ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Disease Surveillance for Haemophilus Ducreyi in U.S

Updated on May 24, 2016

At present, there are surveillance systems to monitor the prevalence and reemergence of H. Ducreyi both in United States. This is despite the increased diminishing of the disease on the U.S global scale. There are various surveillance systems for H. ducreyi and which include laboratory reports, which should be reported to the National Department of Health as soon as the condition is discovered. In U.S, the specific lab test for H. ducreyi is No FDA-cleared PCR test, which can also be undertaken by clinical laboratories, especially those that have put in place their PCR test as well as performed a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment(CLIA) verification (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). Further, many public and private hospitals in U.S for instance, harbor a document identified as a STD Confidential Case Report Form where healthcare practitioners are required to use it in reporting the condition. What is more, a number of states have also toll free numbers which patients and health practitioners can use in directly reporting the disease should they notice its occurrence (Minnesota Health Department, 2015).

Despite the decline of H. ducreyi in U.S perspective, the surveillance and monitoring systems are still emphasized because of the sporadic nature of the disease once it occurs. In other words, its outbreak is spontaneous and can be transmitted to many other people once it occurs. Further, despite its continued diminishing, the disease has still a potential of causing infection to many people. In addition, it presents high transmission of HIV infection (CDC, 2011). Once the prevalence of this condition has been made, specific actions are then made by the relevant stakeholders including follow up to curb the phenomena.

Nonetheless, the surveillance system for H. ducreyi in the context of U.S is passive. This owes to the fact that data regarding the disease and the possibility of its prevalence is obtained from all potential health care facilities and workers. However, it is not mandatory for healthcare workers to perform such an undertaking by being reminded or coerced by authorities to do so. This is also the same case with the reporting system of H. ducreyi in U.S. This is contrary to the active form of reporting where the collection of data and reporting of the disease is strictly monitored by relevant authorities


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)