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Downfall of Mughal Empire
The Mughal refused to learn and accept the new trends in academics and military. Consequently, British who were fully equipped with these new trends dominated them.
The conquering of Mughal during the Akbar period was vast and continuous due to which wealth and treasures were unlimited & these areas were difficult to control. Too many officers were appointed in the government; the expenditure of their salaries weakened the economy. After Akbar, the following rulers distributed and threw this wealth with both hands. The office bearers became leisure lovers. The son of Akbar (Jahangir) wasted this wealth in the cons & forts. After Noor Jehan also spent the wealth lavishly.
The Mughals though skilled in land warfare were no match for the British who were a seafaring nation. After Akbar, the Mughals did not make Improve their arms & weapons. When dynasties are in power for long periods, it is easy to imagine that success will con forever. They let their army’s expertise decline until it was no it should also not be forgotten that it was true emperors died and there was a succession dispute.
Jagirdars were squeezing too much revenue out of the peasants. Rulers were busy expanding the empire, so they got little time in consolidating their control in different parts of the empire. The huge empire was very difficult t to administer decisions often had to be relayed over thousands of miles. Obviously emperors did not know exactly what was happening in every part of empire. This is one reason why Aurangzeb encouraged the use of mansabdars. With the weak control from the centre, the mansabdars system was not sufficiently supervised and efficiency declined. Discontent grew and revenue from tax collection declined.
Industrial Revolution started in the west development in education, farm implements while in the east decline of Mughal rule was obvious.
After the death of Aurangzeb, his grandson Jehandar set on throne that took the lavish life to its height. He made Lal Kunwar his friend who with the help of his friends & relatives was bestowed upon the wealth & properties having no limits. As a result of this lavish expenditure the treasury became empty.
With these moral evils of Mughals, the curse of Marathas & the attack of Nadir Shah Durrani completed the story of downfall of Mughal rule in this sub continent. The Mughal Empire was huge and within the empire there was an array of different peoples and different religions. As Mughals were continually fighting rebellions, there was always a pressure on the empire from separatist elements. The cost of putting down rebellions and fighting wars against invaders, such as Nadir Shah from Persia was enormous.
The Mughal Empire was in serious decline by the end of the 18 century. The weakness of the Mughal Empire, together with the strength of the British, meant the fall of one mightiest dynasty in history was almost inevitable.