Dry storage of food materials at domestic level
Food grain: Less production, more procurement
The storing of food - grains
The storage of food materials at the room temperature is called dry storage. All the non perishable food materials are stored by the dry storage method. Actually, all the non – perishable food materials are almost dry. They do not contains much water, and hence do not get spoiled easily. So, it is actually the dry food materials like wheat grains, rice, flour, sugar, etc., which are stored by the dry storage method. In fact, the dry food materials do not require any special arrangements or facilities for their storage. They can just be stored at room temperature. They dry storage can be of two types: domestic dry storage, and commercial dry storage.
Dry storage of food materials at domestic level. The storage of non – perishable foods (or dry foods) at the domestic level does not require any special arrangements or facilities. They can be stored at the room temperature in proper containers. Thus, non – perishable or dry food materials like cereals, flour, sugar and spices, etc, do not require any special arrangement for their storage. All these dry food materials can be stored at the room temperature in proper containers. Following points should be kept in mind while storing dry food materials in homes:-
1) The containers used for storing dry food materials should be clean and dry. 2) The containers used for storing dry food materials should have tight fitting lids to protect the stored food materials from dust, moisture and insects. 3) The food materials should be checked for spoiling and infestation (insects, etc.,) before putting them in the containers for storage. 4) The dry food material should be stored in a clean, dry, cool, dark and well ventilated place. 5) The place where dry food materials is stored should be free from rodents (rats) and insects. 6) each container of food material should be labelled. This label should indicate the name of the food material and the date of its purchase. The containers having the same type of food material should be grouped at one place, keeping the oldest stock in front. The labelling and systematic arrangement of containers will help in the utilisation of food materials while they are still fresh and hence reduce food wastage. If, however, the old stock of food materials keeps lying at the back, it will ultimately get spoiled. 7) The food materials stored in homes should be checked periodically to see their condition. This inspection of stored foods materials will reduce the risk of consuming spoiled foods unknowingly.