five times farther from our star, the temperatures of the upper atmospheric layer are similar despite the great distance traveled solar radiation get there. Estimates indicate that if the sun were the source of the temperature of that planet should be hundreds of degrees cooler. For many years, scientists have not been able to explain where it came from that extra heat.

Now, in an article published today in the journal Nature, James O'Donoghue and several collaborators suggest a possible explanation for this enigma. After ruling out the possibility that the heat proviniese del Sol, made a map with the distribution of heat around the planet. Thus, researchers at Boston University saw that the maximum temperatures at the top of the atmosphere were detected in the region of the Great Red Spot.

This huge storm that has lasted several centuries, is so large that it could house three Earths. Although the dynamics that cause also occur in other gas giants like Saturn or Uranus, Jupiter closeness has allowed to observe this turbulence from several centuries ago. It was discovered a few years after Galileo introdujese the use of the telescope in astronomical science and has since been varying in shape, size and color. Hurricane force winds inside take six days to complete a full turn to the troubled region, more than ten hours needed Jupiter to turn around on itself.

The researchers also tried to explain the warming of the upper from the transport of energy from the polar regions of the planet, where auroras are formed due to the strong magnetic field of Jupiter's atmosphere. Computer models showed that energy was trapped in high latitudes, away from the equatorial region near which the stain is.

The explanation squared his best with the data indicated that the lower and upper parts of the atmosphere were intertwined, probably through acoustic or gravitational waves capable of causing the observed warming. Sound waves, which occur over storms, as a kind of wave, are able to raise the temperature of the upper layers of the atmosphere. This phenomenon has been observed in the thermosphere, over the Andes, and Jupiter has been estimated that could heat the upper atmosphere hundreds of degrees, which would coincide with the observations and solve the mystery of Jupiter energy.

Now, O'Donoghue and his colleagues want to continue in your line of work to understand a phenomenon that would help understand the nature of the atmospheres of planets beyond Jupiter and most of the extrasolar worlds, a large majority gas giant . "First, we should study other smaller storms on Jupiter, a planet much easier to observe than other gas giants because it is much closer to Earth," explains the researcher from the University of Boston. "Then we analyze the atmospheric temperatures produced when high winds flowing against each other. We should see if they can produce heating temperatures occur in windshear "he adds. "Then we will look at the same phenomena on Uranus and Neptune, but we are very limited because they are too far away," he concludes.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)