- Education and Science
Edwin Hubble, a Pioneer in Modern Astronomy
Picture Made by the Hubble Telescope
Who Was Edwin Hubble
There was a time when man thought that the earth was the center of the
universe, but less than 100 years ago, men thought that our galaxy was
all there was to the universe. The man credited with the discovery that
the universe was much larger, and in fact expanding all the time, was
an American astronomer by the name of Edwin Hubble. Hubble was born
on20th of November in 1889 in Marshfield, Mo, the son of a lawyer.
As a teenager, Hubble was very active in sports, but he obviously had no idea of what he wanted to be. He received a scholarship to the University of Chicago, where he had decided to go into law, but due to an administrative error he had to share the scholarship with another student causing him to have to tutor and work summer jobs to fill in for the balance. He worked as a lab assistant to Robert Millikan and got a scholarship in physics. While in College he participated in track & field, boxing and basketball. He Graduated in 1910 and was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship to Queens College in Oxford. He returned to the US in 1913 and passed the bar exam. He practiced law for only a short time before he returned to the University of Chicago where he got his doctorate in Astronomy.
Upon completing his Doctorate in 1917 he enlisted in the army and served in France during WWI. After the War G.E. Hale, the well known American Astronomer' offered him a position at the Mt Wilson Observatory in California where he stayed, except for a period during WWII, for the rest of his life. In 1923 he determined that the Andromeda Nebulae was about 900,000 light years away putting it outside of our galaxy, which up until that time was thought to be the only galaxy. This opened the door to the realization that the Universe was far larger than the accepted idea of the time.