ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

EMP Protection Standards

Updated on January 8, 2018
tamarawilhite profile image

Tamara Wilhite is a technical writer, industrial engineer, mother of 2, and a published sci-fi and horror author.

Electromagnetic Pulse or EMP Terminology

EMP typically stands for electromagnetic pulse, though the term is sometimes used to mean “electromagnetic protection”. An electromagnetic pulse or EMP weapon has the potential to burn out circuits and electronics within its range.

EMI stands for Electromagnetic Interference. EMI occurs when the electromagnetic field or radiation of one device interferes with another. EMC or electromagnetic compatibility is the management of unintended electromagnetic interference, whereas an EMP is intentionally created.

Sources of Electromagnetic Radiation and EMP Bursts

Electromagnetic radiation as a weapon can be attributed to the after-effects of nuclear testing. After the first nuclear bomb tests, researchers discovered that electromagnetic radiation from the bombs also ruined the alternators in their cars.

There are number of mundane sources of electromagnetic radiation in our lives. The microwave oven generates so much radiation that they come with built in Faraday cages. Radio and television signal generation creates EMI. Wireless communications create some EMI. Industrial power sources that use spinning magnets create electromagnetic interference as do power lines.

These electromagnetic radiation sources are the reason why there are so many standards for electromagnetic radiation protection.

Cell phones are sources of electromagnetic interference.
Cell phones are sources of electromagnetic interference. | Source

ANSI Standards for EMI Protection

ANSI C95.3 outlines the techniques and instruments used to measure microwave radiation. ANSI N2.1 describes the radiation warning signal used for radiation sources like microwave and EM radiation.

ANSI Committee C63 develops standard on electromagnetic control. ANSI C63 creates standards for measuring electromagnetic noise, methods of measuring signal strength, processes to limit noise and unwanted EM sources and devising ways to provide immunity to wanted electromagnetic radiation.

While the ANSI C63 focuses on minimizing the impact of EMI radiation from power lines, radio transceivers and wireless devices, these standards also reduce the impact of massive EM bursts by electromagnetic pulse weapons.

ISO EMI Standards

ISO 24673 is the standard for reporting the results of electromagnetic interference testing. ISO 21609 gives the guidelines for installing radio frequency transmitting equipment like CB radios in vehicles in a way that does not interfere with other systems in the car.

ISO 21730 gives recommendations to EMC or electromagnetic compatibility in healthcare facilities. For example, the wireless sensors used to track expensive inventory cannot interfere with patients’ pacemakers, while cell phone usage should not interfere with patient monitoring equipment.

ISO 17334 is the standard for metallic coatings like nickel over copper wiring to provide non-organic EMP protection. Plastic sheathes around wiring also provides a measure of electromagnetic protection.

IEEE Standards for EMI Protection

IEEE/ANSI C62.41 is the joint ANSI and IEEE standard for protecting low voltage alternating current power circuits from surges. This standard outlines ways to protect utility power circuits, protect against surge voltages regardless of cause and how to test circuits’ resistance to electromagnetic interference.

ANSI C62.41 was last updated 1991. It is superseded by IEEE std C62.34, released in 1996 and updated in 2001.

IEEE 299 is the standard for determining the effectiveness of electromagnetic shielding enclosures like Faraday cages.

IEEE C62.41 is the product of the low voltage circuits working group.

IEEE C63.14 gives the standard definition for terms like EMC, EMP and ESD or electrostatic discharge.

Ham radio equipment is a source of electromagnetic radiation and EMI.
Ham radio equipment is a source of electromagnetic radiation and EMI. | Source

Aircraft Standards for EMP

SAE ARP 1972 gives the aerospace recommended practices for EMC testing for aerospace applications. SAE J551-90 gives the general recommended practices for EMC testing.

RTCA DO-160 is a corporate environmental test standard created by RTCA Incorporated. It describes the test conditions for electronic hardware used in airborne systems. The latest version is revision G, published in 2010.

Military Standards for Electromagnetic Protection

MIL-STD 188 is the military standard for various communication systems. MIL-STD 188-125 is the military standard for high altitude electromagnetic pulses or HEMP.

MIL-STD-188-125-1 gives the specifications for HEMP hardening of fixed facilities, making fixed communication facilities resistant to EMP bursts. Military Standard 188-125-2 is the standard for the EMP hardening of transportable systems like command and control systems, communications equipment, sensors and computers.

MIL-STD-202 describes the testing methods and environmental requirements at a component level for electronic components. MIL-STD-202 version G was published in 2002.

MIL-STD 810 gives the Environmental Requirements at a Box Level for electronics, also called the top level assembly. MIL-STD-810 describes the environmental engineering considerations for these units and the laboratory testing they must go through. This includes electromagnetic exposure.

MIL-STD 1541 is the EMC standard for space systems while military standard 1542 gives their grounding requirements. MIL-STD-1310 gives the EMC requirements aboard ships.

MIL-STD 461 sets the EMI or electromagnetic interference requirements for subsystems. MIL-STD 464 describes the EMI electromagnetic interference requirements for systems, the top level unit built from various subsystems.

MIL-STD-1857 describes the military practices for designing, grounding and bonding electromagnetic shielding.

UL Standards for Electromagnetic Radiation

Underwriters Laboratories or UL is a major independent testing organization. UL1449 is the Safety Standards for Low Voltage Surge Protective Devices standard by UL. Equipment built to UL 1449 has a measure of protection against an EMP or EMI.

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)