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Resources For ESL Teachers - English Lesson Plan - Prepositions Of Place
During my early 20s I spent 5 years teaching English as a second language in Phuket Thailand. It was a wonderful experience and something I will always remember. I found it more rewarding teaching children, because they were always excited to learn something new. During my time as a teacher, I was often presented with little or no books or materials to work with. I developed several lesson plans for teaching children the basics of English vocabulary and grammar. Below is a lesson plan designed to teach young children the prepositions of place. For those of you that have forgotten, prepositions of place are : in, on, over, under, beside, behind and in front of.
ESL Lesson - Prepositions of Place
The first step is to give a demonstration in order to show the children an example of the vocabulary. You can do this using a chair and a ball, two items that are normally common in most schools. You will place the chair at the front of the classroom, and then place the ball on the chair. Then you say in a loud and clear voice : "ON". Repeat this with the ball and the chair demonstrating each of the prepositions of place several times. After the children begin to get the idea, you will then demonstrate by sitting on the chair, and standing beside the chair, and telling the students that you are on or beside the chair.
The next step is to get the children involved, asking each student to come up to the front of the class and help with a demonstration. When the student arrives at the front of the class, you shout "ON", and the student should recognize that they are meant to sit on the chair. If they are confused you can help them along gesturing for them to sit. You continue by shouting "beside", and have the student stand beside the chair. After you have had the students sit on the chair, stand beside the chair, behind the chair and in front of the chair, you will shout "under". Young children may enjoy getting down and crawling under the chair, and this will be very effective, as they will remember this. Older children may protest, and it may not be culturally correct to ask them to do this, so in that case just have them point. The most exciting part of my demonstration was always "Over". I would shout "Over", and the student would just look at me with a puzzled expression. Then I would grab the student by the shoulders and hold them over the chair. Normally this was with a little boy age 5-7 years old, and he would find this very entertaining. You will want to be careful not to scare anyone or make anyone cry, and this may not be appropriate depending on where you are teaching. I can tell you that my students always remembered this lesson, and at the end of the day that is what the goal is meant to be.
The next step is to give a demonstration on the chalkboard (yes they still use chalk in Thailand). You draw a simple diagram of a 3 dimensional box, and then draw a ball in the box. You ask the students to tell you where the ball is. You repeat this process with the rest of the vocabulary. After this demonstration you can hand out a worksheet, I have attached a copy below of the worksheet I used to use. You can feel free to print out copies of it and use it if you like.