ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Early Civilization Builders

Updated on May 17, 2018
Etowah Indian Mounds
Etowah Indian Mounds | Source

The HIstory of the Etowah Indian Mounds

The Etowah Indian Mounds, located in Cartersville Georgia, are believed to have been built by the early ancestors of the Creek Indians from the region. The mounds were built sometime around 950AD by one of the Mound Builder tribes of the Mississippi Culture. The mounds were created by moving the earth to build a large earthen mound structure. The tallest of the mounds, the temple, measures little over 60’ and covers about an acre of land at its highest point. Several other mounds surround the tallest one, and one additional of the smaller mounds also acted as a temple, and the third of the three tallest mounds, being the burial mound. The size of the mounds is very impressive, and according to the About North Georgia website, a journal by Elias Cornelius stated,” Such is the mound of High Tower a greater wonder I have not yet seen perhaps rendered more so by the obscurity in which every vestige of its history is lost That the Indians of the present race never constructed it is to my mind rendered certain for they have never had or known the use of those instruments which are indispensable in executing such a work And if they had possessed them they must have been far more enter prizing and industrious than their descendants now are to have accomplished...” (Etowah Historic Site)

The Chaco Culture was predominately active between the 9th and 13th centuries AD in the area known as New Mexico today. Noted for building Great Houses, which were expansive structures, constructed of stone, that contained 600 or more rooms and have multiple stories. They were built with a great attention to detail for solar, lunar, and cardinal lines of direction. Predominately used for housing, although there is some debate between archeologists as to whether entire farming communities lived in the Great Houses, or simply impressive structures for the use of trade and ceremonies.

Likewise, the two are similar in that they buried the highest class, or elite, members of their culture with riches, much like with the Egyptian pyramids. The Chaco is thought to believe that power ran through maternal bloodlines, and according to a recent discover of DNA analysis of nine individuals who were related maternally, “The discovery was made by performing DNA analysis of nine individuals who were buried in a crypt at Pueblo Bonito. The crypt contains thousands of beads made of shell and turquoise, and many archaeologists think that the individuals buried the crypt were part of an elite family that held some degree of power at Pueblo Bonito.” (Jarus)

Whereas, with the Etowah Mound Builders, the Chief Priests were the overseers of their towns and were, therefore regarded as their most elite citizens. Of the three main mounds, the burial mound has been excavated and restructured. During the archeological study of the burial mound, it was found that “Numerous copper tools, weapons and ornamental copper plates accompanied the burials of members of Etowah's elite class.” (Etowah- Wikipedia)

In contrast, the two differ because of the fundamental use of the structures. While early studies of the Chaco people believed, the Great Houses were used to house large populations in the farming villages, according to the National Park Service, “It is thought that the great houses were not traditional farming villages occupied by large populations. They may instead have been impressive examples of "public architecture" that were used periodically during times of ceremony, commerce, and trading when temporary populations came to the canyon for these events.” (History). Whereas, the Mound Builders of the Etowah region, led by their Priests, and therefore the mounds were a place of religious ceremonies and ceremonial burial. Therefore, while both structures were used for ceremonies and trade practices, the Great Houses of the Chaco were used for dwelling, whether by entire communities or by elite leaders, unlike the mounds of the Etowah Mound Builders, that were primarily used for their ceremonies and burial practices.

Link to images-


"Etowah Indian Mounds." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 May 2017. Web. 04 June 2017.

"Etowah Indian Mounds State Historic Site." About North Georgia. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 June 2017.

"History & Culture." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. Web. 04 June 2017. <>.

Jarus, Owen. "Chaco Culture: Pueblo Builders of the Southwest." LiveScience. Purch, 23 May 2017. Web. 04 June 2017. <>.

How to find the Etowah Indian Mounds to plan your visit to this beautiful historic sight


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Coffeequeeen profile image

      Louise Powles 

      2 years ago from Norfolk, England

      How interesting! I've never seen this before, so interesting to learn about the Etowah Mounds.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)